... body temperature; and at the level of the ecosystem
, for example when atmospheric carbon dioxide ... two or more different species interact in an ecosystem
, and is the province of ecology .
Scope of ... complex interrelationships among organisms in an ecosystem
Main articles: Ecology , Ethology , ...
... species diversity - diversity among species
diversity - diversity at a higher level of organization, the ecosystem
(richness in the different processes to which ... disasters.
These functions are important for ecosystem
function and human survival.
Research suggests ...
... is an evolutionary process driven by mutation and natural selection .
Adaptive radiation often occurs when a species is introduced to a new ecosystem
, or when a species can survive in an environment that was unreachable before. For example, the Darwin's finches on the Galapagos islands ...
... ecosystems is also growing, despite large areas beneath the surface of the ocean remaining effectively unexplored.
The marine ecosystem
is large, and thus there are quite a number of subfields in marine biology, mostly involving specializations in particular species and biomes, such ...
... mixing mother's and father's genes , sex may allow a species to adapt quickly just to hold onto the ecological niche that it already has in the ecosystem
2 Arms races
3 The paradox of sex: The "cost" of males
4 References ...