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Infections in Biological Definition

Antibiotic

... the host, and therefore can be used to treat infections . The term originally described only those ... , prontosil , which was used to treat infections in humans, where its effect was found to be due ... With the increased need for treating wound infections in World War II , resources were poured into ...

Fungus

... root rot vegetable caterpillar Fungal infections may also be a factor in causing specific ... of innate immunity to fungi and most of the infections they cause are mild and self-limiting. This ... of the human body and establish infections, the infections are classified according to the tissue levels ...

Vesicular stomatitis virus

... evolution . VSV is an arbovirus : Natural VSV infections encompass two steps, cytolytic infections of mammalian hosts and transmission by insects. In insects, infections are non-cytolytic persistent. For ...

Alexander Fleming

... in the fronts of France . Being exposed to the horrific medical infections by the dying soldiers, he returned to St. Mary's after the war with ... chemists. In part by believing its effect may only hold valid with small infections and further by not being well received within the community, the drug was ...

Malaria

... ) is an infectious disease which in humans causes about 500 million infections and 2 million deaths annually, mainly in the tropics and sub-Saharan ... , a vaccine which reduces infection risk by 30% and severity of infections by over 50% [1] . Further necessary research will delay this vaccine from ...

Virus

... made use of viruses in similar ways. Deaths have occurred through virus infections caused by virus vectors used in gene therapy , so their application to ... , which are useless against viruses, and their misuse against viral infections is one of the causes of antibiotic resistance in bacteria . That said, ...

Antibiotic resistance

... common" in hospitals. MRSA was responsible for 37% of fatal cases of blood poisoning in the UK in 1999, up from 4% in 1991. Half of all S. aureus infections in the US are resistant to penicillin, methicillin, tetracycline and erythromycin . This left vancomycin as the only effective agent available ...

Bacterium

... or localized infection, can be caused by bacteria such as streptococcus , staphylococcus , or many gram-negative bacteria. Some bacterial infections can spread throughout the host's body and become systemic . In plants , bacteria cause leaf spot , fireblight , and wilts . The mode of ...

Full blood count

... with differential will also include: Neutrophil granulocytes - May indicate bacterial infection. Lymphocytes - Higher with some viral infections such as glandular fever . Also raised in lymphocytic leukaemia CLL . Monocytes - May be raised in bacterial infection Eosinophil ...

Diabetes mellitus

... caused by diabetes, such as a heart attack , stroke , neuropathy , poor wound healing or a foot ulcer, certain eye problems, certain fungal infections , or delivering a baby with macrosomia or hypoglycemia . Criteria for diagnosis Diabetes mellitus is characterized by recurrent or ...

Dialysis

... that is needed. The main consideration is the very high potential for infection with an open catheter; peritonitis is a common complication, as are infections of the catheter exit site or "tunnel" (path from the peritoneum to the exit site). Because of this, patients are advised to take a number of ...

Bacterium

... or localized infection, can be caused by bacteria such as streptococcus , staphylococcus , or many gram-negative bacteria. Some bacterial infections can spread throughout the host's body and become systemic . In plants , bacteria cause leaf spot , fireblight , and wilts . The mode of ...

Hepadnaviridae

... Orthohepadnavirus Avihepadnavirus Hepadnaviruses are the viruses in the family Hepadnaviridae . Hepadnaviruses cause liver infections in humans and animals. There are two genera included here: Genus Orthohepadnavirus ; type species: Hepatitis B virus Genus ...

Microorganism

... of other organisms' remains and waste products, and many other processes. They can also be harmful as pathogens when, as parasites , they cause infections . Microorganisms were probably the first form of life that appeared on Earth. Today they have an important place in all ecosystems and in most ...

Antibiotic resistance

... common" in hospitals. MRSA was responsible for 37% of fatal cases of blood poisoning in the UK in 1999, up from 4% in 1991. Half of all S. aureus infections in the US are resistant to penicillin, methicillin, tetracycline and erythromycin . This left vancomycin as the only effective agent available ...

Muscle

... to the acetylcholine receptor, and its related condition Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS). Tetanus and botulism are bacterial infections in which bacterial toxins cause increased or decreased muscle tone, respectively. The myopathies are all diseases affecting the muscle itself, ...

Outbreak

... Virus outbreaks occur when a virus bypasses infection control measures and a relatively high number of infections are observed where no cases or sporadic cases occurred in the past. The study of pathogenic viral outbreaks is a branch of epidemiology and ...

Skin

... tumors of the skin: Squamous cell papilloma Skin cancer Others : Rashes Blisters Acne Keratosis pilaris Fungal infections such as athlete's foot microbial infections. calcinosis cutis ulcer list of skin diseases See also Birthmark ...

Stem cell

... is terminated, the stem cells in the bone marrow produce large amounts of red and white blood cells, to keep the body healthy and to help fight infections . Since the 1980s stem cells have been taken from the blood instead of the bone-marrow, making the procedure safer for older people. Although ...
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(Date:4/24/2014)... play a crucial role in the global-scale cycling ... atmosphere. Now scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography ... forward in understanding the microscopic underpinnings of these ... make new cells, a substantial portion of that ... a buffet of edible molecules collectively called "dissolved ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Purdue and West Virginia University ... the golden eagle, providing a bird,s-eye view of eagle ... , Their study calls into question long-held assumptions ... not be as sensitive to ultraviolet light as previously ... have a sharper sense of smell than researchers realized. ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... a commercially important sugar used as a sweetener, ... for synthesizing riboflavin and several antiviral drugs. Genetic ... the bacteria,s ability to produce D-ribose is a ... of this valuable chemical, as described in an ... journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling, Scripps scientists discover 2Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling, Scripps scientists discover 3Genome yields insights into golden eagle vision, smell 2
(Date:4/24/2014)... TORONTO Baker,s yeast is giving scientists a better ... of hospitalization and illness world-wide. , When two ... one can suppress or enhance the effectiveness of the ... of another. These types of interactions are a major ... severe practical limits on the practical scope of drug ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... lenses coated with an antimicrobial peptide could help to lower ... Optometry and Vision Science , official journal ... journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins , ... in animals and now humans support the biocompatibility and safety ... the new research by Debarun Dutta, B.Optom, of The University ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... Center for BrainHealth will bring together national experts ... challenges at its inaugural Brain Health Summit, titled ... speakers will include Dr. Sandra Bond Chapman, founder ... U.S. Senator Chuck Grassley (R-IA), U.S. Representative Chaka ... for Policy and Early Learning, U.S. Department of ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... the corresponding terminology, and the relevance of palliation ... publications on randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This is ... Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care ... report. , Together with external experts, IQWiG analysed ... lung cancer, malignant melanoma, and pancreatic cancer. For ...
(Date:4/24/2014)... than to receive at least if you,re an adolescent ... study found that 15- and 16-year-olds who find pleasure in ... are less likely to become depressed than those who get ... for themselves. , The researchers detail their findings in the ... The study focused on the ventral striatum, a brain region ...
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