... in a multicellular organism . In contrast to necrosis
, which is a form of cell death that results from ... or pathogenic infection (cell death by necrosis
). Instead of swelling and bursting - hence ... present at each step of these pathways.
factor ( TNF ), a 157 amino acid inter-cellular ...
... internal bleeding, or hemorrhage .
Circulation blockage can also create many medical conditions from ischemia in the short term to tissue necrosis
and gangrene in the long term.
Hemophilia is a genetic illness that causes dysfunction in one of the blood's clotting mechanisms . This can ...
peripheral neuropathy which, particularly when combined with damaged blood vessesls, can lead to foot ulcers, and possibly progressing to necrosis
, infection and gangrene , sometimes requiring limb amputation , see below
nephropathy (due to microangiopathy ) which can lead to renal ...
... progress to vomiting , diarrhea , oropharyngeal lesions , conjunctivitis , organ damage (notably the kidney and liver ) by co-localized necrosis
, proteinuria (the presence of proteins in urine), and bleeding both internal and external, commonly through the gastrointestinal tract . Death ...
Single-stranded RNA satellite viruses
Sugroup 1: Chronic bee-paralysis satellite virus
Subgroup 2: Tobacco necrosis
Satellite nucleic acids
Single-stranded satellite DNAs
Double-stranded satellite RNAs
Single-stranded satellite ...