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biosynthesis in Biological Definition

Protein biosynthesis

... Protein biosynthesis is the process in which cells build proteins ... and ending with translation . Protein biosynthesis although very similar, differs between ... 2 Translation 3 Events following biosynthesis 4 External links Transcription ...

Signal transduction

... ." Hormone-initiated signal transduction takes the following steps: biosynthesis of a hormone Storage and secretion of the hormone. ... strength is the hormone concentration, which is regulated by : biosynthesis and secretion of hormones in the endocrine tissue . As an example, the ...

Alternative splicing

... different ripe mRNA molecules and therefore to different proteins. Also viruses have adapted to this biochemical process when using the protein biosynthesis apparatus. When the pre-mRNA has been transcribed from the DNA , it includes several introns and exons . In nematodes , the mean is 4-5 exons ...

Cell biology

... in cell biology Movement of proteins Proteins are synthesized by ribosomes in the cytoplasm . This process is also known as protein biosynthesis or simply protein translation . Some proteins, such as those to be incorporated in membranes ( membrane proteins ), are transported into the ER ...

Cytoskeleton

... encoding actin-like proteins, and these proteins form a helical network beneath the cell membrane that guides the proteins involved in cell wall biosynthesis . Some plasmids encode a partitioning system that involves an actin-like protein ParM . Filaments of ParM exhibit dynamic instability , and may ...

Endosymbiont

... amino acids , and (2) after the Buchnera genome was sequenced, analysis uncovered a large number of genes that likely code for amino acid biosynthesis genes; most bacteria that live inside other organisms do not have such genes, so their existence in Buchnera is noteworthy. Similarly, the primary ...

Endosymbiont

... amino acids , and (2) after the Buchnera genome was sequenced, analysis uncovered a large number of genes that likely code for amino acid biosynthesis genes; most bacteria that live inside other organisms do not have such genes, so their existence in Buchnera is noteworthy. Similarly, the primary ...

Life

... to maintain the living state, such as the performance of mechanical work, the active transport of molecules against concentration gradients, and the biosynthesis of complex molecules." This definition, in use by most biochemists, makes it clear that fire is not alive, because fire releases all the oxidative ...

Metabolism

... the Greek word for "change"), is the biochemical modification of chemical compounds in living organisms and cells . This includes the biosynthesis of complex organic molecules ( anabolism ) and their breakdown ( catabolism ). Metabolism usually consists of sequences of enzymatic steps, ...

Molecular biology

... 190 , 1124 (1961)] Related topics Cell biology (structures and components of the cell) DNA and chromosome structure Protein biosynthesis (transcription from DNA to RNA , translation from RNA into protein ) Protein structure and diversity Notable molecular biologists ...

Nucleolus

... organizers , special regions on some chromosomes that contain multiple copies of the genes encoding for rRNA (which is involved in protein biosynthesis ), gather themselves in the same region where they transcribe the rRNA genes. Thus it can be said the nucleolus consists basically of nucleolar ...

Primary nutritional groups

... source. Energy source refers to the pathways used by the organism to produce ATP, which is required for fueling the anabolic pathways for biosynthesis of the constituents of the cell. An organism is defined phototrophic when it uses light as energy source, whereas it is chemotrophic when it ...

Prion

... propagation does not require direct action of a prion protein on a normal protein, but rather results from a positive feedback loop during the biosynthesis of PrP. In this view, the presence of PrP SC somehow alters the way in which PrP is synthesized, shunting it down an alternative metabolic pathway ...

Splicing (genetics)

... extra As takes extra time to degrade, elongating the mRNA's lifespan. Mutations in the introns can prevent splicing and thus prevent protein biosynthesis . In many cases, the splicing process can create many unique proteins from a large collection of exons. This phenomenon is called alternative ...
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