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crystallography in Biological Definition

X-ray crystallography

... X-ray crystallography is a technique in crystallography in which the pattern produced by the ... of blood on the decks of whaling ships. X-ray crystallography played a major role in elucidating the ...

Biophysics

... work Maurice Wilkins & Rosalind Franklin , pioneers of DNA crystallography Francis Crick , co-discover of DNA structure and the genetic code Max Perutz & John Kendrew , pioneers of protein crystallography Other notable biophysicists Howard Berg , characterized ...

Ion channel

... of their molecular structure by Roderick MacKinnon using X-ray crystallography won a share of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry . Because of their ... examine what channels "look like." Particularly in cases where the crystallography required removing channels from their membranes with detergent, many ...

Protein

... . This protein was the first to have its structure solved by X-ray crystallography by Max Perutz and Sir John Cowdery Kendrew in 1958, which led to them ... unknown class of organic compounds. See also Biochemistry crystallography Denatured protein Intein Peptide Prion Proteinoid ...

Proteomics

... protein structures in three-dimensional space. Common methods are x-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy . Interaction proteomics . This concerns the ... the relative mass of a protein and its isoelectric point . X-ray crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance are used to characterize the ...

Louis Pasteur

... molecules, it was quite an achievement, but Pasteur then went on to his more famous work in the field of biology/medicine. His doctoral thesis on crystallography got him a position of professor of chemistry at the Facult (College) of Strasbourg . In 1854, he was named Dean of the new College of Science ...

Molecular biology

... Foundation at the time and believed that biology was about to undergo a period of significant change given recent advances in fields such as X-ray crystallography . He therefore channeled significant amounts of (Rockefeller Institute) money into biological fields. Further reading Keith Roberts, Martin ...

Secondary structure

... shown in colour, and random coil in white, there are no beta sheets in shown. This protein was the first to have its structure solved by X-ray crystallography by Max Perutz and Sir John Cowdery Kendrew in 1958, which led to them receiving a Nobel Prize in Chemistry . In biochemistry and ...

Structural biology

... use to determine their structures generally involving measurements on vast numbers of identical molecules at the same time. These methods include crystallography , NMR , Electron Microscopy and circular dichroism . Most often researchers use them to study the static " native states " of macromolecules. But ...

Tertiary structure

... is to predict the native conformation of a protein from its primary sequence . Conventionally, tertiary structures are deduced through crystallography or multidimensional NMR . The study of protein tertiary structure is known as structural biology . See also: primary structure -- secondary ...
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