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Memory in Biological Definition

Long-term potentiation

... is commonly regarded as the cellular basis of memory . Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") ... the man to be startled. These theories about memory formation were unfortunately foresighted. ... of Per Andersen [20] . He tested the spatial memory of two groups of rats, one whose hippocampi were ...

Memory

... computer memory, see computer storage . memory is a property of the human mind : the ability to retain information. memory is much studied by cognitive psychology and ... . There are multiple types of classifications for memory based on duration, nature and retrieval of ...

Memory B cell

... memory B cells are B cells that although activated by ... the body has already encountered invades, memory B cells can recognize the pathogen and start to ... Quickly, they form a new generation of cells, and memory cells. The new generation kills off the pathogen ...

Olfaction

... Odor information is easily stored in long term memory and has strong connections to emotional memory . This is possibly due to the olfactory system's ... Stopfer, M. and Laurent, G. (1999). Short-term memory in olfactory network dynamics, Nature 402, ...

Brain

... Functions of the brain are responsible for cognition , emotion , memory , motor learning and other sorts of learning . The brain is primarily ... areas of the brain, sometimes causing major deficits in intelligence , memory and control of the body. Head trauma, caused by automobile accidents or ...

Helper T cell

... T H cell proliferates and differentiates into activated T H cells and memory T H cells. Activated T H cells secrete cytokines , proteins or ... Th2 cells produce interleukin-4 , interleukin-5 and interleukin-13. memory T H cells are specific to the antigen they first encountered and can be ...

Limbic system

... such as aggression , fear , pleasure and also in the formation of memory . The limbic system affects the endocrine system and the autonomic ... thalamus : hippocampus : involved in the formation of long-term memory amygdala : involved in aggression and fear cingulate gyrus (the ...

Replication

... Another example of using replication one may find in distributed shared memory systems, where it may happened that many nodes of the system share the same page of the memory - which usually means, that each node have separate copy (replica) of this ...

Antibiotic

... is that we will eventually fail to keep up in this race, and the time when people did not fear life-threatening bacterial infections will be just a memory of a golden era. Another example of selection is Staphylococcus aureus , which could be treated successfully with penicillin in the 1940s and ...

Antibody

... with the δ heavy chain. These immunoglobulins are probably involved in the development of differentiated B-lymphocytes into plasma and memory cells. IgE IgE is a monomeric immunoglobulin with the heavy chain ε. It contains a lot of carbon hydrates. Its molecular mass is 190 ...

B cell

... B cells secrete antibodies which effect the destruction of antigens by binding to them and making them easier targets for phagocytes . memory B cells are formed specific to the antigen(s) encountered during the primary immune response; able to live for a long time, these cells can respond ...

Down syndrome

... are commonly found in both Down syndrome and Alzheimer's individuals. Layer II of the entorhinal cortex and the subiculum , both critical for memory consolidation , are among the first affected by the damage. A gradual decrease in the number of nerve cells throughout the cortex follows. A few ...

Immune system

... 0815341016 . NCBI makes the 5th edition availiable electronically at [2] . See also antigen /antigenic determinant / epitope / hapten / memory cell autoimmune disorders CD4 receptor /CD8 receptor / perforin / apoptosis /clonal selection immunosuppression immunosuppressive ...

Magnetic resonance imaging

... with the gradient increasing in each of the three dimensional planes is applied in sequence. When received, the signals are recorded in a temporary memory termed K-space ; this is the spatial frequency weighting in two or three dimensions of a real space object as sampled by MRI. The information is ...

Muscle

... as those involved in posture often are controlled from nuclei in the brain stem and basal ganglia . Afferent leg Sometimes known as muscle memory , the sense of where our bodies are in space is called proprioception , the perception of body awareness. More easily demonstrated than explained, ...

Phylogenetics

... of organisms based on how closely they are related in terms of evolutionary differences. See also Phylogeny , Phylogenetic memory Molecular phylogeny Bioinformatics ...

Prion

... cells to die, ensuring that only related colonies obtain the benefit of sharing resources [1] . Prions have also been speculatively linked to memory [2] and cellular differentiation , the process by which stem cells take on specialized functions (such as muscle or blood cells). ...
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