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Template in Biological Definition

Polymerase chain reaction

... be amplified. They anneal (adhere) to the DNA template at these starting and ending points, where the ... below which the primer will anneal to the DNA template and above which the primer will dissociate ... for an extended time to ensure that both the template DNA and the primers have completely separated and ...

Primer

... be amplified. They anneal (adhere) to the DNA template at these starting and ending points, where the ... below which the primer will anneal to the DNA template and above which the primer will dissociate ... process. This could hinder the annealing with the template DNA. However, small hairpins are usually ...

DNA

... or disassociating a DNA double helix, and using each DNA strand as a template for synthesizing a new strand which is nearly identical to the previous ... " antisense ". It follows then, somewhat paradoxically, that the template for transcription is the antisense strand. The resulting transcript is ...

Genetic code

... - is inscribed in a DNA molecule. Each functional portion of this molecule is referred to as a gene . Each gene is transcribed into a short template molecule of the related polymer RNA , which is better suited for protein synthesis. This in turn is translated , by mediation of a machinery ...

Genetic code

... - is inscribed in a DNA molecule. Each functional portion of this molecule is referred to as a gene . Each gene is transcribed into a short template molecule of the related polymer RNA , which is better suited for protein synthesis. This in turn is translated , by mediation of a machinery ...

Prion

... molecules of a particular protein come together to form a highly structured amyloid fiber (see figure at left). The end of the fiber acts as a template for the addition of free protein molecules, causing the fiber to grow. Small differences in the amino acid sequence of prion-forming regions lead to ...

Protein biosynthesis

... reticulum . A 5’ cap is added to the mRNA to protect it from degradation. A poly-A tail is added on the 3’ end for protection and as a template for further process. Translation Main article: Translation During translation, the message of mRNA is decoded to make proteins . ...

RNA

... enzyme. RNA is then synthesised so that it is complementary to one of strands in the DNA . The strand from which the RNA is encoded is called the template strand ; the opposite strand is called the coding strand (so called because it logically has the equivalent nucleotide sequence of the new RNA ...

Virus

... RNA. In the first process, the viral RNA is directly copied using an enzyme called RNA replicase . This enzyme then uses that RNA copy as a template to make hundreds of duplicates of the original RNA. A second group of RNA-containing viruses, called the retroviruses , uses the enzyme reverse ...

Y chromosome

... chromosome pairs swap damaged genes out and replace them with a copy of undamaged genes. Gene sequences on chromosomes are fixed by following the template on the homologous chromosome . This repair technique is called recombination, and repairs a great many errors. Errors not caught by this technique ...
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