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adenosine in Biological Definition

Adenosine triphosphate

... ATP, see ATP (disambiguation) adenosine triphosphate ( ATP ) is the nucleotide known ... properties Chemically, ATP consists of adenosine and three phosphate groups. It has the ... hydrolysis yields free inorganic phosphate and adenosine diphosphate , which can be broken down further to ...

ATPase

... enzymes that catalyze the decomposition of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) into adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and a free phosphate ion . ... an inorganic phosphate group to a molecule of adenosine diphosphate (ADP) to form a molecule ...

Nucleoside

... Deoxynucleoside Adenine adenosine A Deoxyadenosine dA Guanine ... Examples of these include cytidine , uridine , adenosine , guanosine , thymidine and inosine . ... Nucleobase Nucleotide DNA RNA adenosine triphosphate (ATP) ...

Nucleotide

... Chemical structures Nucleotides adenosine monophosphate AMP adenosine diphosphate ADP adenosine triphosphate ATP Guanosine monophosphate ...

AMP

... AMP can refer to the following: In biology , the nucleotide adenosine monophosphate As a flavour enhancer , the nucleotide adenosine monophosphate AngryMutantPenguin, a famous fan of The Elder Scrolls ...

ATP synthase

... ( EC 3.6.3.14) is a general term for an enzyme that can synthesize adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and inorganic phosphate by utilizing some form of ...

Coenzyme A

... Coenzyme A ( CoA , CoASH , or HSCoA ) is adapted from pantothenic acid and adenosine triphosphate and used in metabolism in areas such as fatty acid oxidization and the citric acid cycle . Its main function is to carry acyl ...

ADP

... Automatic Data Processing . A Corporation providing Employer, Brokerage, Dealer & Claims Services. Aeroports de Paris adenosine diphosphate AOLserver Dynamic Pages , which are web server extensions designed to return dynamically created documents based on the TCL ...

Electron transfer chain

... energized electrons into a cross-membrane proton gradient. This proton motive force created by the ETC is used to power membrane transporters and adenosine triphosphate synthesis by ATP synthase (aka the F 0 F 1 particle). They are used in photophosphorylation and respiration . In eukaryotes ...

Flavin

... is a tricyclic heteronuclear organic ring whose biochemical source is the vitamin riboflavin . The flavin moiety is often conjugated with an adenosine diphosphate to form flavin adenine dinucleotide ( FAD ), and in other circumstances, is found as flavin mononucleotide (or FMN ), a ...

Flavin

... is a tricyclic heteronuclear organic ring whose biochemical source is the vitamin riboflavin . The flavin moiety is often conjugated with an adenosine diphosphate to form flavin adenine dinucleotide ( FAD ), and in other circumstances, is found as flavin mononucleotide (or FMN ), a ...

Photosynthesis

... along an electron transport chain , similar to that involved in respiration. Their energy is used for photophosphorylation , which produces adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the main "energy currency" in cells. In photosystem I, the electrons are returned to the chlorophyll. In photosystem II, they ...

Hydrolysis

... in metabolic pathways, since many biological processes are driven by the cleavage of anhydrous pyrophosphate bonds. See also adenosine triphosphate biopolymer condensation polymer oleochemical Hydrolysis ...

Redox

... to reduce Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD + ), which then contributes to the creation of a proton gradient , which drives the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and is maintained by the reduction of oxygen. In animal cells, mitochondria perform similar functions. The term redox ...

Photosynthesis

... along an electron transport chain , similar to that involved in respiration. Their energy is used for photophosphorylation , which produces adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the main "energy currency" in cells. In photosystem I, the electrons are returned to the chlorophyll. In photosystem II, they ...

Purine

... and some animal species (e.g. dogs) that lack an intrinsic urease enzyme that can further degrade uric acid. The deficiency of another enzyme, adenosine deaminase , needed to break down adenine, is a cause of severe combined immunodeficiency . Purines from turnover of nucleic acids (or from food) ...

Redox

... to reduce Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD + ), which then contributes to the creation of a proton gradient , which drives the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and is maintained by the reduction of oxygen. In animal cells, mitochondria perform similar functions. The term redox ...
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