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Organic in Biological Definition

Abiogenesis

... living organisms could be "born" out of decaying organic substances, et cetera, which we now know does not ... and it was soon found that however carefully organic matter might be protected by screens, or by being ... as its occurrence in the macroscopic world. If organic matter were first sterilized and then prevented ...

Alcohol

... alcohol is a more general term, applied to any organic compound in which a hydroxyl group ( - O H ) ... , and vegetable essences such as vanilla . In organic synthesis , alcohols frequently serve as ... and ethers . All simple alcohols are miscible in organic solvents. This hydrogen bonding means that ...

Autotroph

... organism that produces its own cell mass and organic compounds from carbon dioxide as sole carbon ... energy and for the raw materials to make complex organic molecules. The heterotrophs obtain energy by breaking down organic molecules in their food. Even carnivorous ...

Biodiversity

... They can capture and store energy, produce organic material, decompose organic material, help to cycle water and nutrients ... are being driven by human consumption of organic resources. While most of the species that are ...

Bacterium

... metabolisms . Heterotrophs depend on an organic source of carbon, while autotrophs are able to synthesize organic compounds from carbon dioxide and water. ... are called lithotrophs and others needing organic compounds (e. g. sugars ...

Biotechnology

... use of organisms for the manufacture of organic products (examples include beer , milk ... Star Trek The Breen use starships with organic technology. The starship USS Voyager used bio-neural gel pack circuitry. Species 8472 used organic spacecraft . Star Wars The Yuuzhan ...

Bone

... of significant elasticity contributed by its organic components (chiefly collagen ). Bone is a mesh ... major constituent of bone. It has inorganic and organic parts. The inorganic is mainly crystalline ... act as a centre for crystals to grow on. The organic part of matrix is mainly Type I collagen . This ...

Bacterium

... metabolisms . Heterotrophs depend on an organic source of carbon, while autotrophs are able to synthesize organic compounds from carbon dioxide and water. ... are called lithotrophs and others needing organic compounds (e. g. sugars ...

Fungus

... , that is they get their energy by breaking down organic molecules, and cannot synthesize organic molecules from inorganic substances (as plants ... enzymes of animals , breaking apart large organic molecules, but function outside the organism. The ...

Origin of life

... models of the origin of life 2.1 Origin of organic molecules: Miller and Wchtershuser's theories 2.2 From organic molecules to protocells 2.2.1 "Genes ... conditions. The origin (see Origin of organic molecules ) of basic biomolecules such as ...

Oswald Avery

... them. Therefore if bacteria transform when an organic molecule is placed in liquid with them, then that ... Substances were available to remove various organic compounds from bacteria, and if the remaining organic compounds were still able to cause R strain ...

Primary nutritional groups

... is defined as heterotrophic when using organic substrates to get its carbon for growth and ... is defined as organotrophic when it uses organic compounds as source of electrons, whereas it is ... organisms are often also heterotrophic, using organic compounds as sources of electrons and carbon at ...

Protein

... element ) is a complex, high molecular weight organic compound that consists of amino acids joined ... "I propose to you the name 'protein' for the organic oxide of fibrin and albumin , which I have ... signs of this, at the time, unknown class of organic compounds. See also Biochemistry ...

Rudolf Steiner

... Free Spiritual Culture Steiner developed an organic style of architecture for the design and ... before he died in 1925. He conceived it as an organic extension and metamorphosis of the first ... quite the same as the more general concept of organic farming , since e.g. it also takes the phases of ...

Vitamin

... Vitamins are organic chemicals that a given living organism requires ... Different organisms need different trace organic substances. Most mammals need, with few ... . In general, plants can synthesize all the organic substances they need and therefore, do not ...

Biochemistry

... Whler published a paper about the synthesis of urea , proving that organic compounds can be created artificially, in contrast to the common belief of the time that organic compounds could only be made by living organisms. It is generally accepted ...

Biological psychology

... patients. Biological psychologists work on the basis that there is an organic basis to mental processes, and that this requires them to understand the ... are instantiated in the brain . They recognize that treating the organic problem may be accomplished by talking as well as drugs. Related ...

C4 carbon fixation

... and decreases the chances of photorespiration, a harmful process in which organic material and energy is lost from the plant due to high concentrations of ... oxaloacetate The product is usually converted to malate , a simple organic compound that gives up its CO 2 to the Calvin cycle after being ...

Cellular respiration

... are converted into energy usable for life processes. Oxidation of organic material—in a bonfire, for example—is an exothermic reaction ... is transferred from an energy-rich atom (such as a carbon atom in an organic molecule) to an oxygen atom, via an electron transport chain. Oxygen ...

Chromatography

... between different adsorbents. TLC is a standard laboratory method in organic chemistry . Because of its simplicity and speed TLC is often used for ... Solvents used include any miscible combination of water or various organic liquids (the most common are methanol or acetonitrile ). Often, a ...

