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Mitochondrial in Biological Definition

Apoptosis

... or its mouse homolog, called DIABLO), a mitochondrial protein, is released into the cytosol . SMAC ... understood. But it has been found that a mitochondrial outer-membrane protein, VDAC2, interacts with BAK ... VDAC2: BAK and BAX are activated, and the mitochondrial outer-membrane becomes permeable, aparently these ...

ATP synthase

... particles of 9 nm diameter that pepper the inner mitochondrial membrane. They were originally called elementary ... , were ATP synthase is located in the inner mitochondrial membrane (so that F 1 -part sticks into mitochondrial matrix, were ATP synthesis takes place). ...

Electron transfer chain

... humans, an ETC is found spanning the inner mitochondrial membrane and accepts electrons from electron ... , shuttles these electrons from within the mitochondrial matrix across the inner mitochondrial membrane into the intermembrane space, where the ...

Human

... During the 1990s , variations in human mitochondrial DNA were recognized as a valuable source for ... Since the human embryo normally takes its mitochondrial DNA from its mother's egg and not from the sperm , variations in human mitochondrial DNA provide a means of identifying those ...

Mitochondrion

... 1 Mitochondrion structure 1.1 The mitochondrial membranes 1.2 The mitochondrial matrix 2 mitochondrial functions 2.1 Energy conversion ...

Mitochondrion

... 1 Mitochondrion structure 1.1 The mitochondrial membranes 1.2 The mitochondrial matrix 2 mitochondrial functions 2.1 Energy conversion ...

Paternity testing

... also have their own genetic material termed the mitochondrial genome . mitochondrial DNA comes only from the mother, without any ... a relationship based on comparison of the mitochondrial genome is much easier than that based on the ...

Ion gradient

... takes place in mitochondria , were ATP synthase is located in the inner mitochondrial membrane (so that F 1 -part sticks into mitochondrial matrix, were ATP synthesis takes place). See also Transmembrane ...

Intermembrane space

... for the functioning of these organelles . Enzymes destined for the mitochondrial matrix or the stroma can bypass the intermembrane space via transport ... of the proton gradient which results when protons are pumped from the mitochondrial matrix into the intermembrane space during electron transport . The ...

Oxidative phosphorylation

... is the plasma membrane , and in eukaryotes it is the inner of the two mitochondrial membranes . NADH and FADH 2 , electron carrier molecules that were ... intermembrane space against the gradient, they now can flow back into the mitochondrial matrix via the ATP synthase, generating ATP in the process. The reaction ...

Chemiosmotic hypothesis

... functioned as a kind of electrochemical capacitor , using the energy of NADH and FADH 2 to create a proton gradient across the mitochondrial membrane and that this energy was used by a reversible proton pump , the ATP synthase , to create ATP . This was a radical proposal at the ...

Cloning

... all of the genetic information of a lifeform, the "host" egg cell will develop into an organism genetically identical to the nucleus "donor". mitochondrial DNA , which is not transferred by this process, is generally ignored as its effects on organisms are thought to be relatively minor. The term ...

Diabetes mellitus

... , past gestational diabetes , polycystic ovary syndrome , chronic pancreatitis , hepatic steatosis (fatty liver), cystic fibrosis , several mitochondrial neuropathies and myopathies, myotonic dystrophy , Friedreich's ataxia , some of the inherited forms of neonatal hyperinsulinism and many others. ...

Genetics

... in genetics List of genetics research organizations genetic counseling genetic testing List of geneticists & biochemists mitochondrial genetics Publications Genetics Journal of Genetics Annals of Human Genetics Heredity External links Related ...

Genomics

... Archaea to Eubacteria . It has also been noticed that bacterial genes exist in eukaryotic nuclear genomes and that these genes generally encode mitochondrial and plastid proteins, giving support to the endosymbiotic theory of the origin of these organelles . Genetic similarity It is often ...
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