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Infections in Biological Definition

Antibiotic

... the host, and therefore can be used to treat infections . The term originally described only those ... , prontosil , which was used to treat infections in humans, where its effect was found to be due ... With the increased need for treating wound infections in World War II , resources were poured into ...

Fungus

... root rot vegetable caterpillar Fungal infections may also be a factor in causing specific ... of innate immunity to fungi and most of the infections they cause are mild and self-limiting. This ... of the human body and establish infections, the infections are classified according to the tissue levels ...

Vesicular stomatitis virus

... evolution . VSV is an arbovirus : Natural VSV infections encompass two steps, cytolytic infections of mammalian hosts and transmission by insects. In insects, infections are non-cytolytic persistent. For ...

Alexander Fleming

... in the fronts of France . Being exposed to the horrific medical infections by the dying soldiers, he returned to St. Mary's after the war with ... chemists. In part by believing its effect may only hold valid with small infections and further by not being well received within the community, the drug was ...

Malaria

... ) is an infectious disease which in humans causes about 500 million infections and 2 million deaths annually, mainly in the tropics and sub-Saharan ... , a vaccine which reduces infection risk by 30% and severity of infections by over 50% [1] . Further necessary research will delay this vaccine from ...

Virus

... made use of viruses in similar ways. Deaths have occurred through virus infections caused by virus vectors used in gene therapy , so their application to ... , which are useless against viruses, and their misuse against viral infections is one of the causes of antibiotic resistance in bacteria . That said, ...

Antibiotic resistance

... common" in hospitals. MRSA was responsible for 37% of fatal cases of blood poisoning in the UK in 1999, up from 4% in 1991. Half of all S. aureus infections in the US are resistant to penicillin, methicillin, tetracycline and erythromycin . This left vancomycin as the only effective agent available ...

Bacterium

... or localized infection, can be caused by bacteria such as streptococcus , staphylococcus , or many gram-negative bacteria. Some bacterial infections can spread throughout the host's body and become systemic . In plants , bacteria cause leaf spot , fireblight , and wilts . The mode of ...

Full blood count

... with differential will also include: Neutrophil granulocytes - May indicate bacterial infection. Lymphocytes - Higher with some viral infections such as glandular fever . Also raised in lymphocytic leukaemia CLL . Monocytes - May be raised in bacterial infection Eosinophil ...

Diabetes mellitus

... caused by diabetes, such as a heart attack , stroke , neuropathy , poor wound healing or a foot ulcer, certain eye problems, certain fungal infections , or delivering a baby with macrosomia or hypoglycemia . Criteria for diagnosis Diabetes mellitus is characterized by recurrent or ...

Dialysis

... that is needed. The main consideration is the very high potential for infection with an open catheter; peritonitis is a common complication, as are infections of the catheter exit site or "tunnel" (path from the peritoneum to the exit site). Because of this, patients are advised to take a number of ...

Bacterium

... or localized infection, can be caused by bacteria such as streptococcus , staphylococcus , or many gram-negative bacteria. Some bacterial infections can spread throughout the host's body and become systemic . In plants , bacteria cause leaf spot , fireblight , and wilts . The mode of ...

Hepadnaviridae

... Orthohepadnavirus Avihepadnavirus Hepadnaviruses are the viruses in the family Hepadnaviridae . Hepadnaviruses cause liver infections in humans and animals. There are two genera included here: Genus Orthohepadnavirus ; type species: Hepatitis B virus Genus ...

Microorganism

... of other organisms' remains and waste products, and many other processes. They can also be harmful as pathogens when, as parasites , they cause infections . Microorganisms were probably the first form of life that appeared on Earth. Today they have an important place in all ecosystems and in most ...

Antibiotic resistance

... common" in hospitals. MRSA was responsible for 37% of fatal cases of blood poisoning in the UK in 1999, up from 4% in 1991. Half of all S. aureus infections in the US are resistant to penicillin, methicillin, tetracycline and erythromycin . This left vancomycin as the only effective agent available ...

Muscle

... to the acetylcholine receptor, and its related condition Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS). Tetanus and botulism are bacterial infections in which bacterial toxins cause increased or decreased muscle tone, respectively. The myopathies are all diseases affecting the muscle itself, ...

Outbreak

... Virus outbreaks occur when a virus bypasses infection control measures and a relatively high number of infections are observed where no cases or sporadic cases occurred in the past. The study of pathogenic viral outbreaks is a branch of epidemiology and ...

Skin

... tumors of the skin: Squamous cell papilloma Skin cancer Others : Rashes Blisters Acne Keratosis pilaris Fungal infections such as athlete's foot microbial infections. calcinosis cutis ulcer list of skin diseases See also Birthmark ...

Stem cell

... is terminated, the stem cells in the bone marrow produce large amounts of red and white blood cells, to keep the body healthy and to help fight infections . Since the 1980s stem cells have been taken from the blood instead of the bone-marrow, making the procedure safer for older people. Although ...
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