Coenzyme

... A coenzyme (a.k.a. a prosthetic group ) is an organic non- protein molecule that is a functional part of an enzyme . Coenzymes are generally defined as cofactors that are organic molecules . Many coenzymes are phosphorylated water -soluble vitamins ....

Mitochondrion

... " cellular power plants ", because their primary function is to convert organic materials into energy in the form of ATP . Contents ... functions Although the primary function of mitochondria is to convert organic materials into cellular energy in the form of ATP , mitochondria play an ...

Mitochondrion

... " cellular power plants ", because their primary function is to convert organic materials into energy in the form of ATP . Contents ... functions Although the primary function of mitochondria is to convert organic materials into cellular energy in the form of ATP , mitochondria play an ...

Natural selection

... whenever and wherever opportunity offers, at the improvement of each organic being in relation to its organic and inorganic conditions of life. We see nothing of these slow changes in ...

Nutrition

... Nutrition is interpreted as the study of the organic process by which an organism assimilates and uses food and liquids for ... damaging to the foods produced by use of these methods (see also organic farming )? Are the use of antibiotics and hormones in animal ...

Redox

... transfer reagents (NaBH 4 , LiAlH 4 ), these reagents are widely used in organic chemistry, primarily in the reduction of carbonyl compounds to alcohols ... because it absorbs certain wavelengths of infrared light. In organic chemistry , stepwise oxidation of a hydrocarbon produces water and, ...

Phloem

... In vascular plants , phloem is the tissue that carries organic nutrients, particularly sucrose . In trees , the phloem is part of the ... out of the sieve-tube elements, producing the exactly opposite effect. organic molecules such as sugars, amino acids , certain hormones , and even ...

Plant

... conducted by land plants and algae are the ultimate source of energy and organic material in nearly all habitats. These processes also radically changed ... exposed by erosion . Petrified wood is often heavily silicified (the organic material replaced by silicon dioxide ), and the impregnated tissue is ...

Plant

... conducted by land plants and algae are the ultimate source of energy and organic material in nearly all habitats. These processes also radically changed ... exposed by erosion . Petrified wood is often heavily silicified (the organic material replaced by silicon dioxide ), and the impregnated tissue is ...

Redox

... transfer reagents (NaBH 4 , LiAlH 4 ), these reagents are widely used in organic chemistry, primarily in the reduction of carbonyl compounds to alcohols ... because it absorbs certain wavelengths of infrared light. In organic chemistry , stepwise oxidation of a hydrocarbon produces water and, ...

Secondary metabolite

... terpenoids , polyketides , aliphatic , aromatic , and heteroaromatic organic acids , phenols , iridoids , steroids , saponins , peptides , ... Chinese wormwood Class Aliphatic , Aromatic and Heteroaromatic organic acids: Class Polyketides : Class Phenols : ...

X-ray crystallography

... showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 Inorganic Structures 2 organic Structures 3 See also 4 Paper Resources/Books ... can be used to determine crystal size, purity, and texture . organic Structures The first protein crystal structure was of sperm whale ...

Amine

... Ammonia Amines are organic compounds containing nitrogen as the key atom in the amine functional group. Amines have structures resembling ammonia , where one or more ...

Artificial life

... attempt to find more realistic and inexpensive ways to animate natural forms such as plant life, animal movement, hair growth, and complicated organic textures. The Unit of Theoretical Behavioural Ecology at the Free University of Brussels applied the self-organization theories of Ilya ...

Biology

... People and history Biologist - Notable biologists - History of biology - Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine - Timeline of biology and organic chemistry - List of geneticists and biochemists Institutions, publications NASA Ames Research Center - Bachelor of Science - ...

Calvin cycle

... in ATP and NADPH . The light-independent Calvin cycle uses the energy from these short-lived energy carriers to convert carbon dioxide into organic compounds that can be used by the organism. This set of reactions is also called carbon fixation . The key enzyme of the cycle is called ...

Crassulacean acid metabolism

... Therefore, their stomata are open during the night, and it is then that they take in carbon dioxide. They store it as malate and other, simple organic compounds. Malate in particular is easily broken down into pyruvate , which can be phosphorylated into PEP and then be recycled to fix more ...

Crassulacean acid metabolism

... Therefore, their stomata are open during the night, and it is then that they take in carbon dioxide. They store it as malate and other, simple organic compounds. Malate in particular is easily broken down into pyruvate , which can be phosphorylated into PEP and then be recycled to fix more ...

Carbon fixation

... result is that there is a net output of a single G3P ; and in two turns of the Calvin cycle when two G3P are output, then they are combined to form organic compounds, specifically monosaccharides . ...

Cell metabolism

... a constructive metabolic process whereby energy is consumed to synthesize or combine simpler substances, such as amino acids , into more complex organic compounds, such as enzymes and nucleic acids . Catabolism Catabolism is a type of metabolic process occurring in living cells by ...
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