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Terminal in Biological Definition

Photosystem

... 680 nanometers , respectively), and the type of terminal electron acceptor. Type I photosystems use ferredoxin like iron-sulfur cluster proteins as terminal electron acceptors, while type II photosystems ultimately shuffle electrons to a quinone terminal electron acceptor. Structure A ...

Photosystem

... 680 nanometers , respectively), and the type of terminal electron acceptor. Type I photosystems use ferredoxin like iron-sulfur cluster proteins as terminal electron acceptors, while type II photosystems ultimately shuffle electrons to a quinone terminal electron acceptor. Structure A ...

Leaf

... main or mid-vein (called a rachis in this case). odd pinnate: with a terminal leaflet, e.g. Fraxinus (ash). even pinnate: lacking a terminal leaflet, e.g. Swietenia (mahogany). Bipinnately compound ...

Phospholipid

... , an amino alcohol formed from palmitate and serine . The amino terminal is acylated with a by a long-chain acyl CoA to yield ceramide . Subsequent substitution of the terminal hydroxyl group by phosphatidyl choline forms sphingomyelin. ...

Adenosine triphosphate

... fatty acids . Initially glucose is broken down into pyruvate in the cytosol . Two molecules of ATP are generated for each molecule of glucose. The terminal stages of ATP synthesis are carried out in the mitochondrion and can generate up to 36 ATP. ATP in the human body The total quantity of ATP ...

Alcohol

... more details see #Chemistry of alcohols Nomenclature Systematic names In the IUPAC system, the name of the alkane chain loses the terminal "e" and adds "ol", e.g. "methanol" and "ethanol". When necessary, the position of the hydroxyl group is indicated by a number between the alkane ...

Antibody

... composed of one constant and one variable domain of each the heavy and the light chain, which together shape the antigen binding site at the amino terminal end of the monomer. The two variable domains bind the antigens they are specific for and that elicited their production. The ability to bind a ...

Cancer

... specifically with tumor-specific proteins. See also list of cancer patients oncology list of oncology-related terms terminal illness References Cancer: Number one killer (9 November, 2000). BBC News online . Retrieved 2005-01-29. Note 2 : Marilynn ...

Cellular respiration

... oxygen. True anaerobic respiration involves an electron acceptor other than oxygen. Bacteria are capable of using a wide variety of compounds as terminal electron acceptors in respiration: nitrogenous compounds (such as nitrates and nitrites), sulfur compounds (such as sulfates, sulfites, sulfur ...

Chromosome

... Patau Syndrome , also called D-Syndrome or trisomy-13. Symptoms somewhat similar to those of trisomy-18. Jacobsen syndrome , also called the terminal 11q deletion disorder. A very rare disorder. More information at http://www.11q.org . Klinefelters syndrome (XXY). Men with Klinefelter ...

Cilium

... per cell. The outer segment of the rod photoreceptor cell in the human eye is connected to its cell body with a specialized non-motile cilium. The terminal fiber of the olfactory neuron is also a non-motile cilium, where the odorant receptors locate. Almost all types of the mammalian cells have a ...

Morphogenesis

... morphogenesis four types of nuclear specification can be distinguished: Anterior (head and thorax) Posterior (abdomen) Dorso - ventral terminal (special structures at the unsegmented ends of the embryo) Additional segmentation genes Pair rule Two additional classes of ...

Morphogenesis

... morphogenesis four types of nuclear specification can be distinguished: Anterior (head and thorax) Posterior (abdomen) Dorso - ventral terminal (special structures at the unsegmented ends of the embryo) Additional segmentation genes Pair rule Two additional classes of ...

Lipid bilayer

... A DPPC bilayer simulation Color scheme: PO4 = green, N(CH3)3 = violet, water = blue, terminal CH3 = yellow, O = red, glycol C = brown, chain C = grey In biology and chemistry , a lipid bilayer is a membrane or zone of a membrane ...

Synapse

... neuron secretes the neurotransmitter, which binds to receptors facing into the synapse from the post-synaptic cell. The pre-synaptic nerve terminal generally buds from the tip of an axon , while the post-synaptic target surface typically appears on a dendrite , a cell body, or another part of ...
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(Date:4/17/2014)... eight hundred births, Down syndrome - or trisomy 21 ... disability. It results from a chromosomal abnormality where cells ... 21 (1% of the human genome). A study conducted ... of Genetic Medicine and Development at the University of ... , shed light on how the extra chromosome 21 ...
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