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Residue in Biological Definition

Enzyme

... transfer a phosphate group to an amino acid residue of a protein Protein phosphatases : those ... take off a phosphate group from an amino acid residue of a protein Restriction enzymes : those ... which transfer phosphate groups to a tyrosine residue in a protein Tyrosinase Urease : ...

Amino acid

... to refer to alpha amino acids: those amino acids in which the amino and carboxylate functionalities are attached to the same carbon . Amino acid residue is what is left of an amino acid once a water molecule has been lost (an H+ from the nitrogenous side and an OH- from the carboxylic side) ...

Drosophila

... the summer or can over winter in warm places." (Weigmann, 2003) They appear on over-ripe fruit in kitchens, they swarm in thousands about the residue produced by the pressing of grapes or apples for wine. They nibble on marmalade and other preserves, and wherever vinegar is standing open, they are ...

Isozyme

... case it will probably result in low fitness and be removed from the population by natural selection . (2) Alternatively, if the amino acid residue that is changed is in a relatively unimportant part of the enzyme, for example a long way from the active site then the mutation may be ...

Lipase

... built on a alpha/beta hydrolase fold (see image below) and employ a chymotrypsin-like hydrolysis mechanism involving a serine nucleophile, an acid residue (usually aspartic acid), and a histidine. Some lipases work within the interior spaces of living cells to degrade lipids. In the example of ...

Peptide

... "digestable"), are the family of molecules formed from the linking, in a defined order, of various amino acids . The link between one amino acid residue and the next is an amide bond , and is sometimes referred to as a peptide bond . An amide bond is somewhat shorter than a typical ...

Peptide

... "digestable"), are the family of molecules formed from the linking, in a defined order, of various amino acids . The link between one amino acid residue and the next is an amide bond , and is sometimes referred to as a peptide bond . An amide bond is somewhat shorter than a typical ...

Secondary structure

... bonded turn (3, 4 or 5 turn) E = beta sheet in parallel and/or anti-parallel sheet conformation (extended strand). Min length 2 residues. B = residue in isolated beta-bridge (single pair beta-sheet hydrogen bond formation) S = bend (the only non-hydrogen-bond based assignment) In DSSP ...
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