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red in Biological Definition

Allele

... versions of the gene. One version might result in red petals, while another might result in white ... allele, in a heterozygous flower (with one red and one white allele), the petals will be red. ... are expressed at the same time; for example, both red and white petals in the same bloom ...

Alga

... Green algae , together with higher plants red algae Glaucophytes In these groups the ... come from the chloroplast. The chloroplasts of red algae have a more or less typical cyanobacterial ... chloroplasts, but genetic similarities with the red algae suggest a relationship there. These groups ...

Arabidopsis

... phototropic responses of root cells to red, far red and infrared light. While gravitropic response ... white light, and positive phototropic response to red light. The photosensitive pigments phytochrome A and phytochrome B mediate this red light based phototropic response. Common names ...

Bone

... bone. In children, the bones are filled with red marrow, which is gradually replaced with yellow ... all such bones are filled exclusively with red marrow , but as the child ages it is mostly replaced by yellow marrow . In adults, red marrow is mostly found in the flat bones of the ...

Blood

... red blood cells (erythrocytes) are present in the ... tissue composed of fluid plasma and cells ( red blood cells , white blood cells , platelets ). ... per kilogram of body weight. Human blood is red , ranging from ...

Full blood count

... 3 Results from a blood count 3.1 red cells 3.2 White cells 3.3 Platelets ... not diluted) are used to calculate the number of red and white cells per litre of blood. To identify ... complete blood count will normally include: red cells Total ...

Chlorophyll

... and oxygen . Chlorophyll absorbs most in the red and blue portions of the electromagnetic ... plants Various algae Various algae Some red algae Common structure of ... spectra of by chlorophyll a ( green ) and b ( red ) Chlorophyll can be shown to be vital for ...

Diabetes mellitus

... HbA1C levels. This is the ratio of glycosylated red blood cells in relation to the total number of red blood cells. Persistent raised plasma glucose ... over a period of about 3 months (the average red blood cell lifetime). In the non-diabetic, the ...

Malaria

... red blood cell infected with P.vivax Malaria ... then turn into merozoites which then enter red blood cells . There they multiply further, periodically breaking out of the red blood cells. The classical description of waves ...

Mendelian inheritance

... F 1 generation. (3) F 2 generation. Dominant ( red ) and recessive (white) phenotype look alike in ... (2) F 1 generation. (3) F 2 generation. The " red " and "white" allele together make a " pink " phenotype, resulting in a 1:2:1 ratio of red : pink :white in the F 2 generation. During ...

Alga

... Green algae , together with higher plants red algae Glaucophytes In these groups the ... come from the chloroplast. The chloroplasts of red algae have a more or less typical cyanobacterial ... chloroplasts, but genetic similarities with the red algae suggest a relationship there. These groups ...

Pigment

... ) Cadmium pigments (Cadmium Green , Cadmium red , Cadmium Yellow , Cadmium Orange ) Caput ... Quinacridone (Quinacridone Magenta ) Oxide red red ochre Sanguine Sienna (Raw Sienna , ...

Plant

... terrestrial plants, found among the green , red , and brown algae . These and other algal groups ... cyanobacteria . The same is true of the red algae , and the two groups are generally believed ... separately from ingested or symbiotic green and red algae. Unlike embryophytes and algae, fungi ...

Plant

... terrestrial plants, found among the green , red , and brown algae . These and other algal groups ... cyanobacteria . The same is true of the red algae , and the two groups are generally believed ... separately from ingested or symbiotic green and red algae. Unlike embryophytes and algae, fungi ...

Red Queen

... The red Queen or " red Queen's Race " is an evolutionary theory ... Origin Accordingly, the metaphor red Queen represents the situation in nature where ...

Blood type

... a description an individual's characteristics of red blood cells due to substances ( carbohydrates ... : Individuals with type A blood have red blood cells with antigen A on their surface and ... A in their serum. Type AB people have red blood cells with both antigens A and B, and do ...

Stem cell

... The cord blood is processed and depleted of red blood cells before being stored in liquid ... specialized cells—for example 200 billion red blood cells are created each day in the body ... cells in the bone marrow produce large amounts of red and white blood cells, to keep the body healthy ...

Albinism

... the family. The myth that all persons with albinism have "white hair and red eyes" is not true. Colorless iris in humans is pale blue, not pink like in some animals, and the human eye is too deep for the pupil to appear red rather than black. Growth and development of children with albinism ...

Fehling's solution

... . The substance to be tested is heated together with Fehling's solution; a red precipitate indicates the presence of aldehydes or aldehyde groups. An ... an aldehyde group reduces it to a cuprous ion, which then precipitates as red Cu 2 O ( copper(I) oxide ). Fehling's solution is nowadays often ...

Leaf

... twig. In cold autumns they sometimes turn yellow , bright orange or red as various accessory pigments ( carotenoids and anthocyanins ) are ... successive pairs at right angles to each other ("decussate") along the red stem. Note developing buds in the axils of these leaves. Leaves may be ...

Liver

... copper . In the first trimester fetus , the liver is the main site of red blood cell production. By the 42nd week of gestation, the bone marrow ... The bilirubin results from the breakup of the hemoglobin of dead red blood cells ; normally, the liver removes bilirubin from the blood and ...

