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Pancreas in Biological Definition

Diabetes mellitus

... Insulin is produced by beta cells in the pancreas in response to rising levels of glucose in the ... beta cells in the Islets of Langerhans of the pancreas , destroying them or damaging them sufficiently ... still do. The discovery of the role of the pancreas in diabetes is generally credited to Joseph Von ...

Enzyme

... in inactive form as chymotrypsinogen in the pancreas and transported in this form to the stomach ... prevents the enzyme from harmful digestion of the pancreas or other tissue. This type of inactive precursor ... in human saliva and also released by the pancreas Angiotensin converting enzyme ATPases : ...

Insulin

... is produced in the Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas ) is a polypeptide hormone that regulates ... in Berlin , was studying the structure of the pancreas under a new microscope when he noticed some ... German physician Oscar Minkowski removed the pancreas from a healthy dog to demonstrate this assumed ...

Digestion

... in the duodenum and signals the secretion of sodium bicarbonate in the pancreas and it stimulates the bile secretion in the liver . This hormone ... is in the duodenum and stimulates the release of digestive enzymes in the pancreas and stimulates the emptying of bile in the gall bladder . This hormone is ...

Anatomy

... or large intestine Diaphragm Ear Eye Heart Kidney Labia Larynx Liver Lung Nose Ovary Pharynx pancreas Penis Placenta Rectum Skin Small intestine Spleen Stomach Tongue Uterus Bones in the human skeleton ...

Homeostasis

... involves the decomposition of fat to produce heat. Sweating cools the body with the use of evaporation . Chemical regulation The pancreas produces insulin and glucagon to control blood-sugar concentration. The lungs take in oxygen and give off carbon dioxide . The kidneys ...

Isozyme

... hexokinases), allows it to serve different functions in cells of specific organs, such as control of insulin release by the beta cells of the pancreas , or initiation of glycogen synthesis by liver cells. Both of these processes must only occur when glucose is abundant, or problems occur. ...

Liver

... first several hundred cases. Analogous organs Arthropods have a digestive gland that functions like a combination of the liver and the pancreas . In insects this organ is known as the fat body . References The following are standard medical textbooks. Eugene R. Schiff, Michael ....

Signal transduction

... cytosol near the receptor will cause it to release even more Ca 2+ . It is especially important in neurons and muscle cells . In heart and pancreas cells, another second messenger (cyclic ADP ribose ) takes part in the receptor activation. The localized and time-limited activity of Ca 2+ ...
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