... from an infectious agent's DNA called DNA vaccination
, has been developed. It works by insertion ... agent's DNA might have. As of 2003 , DNA vaccination
is still experimental, but shows some promising ... vaccine critics, has existed since the earliest vaccination
campaigns:  .
Prior to 1997 , a number of ...
... eradication of smallpox in the late 1970s .
For this pioneering work in vaccination
Jenner is regarded as the Father of Immunization.
He studied anatomy and ... Fellow of the Royal Society in 1789.
Jenner's papers on vaccination: ...
There is no specific cure for the disease; therefore vaccination
is so important. Treatment is symptomatic and supportive only. Fluid ... the huge number of deaths amongst workers caused by the Yellow Fever. The vaccination
for the fever was first formulated during the second attempt to build the ...
A recombinant vaccine is available to prevent hepatitis B.
Many countries now routinely vaccinate infants against hepatitis B. In many areas, vaccination
against hepatitis B is also required for all healthcare workers. Booster doses are recommended every five to ten years for healthcare workers.
... ensures that most mammals that survive an initial infection by a pathogen are generally immune to further illness caused by that same pathogen. vaccination
exploits this mechanism to produce immunity by way of introducion of an attenuated pathogen. The adaptive immune system is based on immune cells ...
... was known to result in far less scarring and greatly reduced mortality than with the naturally acquired disease. Edward Jenner had also discovered vaccination
, using cowpox to give cross-immunity to smallpox, and by Pasteur's time this had generally replaced the use of actual smallpox material in ...
Varicella zoster virus
... submitted to the U.S. Food and Drugs Administration for approval in 1990 and was approved in 1995. Since then, it has been added to the recommended vaccination
schedules for children in Australia , the United States , and many other countries.
... they use the machinery of their host cells, viruses are difficult to kill. The most effective medical approaches to viral diseases, thus far, are vaccination
to provide resistance to infection, and drugs that treat the symptoms of viral infections. Patients often ask for antibiotics , which are useless ...