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Rough in Biological Definition

Endoplasmic reticulum

... 1 Structure 1.1 rough ER 1.2 Smooth ER 2 Functions ... apparatus. (1) Nucleus. (2) Nuclear pore. (3) rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER). (4) Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER). (5) Ribosome on the rough ER. (6) Proteins that are transported. (7) ...

Golgi apparatus

... the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), specifically rough ER, are transported to the Golgi apparatus, ... apparatus: (1) Nucleus, (2) Nuclear pore, (3) rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), (4) Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER), (5) Ribosome on the rough ER, (6) Proteins that are transported, (7) ...

Endoplasmic reticulum

... 1 Structure 1.1 rough ER 1.2 Smooth ER 2 Functions ... apparatus. (1) Nucleus. (2) Nuclear pore. (3) rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER). (4) Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER). (5) Ribosome on the rough ER. (6) Proteins that are transported. (7) ...

Endoplasmic reticulum

... 1 Structure 1.1 rough ER 1.2 Smooth ER 2 Functions ... apparatus. (1) Nucleus. (2) Nuclear pore. (3) rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER). (4) Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER). (5) Ribosome on the rough ER. (6) Proteins that are transported. (7) ...

Endoplasmic reticulum

... 1 Structure 1.1 rough ER 1.2 Smooth ER 2 Functions ... apparatus. (1) Nucleus. (2) Nuclear pore. (3) rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER). (4) Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER). (5) Ribosome on the rough ER. (6) Proteins that are transported. (7) ...

Leaf

... glandular: with a gland at the tip of the hair. hirsute: with rather rough or stiff hairs. hispid: with rigid, bristly hairs. hispidulous: ... hairs. pubescent: with soft, short and erect hairs. scabrous, scabrid: rough to the touch sericeous: silky appearance through fine, straight and ...

Bioinformatics

... building computational models of populations and watching their behavior over time. The field of genetic algorithms might be described as the rough inverse of CEB --- rather than investigating evolution through computer programs, it aims to improve computer programs through evolutionary ...

Bone

... process Epicondyle a projection near to a condyle but not part of the joint Line , Ridge a long, thin projection, often with a rough surface Crest a prominent ridge Facet a small. smooth articular surface Foramen an opening through a bone ...

Cell nucleus

... separating the chemical reactions taking place in cytoplasm from reactions happening within the nucleus. The outer membrane is continuous with the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) and may be studded with ribosomes . The space between the two membranes (called the "perinuclear space") is continuous ...

Bioinformatics

... building computational models of populations and watching their behavior over time. The field of genetic algorithms might be described as the rough inverse of CEB --- rather than investigating evolution through computer programs, it aims to improve computer programs through evolutionary ...

Eukaryote

... extensions of the nuclear membrane form what is called the endoplasmic reticulum or ER, which is involved in protein transport. It includes rough sections where ribosomes are attached, and the proteins they synthesize enter the interior space or lumen. Subsequently, they generally enter ...

Genomics

... organism to be sequenced was that of Haemophilus influenzae (1.8Mb) in 1995 , and since then genomes are being sequenced at a rapid pace. A rough draft of the human genome was completed by the Human Genome Project in early 2001 amid much fanfare. The growth of the "omics" Main ...

Human Genome Project

... cooperation and advances in the field of genomics (especially in sequence analysis ), as well as huge advances in computing technology, a rough draft of the genome was finished in 2000 (announced jointly by US president Bill Clinton and British Prime Minister Tony Blair on June 26 , ...

Life

... model of the origin of life, however most currently accepted models build in one way or another upon the following discoveries, which are listed in a rough order of postulated emergence: Plausible pre-biotic conditions result in the creation of the basic small molecules of life. This was demonstrated ...

Neuron

... microscopic clumps of Nissl substance (named after German psychiatrist and neuropathologist Franz Nissl , 1860–1919), which consists of rough endoplasmic reticulum and associated ribosomes . The prominence of the Nissl substance can be explained by the fact that nerve cells are ...

Origin of life

... model of the origin of life, however most currently accepted models build in one way or another upon the following discoveries, which are listed in a rough order of postulated emergence: Plausible pre-biotic conditions result in the creation of the basic small molecules of life. This was ...

Proteomics

... type under a particular type of stimulation, are referred to as the proteome of the organism or cell type respectively. With completion of a rough draft of the human genome, many researchers are now looking at how genes and proteins interact to form other proteins. A surprising finding of the ...

Ribosome

... When certain proteins are synthesized by a ribosome, it can become "membrane-bound", associated with the membrane of the nucleus and the rough endoplasmic reticulum (in eukaryotes only) for the time of synthesis. They insert the freshly produced polypeptide chains directly into the ER, ...
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