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Plants in Biological Definition

Alga

... . They are generally regarded as simple plants , and some are related to the higher plants . Others represent independent lines of ... Green algae , together with higher plants Red algae Glaucophytes In these ...

Biology

... when atmospheric carbon dioxide levels rise, plants are able to grow better and thus remove more ... and zoology . Botany is the scientific study of plants . Botany covers a wide range of scientific ... and developmental mechanisms of animals and plants is studied in molecular biology , molecular ...

Biodiversity

... 70 % of the promising anti-cancer drugs come from plants in the tropical rainforests . Animal may also ... represent 8% of the recorded species, with 47,000 plants species and 81,000 animals. See also : ... allow the preservation of large populations of plants with minimal genetic erosion. The threat to ...

Botany

... , development , diseases , and evolution of plants . Nearly all the food we eat comes (directly and indirectly) from plants like this American long grain rice. This is one ... of whole plants. At the top end of this scale, plants can be studied in populations, communities and ...

Crassulacean acid metabolism

... fixation pathway in some photosynthetic plants . CAM is usually found in plants living under arid conditions, including those ... in, the crassulaceae . Synopsis plants that are adapted to drier climates are called ...

C4 carbon fixation

... is a common metabolic pathway found in land plants ( C4 plants ). They are competitively superior to plants possessing the more common C3 pathway under the ...

Crassulacean acid metabolism

... fixation pathway in some photosynthetic plants . CAM is usually found in plants living under arid conditions, including those ... in, the crassulaceae . Synopsis plants that are adapted to drier climates are called ...

Charles Darwin

... ruin. He embarked on extensive experiments with plants and consultations with animal husbanders ... in evolutionary psychology . His work on plants now produced a series of books, then he turned ... by insects 1868 – Variation of plants and Animals Under Domestication (PDF Format) ...

Digestion

... 3 Digestive hormones 4 Digestion in plants and fungi Human digestion See: ... the emptying in the stomach. Digestion in plants and fungi Not only animals digest food. Some carnivorous plants capture other organisms, usually invertebrate ...

Drug

... non-judgmental information about psychoactive plants and chemicals and related issues. Working with ... resource for information on psychoactive plants and chemicals including first-person reports of ... Survey on the Use and Abuse of Mind-Altering plants (1998) ISBN 0892817836 Essential ...

Eukaryote

... - bound nuclei . They include the animals , plants , and fungi , which are mostly multicellular, as ... such as hydrogenosomes and mitosomes . plants and various groups of algae also have plastids ... protozoa Plantae sensu lato Land plants , green and red algae Chromista ...

Fungus

... group of living things, originally considered plants but now treated as the separate kingdom Fungi. ... itching to death . Other parasitic fungi infect plants , causing diseases such as butt rot and making ... to toppling. The vast majority of vascular plants are associated with mutualistic fungi, called ...

Hermaphrodite

... vertebrates. See below for use of the term in plants . Note: The term "hermaphrodite" has ... 1 In animals 2 In plants 3 Etymology 4 Reference In ... or female anatomy shortly after birth. In plants Hermaphrodite is used in botany to ...

Photosynthesis

... is a biochemical process in which plants , algae , and some bacteria harness the energy ... 1 Photosynthesis in plants 2 Photosynthesis in algae and bacteria ... 8 External links Photosynthesis in plants ...

Leaf

... the tissues. Leaves are also the sites in most plants where respiration , transpiration , and ... food and water , and are modified in some plants for other purposes. The comparable structures of ... assimilates ). In ferns and most flowering plants the mesophyll is divided into two layers: an ...

Meiosis

... of meiosis (during S phase ). Most animals and plants are normally diploid, and use meiosis to produce ... reproduction gains emphasis (examples include plants and hydras ). The mechanistic differences ... in mitosis. Cytokinesis may occur. Note that many plants simply skip telophase I and interphase II, going ...

Osmoregulation

... Forms of osmoregulation 3 Osmoregulation in plants 4 Osmoregulation in protoctists and animals ... all the excess water. Osmoregulation in plants There are no specific osmoregulation organs in higher plants . Control of water intake and loss is by means ...

Photosynthesis

... is a biochemical process in which plants , algae , and some bacteria harness the energy ... 1 Photosynthesis in plants 2 Photosynthesis in algae and bacteria ... 8 External links Photosynthesis in plants ...

Alga

... . They are generally regarded as simple plants , and some are related to the higher plants . Others represent independent lines of ... Green algae , together with higher plants Red algae Glaucophytes In these ...

Plant

... Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes ... Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses ...

Plant

... Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes ... Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses ...

