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map in Biological Definition

Population genetics

... is to provide a set of laws that predictably map a population of genotypes ( G 1 ) to a ... takes place, and another set of laws that map the resulting population ( P 2 ) back to ... We will refer to this as the " genotype-phenotype map ". T 2 is the transformation due to natural ...

X-ray crystallography

... are combined and eventually used to construct a map of the electron density of the molecule that was ... atoms are then fit to the electron density map and various parameters such as position are ... in order to estimate phases and obtain an initial map of the electron density. After phases are ...

Apoptosis

... EntrezBookshelf ). Goeddel, D.V. et al. (as authorities): Connection map for Tumor Necrosis Factor Pathway, Science STKE ( [25] ). Golstein, ... p. 1635, 31 May 2002 ( PubMed ). Wajant, H. (as authority): Connection map for Fas Signaling Pathway, Science STKE ( [26] ). Werlen et al. , ...

Long-term potentiation

... (31), 19103-6. PMID 9235897 ^ Sweatt JD (2001) "The neuronal map kinase cascade: a biochemical signal integration system subserving ... 399-416. ^ Esteban JA (2003) "AMPA receptor trafficking: a road map for synaptic plasticity.". Mol Interv 3 (7), 375-85. ^ ...

Bioinformatics

... Bioinformatics for Dummies . Wiley, 2003. ISBN 0764516965 External links Software projects BIOMAP Project : Creating a Unified Global map of various Macromolecular Biological Structures Proteome Ontology Project : An effort to build a Protein Ontology Specification, a part of ...

Classical genetics

... that some genes do not segregate independently at meiosis , broke the laws of Mendelian inheritance , and provided science with a way to map characteristics to a location on the chromosomes . Linkage maps are still used today, especially in breeding for plant improvement . After the ...

Bioinformatics

... Bioinformatics for Dummies . Wiley, 2003. ISBN 0764516965 External links Software projects BIOMAP Project : Creating a Unified Global map of various Macromolecular Biological Structures Proteome Ontology Project : An effort to build a Protein Ontology Specification, a part of ...

Gene

... . He later showed that genes occupy specific locations on the chromosome. With this knowledge, Morgan and his students began the first chromosomal map of the fruit fly Drosophila . In 1928 , Frederick Griffith showed that genes could be transferred. In what is now known as Griffith's ...

Genetics

... a letter to Adam Sedgwick 1910 Thomas Hunt Morgan shows that genes reside on chromosomes 1913 Alfred Sturtevant makes the first genetic map of a chromosome 1918 Ronald Fisher publishes On the correlation between relatives on the supposition of Mendelian inheritance - the modern ...

Genome project

... Genome projects are scientific endeavours that aim to map the genome of a living being or of a species (be it an animal , a plant , a fungus , a bacterium , an archaean , a protist or a virus ), ...

Human Genome Project

... The Human Genome Project (HGP) endeavored to map the human genome down to the nucleotide (or base pair ) level and to identify all the genes present in it. Contents ...

Molecular phylogeny

... Molecular phylogeny is the use of a gene's molecular characteristics to classify an organism and to place it on a map of evolutionary relationships known as the phylogenetic tree . Every living organism is composed of certain substances such as DNA , RNA , and ...

Thomas Hunt Morgan

... characteristics of thousands of fruit flies and studied their inheritance. Using chromosome recombination, Morgan and Alfred Sturtevant formed a map of genes' locations on the chromosome. Morgan and his students also wrote the seminal book The Mechanism of Mendelian Heredity . Morgan moved to the ...

Trait

... important reference point along this string is the centromere ; the distance from a gene to the centromere is referred to as the gene's locus or map location. A chromosomal region known to control a trait while the responsible gene within not being identified is referred to as a quantitative ...
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