... code for proteins ; see the original central dogma
1944 Oswald Theodore Avery , ... showed using RNA viruses that Watson's central dogma
is not always true
1970 Restriction enzymes ...
of molecular biology
gene regulatory network ...
... which they published in 1953 . Watson and Crick proposed the central dogma
of molecular biology in 1957 , describing the process whereby proteins ... . In an influential presentation in 1957 , Crick laid out the " Central dogma
", which foretold the relationship between DNA, RNA, and proteins, and ...
... structure of DNA . Together, these discoveries established the central dogma
of molecular biology , which states that proteins are transcribed from RNA which is translated from DNA. This dogma
has since been shown to have exceptions, such as reverse transcription ...
... is needed in order to decide which polypeptide is produced, given a DNA sequence and pre-mRNA. (This does not necessarily negate the central dogma
of genetics which is about the flow of information from genes to proteins). Since the ways of regulation are inherited, the interpretation of a ...
... is the study of molecular underpinnings of the process of replication, transcription and translation of the genetic material . The central dogma
of molecular biology where genetic material is transcribed into RNA and then translated into protein, despite being an oversimplified picture of ...
... yet responded to agents that disrupt proteins. Initially, this hypothesis was highly controversial, because it seemed to contradict the " central dogma
of modern biology ", which asserts that all living organisms use nucleic acids to reproduce. Prusiner's idea — that a protein (which, unlike ...
... only occur from DNA to RNA, reverse transcriptase transcribes RNA into DNA. The term "retro" in retrovirus refers to this reversal of the Central dogma
of molecular biology . Reverse transcriptase activity outside of retroviruses has been found in almost all eukaryotes, enabling the generation and ...
... starts with DNA traveling to RNA and finally to protein (ultimately affecting organism structure and function). This is the Central dogma
of molecular biology as stated by Francis Crick .
This information flow may also be followed through the Cell as it travels from the DNA in ...