Species

... taken in combination. This is often the case with plants in particular. In eucalypts , for example, ... that determined consanguinity based on color (all plants with yellow flowers) or behavior (snakes, ... use Linnaeus' taxonomy to identify individual plants and animals, but one can no longer think of ...

Stoma

... carbon dioxide, is found in the atmosphere, most plants require the stoma to be open during daytime. The problem is that during hot weather, this causes plants to lose huge amounts of water through ... is known as the stoma paradox . A small group of plants evolved with a solution to the paradox; they open ...

Xylem

... Tracheids and vessel elements In vascular plants , the xylem is the tissue that carries water ... of insects and xylem cells. In perennial plants , xylem is laid down in multiple phases. Primary ... transpiration of water from leaves. In larger plants such as trees, the root pressure and ...

Zoology

... include studies of mechanisms common to both plants and animals. The biology of animals is covered ... and developmental mechanisms of animals and plants is studied in molecular biology , molecular ... Evolutionary biology of both animals and plants is considered in the articles on evolution , ...

Adenosine triphosphate

... of nucleic acids . ATP molecules are also used to store the energy plants make in cellular respiration . Contents ... under the catalytic influence of ATP synthase or in the case of plants in chloroplasts by photosynthesis . The main fuels for ATP synthesis ...

Animal

... later on. Aristotle divided the living world between animals and plants , and this was followed by Carolus Linnaeus in the first hierarchial ... structures possible. In contrast, other multicellular organisms like plants and fungi have cells held in place by cell walls , so develop by ...

Carolus Linnaeus

... and pistils of flowers lay the basis for the classification of plants , and he wrote a short work on the subject that earned him the position of ... far beyond contributing so-called scientific names to many of the world's plants and animals. Linnaeus developed, during the great 18th century expansion ...

Cellulose

... , of beta-glucose . It forms the primary structural component of plants and is not digestible by humans . History and Applications ... walls, where they are meshed into a carbohydrate matrix , helping keep plants rigid. Given a cellulose material, the portion that does not dissolve in ...

Cryptozoology

... mammals 2.6 Sea and lake monsters 2.7 Reptiles 2.8 Birds 2.9 plants 2.10 Others 2.11 General terms for cryptids 3 See also ... Birds Moa Thunderbird Dodo Phoenix or " fire bird " plants Carnivorous trees Others Anano Ikal Mapinguary ...

Evolution

... 2 billion years ago. In the last billion years, simple multicellular plants and animals began to appear in the oceans. Soon after the emergence of the ... body plans, or phyla , of modern animals. About 500 million years ago, plants and fungi colonized the land, and were soon followed by arthropods ...

Experimental evolution

... out evolution experiments for as long as they have been domesticating plants and animals. Selective breeding of plants and animals has led to varieties that differ dramatically from their ...

Gamete

... a spermatozoon (or sperm). The equivalent "male" structure in higher plants is called a pollen grain . Organs that produce gametes are called gonads in animals , and archegonia or antheridia in plants . Gametes are haploid cells; that is, they contain one complete set ...

Genetics

... of genetics in prehistory with the domestication and breeding of plants and animals. In modern research, genetics provides important tools in the ... Gregor Mendel first traced inheritance patterns of certain traits in pea plants and showed that they obeyed simple statistical rules. Although not all ...

Glucose

... carbohydrates and is used as a source of energy in animals and plants . Glucose is one of the main products of photosynthesis and starts ... D -glyceraldehyde. Synthesis The product of photosynthesis in plants and some prokaryotes . Formed in the liver and skeletal muscle by the ...

Heterotroph

... are heterotrophic, as well as fungi and many bacteria . Some parasitic plants have also turned fully or partially heterotrophic, whereas carnivorous plants use their flesh diet to augment their nitrogen supply, but are still ...

Insectivore

... , hornets , ladybugs , and praying mantises . Insectivorous plants also exist, including the Venus flytrap , several species of pitcher plants , butterworts , and sundews . They are generally native to poor soils ...

Marine biology

... Plant life is relatively rare undersea, most of the niche occupied by plants on land is actually occupied by macroscopic algae in the ocean, such as Sargassum and kelp . The plants that do survive in the sea are often found in shallow waters, such as the ...

Marcello Malpighi

... holes in their skin called tracheae . Later he falsely concluded that plants had similar tubules. He was the first to see capillaries and discovered ... studies, he was also one of the rare contemporary scholars who studied plants ; he published his findings in a book Anatomia Plantarum in 1671 . It ...

Mendelian inheritance

... his theory on experiments involving the cross- pollination between two plants or self-pollinatation with a single plant. Based on many years of careful, ... the foresight to look through several successive generations of his pea plants and record their variations. Without his careful attention to procedure ...
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