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Cholesterol in Biological Definition

Diabetes mellitus

... are: cessation of smoking , optimizing cholesterol levels, maintaining a stable body weight, ... list includes: high blood pressure , elevated cholesterol levels , coronary artery disease , past ... 364: 685-96 MRC/BHF Heart Protection Study of cholesterol lowering with simvastatin in 20,536 high-risk ...

Nutrition

... wrong kinds of fats can cause the build-up of cholesterol -related plaque on artery walls which can ... vegetarian Health: auxology cholesterol digestion Eating disorders health ... Sobczak S, et al Lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and increased omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids ...

Lipid

... (having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic portions). In the case of cholesterol , the polar group is a mere -OH ( hydroxyl or alcohol). In the case of ... membranes, other lipid components like sphingolipids and sterols (such as cholesterol in animal cell membranes) are also found in biological membranes. In an ...

Coenzyme A

... is also referred to as acetyl-CoA . Acetyl-CoA is an important molecule itself. It is the precursor to HMG CoA, which is a vital component in cholesterol and ketone synthesis. Furthermore, it contributes the acetyl group to acetylcholine ; the addition of the acetyl group to choline a ...

Cell membrane

... Cells may vary the variety and the relative amounts of different lipids to maintain the fluidity of their membranes despite changes in temperature. cholesterol molecules (in case of eukaryotes) or hopanoids (in case of prokaryotes) in the bilayer assist in regulating fluidity. Detailed Structure In ...

Gene therapy

... to practice. In 1990 trials were run designed to treat children with an inherited immune deficiency, as well as children or adults with high serum cholesterol . Cells were removed from the patients body and incubated with vectors that inserted copies of the genes. Most gene-therapy vectors are viruses , ...

Hormone

... of amino acids are referred to as proteins. Examples of protein hormones include insulin and growth hormone. Steroid hormones are derived from cholesterol . The adrenal cortex and the gonads are primary sources. Examples of steroid hormones are testosterone and cortisol . Sterol hormones such as ...

Liver

... glycogen from glucose) The breakdown of insulin and other hormones The liver also performs several roles in lipid metabolism: cholesterol synthesis The production of triglycerides (fats). The liver produces coagulation factors I (fibrinogen), II (prothrombin), V , ...

Metabolism

... from simple precursors: Glycogenesis Gluconeogenesis Porphyrin synthesis pathway HMG-CoA reductase pathway , leading to cholesterol and isoprenoids . Secondary metabolism , metabolic pathways that are not essential for growth, development or reproduction, but that usually ...

Phospholipid

... with a sphingosine backbone; sphingomyelin . Phospholipids are a major component of all biological membranes , along with glycolipids and cholesterol . Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 Phosphoglycerides 1.1 Phosphatidyl choline 1.2 Phosphatidyl ethanolamine 1.3 ...

Lipid bilayer

... Other self-organizing structures that lipids assume, depending on their concentration and type, include micelles , monolayers and vesicles . cholesterol molecules in the bilayer assist in regulating fluidity. See also phospholipid OTG ...

Cell membrane

... Cells may vary the variety and the relative amounts of different lipids to maintain the fluidity of their membranes despite changes in temperature. cholesterol molecules (in case of eukaryotes) or hopanoids (in case of prokaryotes) in the bilayer assist in regulating fluidity. Detailed Structure In ...
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