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Scientist in Biological Definition

Ebola

... Ebola–Cte d'Ivoire In 1994, a scientist became ill after conducting an autopsy on a wild chimpanzee . The scientist recovered 6 . Not much is known about this form ... efficiency of it must be considered. In 1999, scientist Maurice Iwu announced at the International ...

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

... ( October 24 , 1632 - August 26 , 1723 ) was a tradesman and scientist from Delft , in the Netherlands . He is best known for his contribution ... Royal Academy presents (every 10 years) the Leeuwenhoek medal to the scientist judged to have made the decade's most significant finding in microbiology. ...

Artificial life

... life through the use of human-made analogs of living systems. Computer scientist Christopher Langton coined the term in the late 1980s when he held ... afford sophisticated computers. In 1982, brilliant and controversial scientist Stephen Wolfram turned his attention to cellular automata. He explored ...

Antibiotic

... History Following earlier experiments that had demonstrated interesting anti-bacterial effects from various bacterial secretions, the German scientist E. de Freudenreich in 1888 isolated a bacterial secretion and noted its antibacterial properties. Pyocyanase, secreted by Bacillus pyocyaneus, ...

Biologist

... A biologist is a scientist devoted to and producing results in biology through the study of organisms . Typically biologists study organisms and their relationship to their ...

BLAST

... to look for sequences that resemble a given sequence of interest. For example, following the discovery of a previously unknown gene in the mouse , a scientist typically will perform a BLAST search of the human genome to see if human beings carry a similar gene; BLAST will identify sequences in the human ...

Carolus Linnaeus

... as Carl von Linn , and who wrote under the Latinized name Carolus Linnaeus ( May 23 , 1707 – January 10 , 1778 ), was a Swedish scientist who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of taxonomy . He is also considered one of the fathers of modern ecology (see History of ecology ...

Epigenetics

... Concept of Epigenetics. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 981:82-96 (2002). Joshua Lederberg , "The Meaning of Epigenetics", The scientist 15 (18):6, Sep. 17, 2001 . C.H. Waddington ( 1942 ), "The epigenotype" Endeavour 1 , 18–20. R.A. Waterland, R.L. Jirtle, ...

Gene

... HUGO HUGO Gene Nomenclature Committee, HGNC Genew the Human Gene Nomenclature Database Recount slashes number of human genes (from New scientist magazine) National Human Genome Research Institute - News Release Nature - 21 October 2004 - Finishing the euchromatic sequence of the human ...

Genetic fingerprinting

... amplification of specific regions of DNA that are known to be highly variable from one individual to another. This amplification process allows the scientist to start with a very small amount of material, and the outcome is a highly discriminating outcome, with the chance of a random match being in the 1 ...

Genetics

... and the variation of organisms . The word genetics was first applied to describe the study of inheritance and the science of variation by English scientist William Bateson in a letter to Adam Sedgewick, dated April 18 , 1905 . Humans began applying knowledge of genetics in prehistory with the ...

Glycome

... Caenorhabditis Elegans a microscopic worm, whose entire genome is already sequenced) "Glycobiology Goes to the Ball" by Jeffrey M. Perkel, The scientist on April 29 2002 . 'GlycoChip' 'The Sweet Spot' (an article, primarily aimed at discussing the technological aspects of the glycome ...

Glycomics

... , which is the computational organization and processing of sequence data. External links An article on glycomics appeared New scientist 26 October , 2002 . It provides a broad insight into some of the challenges and opportunties posed by glycomics, as of 2002. ...

Human

... the extent to which the mind constructs, rather than simply experiences, the outer world, and whether the concept of mind even makes sense. Cognitive scientist Daniel Dennett , for example, argues that there is no such thing as a narrative center called mind, but that instead there is simply a collection of ...

Louis Pasteur

... in 1846. He studied chemistry , but showed little promise at first (one of his professors described him as "mediocre"). Nevertheless, he became a scientist . Work on chirality and the polarization of light In his early work as a chemist he resolved a problem concerning the nature of tartaric acid ...

Lynn Margulis

... and 1998. She is also a proponent and co-developer of the modern version of Gaia theory , based on an idea developed by the English atmospheric scientist James Lovelock . She was the first wife of astronomer Carl Sagan , and mother of popular science writer and co-author Dorion Sagan . ...

Malaria

... and Training in Tropical Diseases story of the discovery of the vector of the malarial parasite History of discoveries in malaria New scientist - New Malaria Vaccine Raises High Hopes 15 October 2004 BBC - Hopes of Malaria Vaccine by 2010 15 October 2004 BBC - Science shows how ...

Microscope

... angles to the left and right eyes. In this way it produces a three-dimensional (3-D) visualisation of the sample being examined. scientist using a stereo microscope outfitted with a digital imaging pick-up The stereo microscope is often used to study the surfaces of solid specimens ...

Paleontology

... who have done much to expand our understanding of long-term patterns in the evolution of life on earth. The same is the case with Croatian scientist Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger and his discovery of the "Krapina Man ". Other paleontologists include Yves Coppens . More modern figures in ...

Blood type

... in hemostasis (control of bleeding). In fact, blood type O predisposes very slightly to bleeding, as vWF is degraded more rapidly. Austrian scientist Karl Landsteiner was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1930 for his work in discovering ABO blood types. Rhesus ...

Rudolf Steiner

... World's Apart , philosopher Richard Tarnas' Passion of the Western Mind , cultural critic Theodore Roszak's Unfinished Animal . See also computer scientist Joseph Weizenbaum's comments on Steiner, or those of Albert Schweitzer. Andrei Belyi, the great Russian symbolist writer, was also profoundly ...

Stem cell

... of ethics William May and biologist Elizabeth Blackburn . In their place, he appointed pediatric neurosurgeon Dr. Benjamin Carson , political scientist Dr. Diana Schaub , and professor of government Dr. Peter Lawler , all of whom have expressed a more cautionary view towards embryonic stem cell ...
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