... Dialysis and kidney transplants
4.1 Kidney transplant
5 Medical terminology
6 ... now also quite common. The first successful such transplant
was announced on March 4 , 1954 at Peter Bent ... member). There are several advantages to a kidney transplant
from a living donor, including that it is ...
... common. Generally, it is performed in conjunction with liver or kidney transplant
surgery. However, transplantation of only pancreatic beta cells is a ... produced a much higher success rate (about 90% in one group). Beta cell transplant
may become practical, and common, in the near future. Several other ...
... renal failure (or end-stage renal failure , ESRD), the problem is usually longstanding, and decision is based on the possibility of a renal transplant
, complications of the malfunctioning kidney (e.g. hyperkalemia , uremia ) and personal factors (such as tiredness due to the uremia).
... the lack of CD4+ ("helper") T cells and macrophages , which are destroyed by the HIV virus.
Clinical immunologists also study ways to prevent transplant
rejection , in which the immune system attempts to destroy allografts or xenografts .
See main article Immunotherapy
... commonly, liver transplantation is done for fulminant hepatic failure , in which liver failure occurs over days to weeks. Liver allografts for transplant
usually come from non-living donors who have died from fatal brain injury. Living donor liver transplantation is a technique in which a portion of ...
Major histocompatibility complex
... are two types of balancing selection that have been suggested to explain MHC allelic diversity.
Disassortative sexual selection
... monoclonal antibodies
This is a list adapted from information in a 2003 Nature Medicine article and organized according to indication .
Muronomab-CD3 , an Ortho Biotech product Immunotherapy: past, present and future . Nature Medicine 9 , 269-277.