Optical spectrum

... the Earth 's atmosphere (although blue light is scattered more than red light, which is the reason the sky is blue). Electromagnetic radiation ... matter different colors ( frequencies ) move at different speeds. red light moves more quickly in glass than violet light and it bends ...

Biology

... on a fitness landscape . The arrows indicate the preferred flow of a population on the landscape, and the points A, B, and C are local optima. The red ball indicates a population that moves from a very low fitness value to the top of a peak Main articles: Evolutionary biology , Botany , ...

Biotechnology

... 5 See also 5.1 Compare with Sub-fields of biotechnology There are number of jargon terms for sub-fields of biotech. red biotechnology is biotechnology applied to medical processes. An example would include an organism designed to produce an antibiotic , or ...

Biomechanics

... incompressible Newtonian fluid. However, this assumption fails when considering flows within arterioles. At this scale, the effects of individual red blood cells becomes significant, and whole blood can no longer be modeled as a continuum. Biomechanics of the bones Bones are anisotropic ...

Cancer

... reduce risk of adenoma recurrence. The "chemoprevention database" [1] gives results of all published randomized controlled trials. Consumption of red meat and inadequate folic acid intake have also been associated with increased risk of colon cancer . A large randomized trial is currently ...

Chloroplast

... , which is present with various accessory pigments . These give chloroplasts their green colour. Algal chloroplasts may be golden, brown, or red and show variation in the number of membranes and the presence of thylakoids. See also Chloroplast membrane Calvin cycle External ...

Cladistics

... on certain features of all the organisms in question. Features may come in different versions (i.e. feather-color may be blue in one species, but red in another). These features are collectively called characters, and specific versions are called character states. Thus we might say that "red ...

Down syndrome

... Grief Emily Perl Kingsley : " Welcome to Holland " The Kingdom and its American counterpart, Kingdom Hospital Elizabeth Laird : red Sky in the Morning Stephen King : " Dreamcatcher " Further Reading Down Syndrome: The Facts. (1997), Selikowitz, M.(2nd ed.). ...

Drosophila

... two-winged flies of the genus Drosophila are an orange-brown color and range approximately from 3.2 mm to 4.2 mm in length. Most species have red eyes. The feathered arista is characteristic of the family. Male (left) and female fruit flies. Drosophila is part of the ...

Evolution

... ago) and the subsequent emergence of an oxygen-rich, non-reducing atmosphere can be traced through the formation of banded iron deposits, and later red beds of iron oxides. This was a necessary prerequisite for the development of aerobic cellular respiration , believed to have emerged around 2 ...

Eukaryote

... Various amoeboid protozoa Excavates Various flagellate protozoa Plantae sensu lato Land plants , green and red algae Chromista Brown algae , diatoms , water moulds , etc. Alveolates Ciliates , Apicomplexa , dinoflagellates , ...

Evolutionary tree

... Diplomonads Oxymonads Parabasalids Jakobids Heterolobosea Euglenozoa "Plants" Kingdom Plantae - green plants red algae Glaucophytes Heterokonts Alveolates Ciliates Apicomplexa Dinoflagellates Ellobiopsids ...

Extinction

... Population genetics External links A mathematical model for mass extinction Species disappearing at an alarming rate (MSNBC) red List of Threatened Species References Mass Extinction Underway | Biodiversity Crisis | Global Species Loss Univ. of Arizona lecture ...

Fitness landscape

... of a fitness landscape. The arrows indicate the preferred flow of a population on the landscape, and the points A, B, and C are local optima. The red ball indicates a population that moves from a very low fitness value to the top of a peak. Illustration by C.O. Wilke, 2001. Further reading ...

Fermentation

... kigactuki , kakduggi , kimchi , miso , mootsanji , nara senkei , natto , nozawana , oigee , oiji , oiso baegi , pow tsai (泡菜), red in snow (雪裡蕻), sake (), seokbakji , siozuke , soy sauce , szechwan cabbage (四川泡菜), tai-tan tsoi ...

Foot and mouth disease

... have been recorded in countries of continental Europe , Africa, and South America. Symptoms of FMD in humans include malaise, fever, vomiting, red ulcerative lesions (surface-eroding damaged spots) of the oral tissues, and sometimes vesicular lesions (small blisters) of the skin. There is ...

Heterozygote

... and this will be indicated with Pp . All F1 plants will flower pink. Some traits are neither dominant nor recessive but are intermediary: the red carnation crossed with a white carnation will give you heterozygote pink carnations. See also homozygote dominant gene ...

Lac repressor

... protein sequence to be made, the car must drive from a specific entrance and get off at the next exit. The repressor in its active form is like a red light at the entrance. The lac repressor works with the cooperation of another regulatory protein that responds to glucose and activates the ...

Muller's ratchet

... Y chromosome. Muller's ratchet is an important theory as to why sex evolved, but works better in small populations than larger ones. See the red Queen for the hypothesis that is generally regarded as being superior, though note that the two are not mutually exclusive. Any discussion on the ...
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