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Mathematical in Biological Definition

Mathematical biology

... mathematical biology or biomathematics is an ... modelling natural, biological processes using mathematical techniques and tools. It has both practical and ... Below is a list of some areas of research in mathematical biology and links to related projects in various ...

Operator

... 2.1 Notations 3 Examples of mathematical operators 3.1 Linear operators 3.2 ... case operator is synonymous with the usual mathematical sense of operation . To draw attention to the ... would be represented as Examples of mathematical operators This section concentrates on ...

Bioinformatics

... in projects in bioinformatics and computational biology is the use of mathematical tools to extract useful information from noisy data produced by ... biology — computer science — informatics — mathematical biology — theoretical biology Bibliography R. Durbin, ....

Bioinformatics

... in projects in bioinformatics and computational biology is the use of mathematical tools to extract useful information from noisy data produced by ... biology — computer science — informatics — mathematical biology — theoretical biology Bibliography R. Durbin, ....

Artificial life

... in alife and CAs in the early 1970s ; one of its students, Tommaso Toffoli argued in his PhD thesis that the field should not be overlooked as a mathematical curiosity, because its results were so powerful in explaining the simple rules that underlay complex effects in nature. Toffoli later provided a key ...

Biomechanics

... study of biomechanics. By applying the laws and concepts of physics, biomechanical mechanisms and structures can be simulated and studied. Relevant mathematical tools include linear algebra , differential equations , vector and tensor calculus , and computational techniques such as the finite element ...

Brain

... constantly changing their connectivity and sensitivity. More recent work in both neuroscience and artificial intelligence models the brain using the mathematical tools of chaos theory and dynamical systems . Interfacing brains with machines The activity of a brain can be detected by electrodes, ...

Competitive exclusion principle

... to extinction of the second competitor in the long run. The competitive exclusion principle is a theoretical concept that follows from abstract mathematical modeling . The conditions under which competitive exclusion must hold are not very well understood; several natural ecosystems are known in which ...

Digital organism

... and evolves . Digital organisms are used as a tool to study the dynamics of Darwinian evolution , and to test or verify specific hypotheses or mathematical models of evolution. Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 History 2 Systems for digital organisms research 3 External ...

Equilibrium

... Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons (1988). Nash equilibrium: A. Mehlmann, The Game's Afoot! Game Theory in Myth and Paradox, American mathematical Society (2000). ...

Eugenics

... separate camps of eugenics advocates, one of statisticians, the other of biologists (the former thought the latter to be exceptionally crude in their mathematical models, while the latter thought the former to be ignorant of actual biology). The "biometrical" school of the study of variation in humans (and ...

Evolution

... of processes: mutation, gene flow, genetic drift, as well as natural selection. Population genetics is the branch of biology that provides the mathematical structure for the study of the process of microevolution. Macroevolution works through large-scale changes in gene-frequencies in a population ...

Ewens's sampling formula

... 3, pages 87—112, 1972. J.F.C. Kingman, "Random partitions in population genetics", Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A, mathematical and Physical Sciences , volume 361, number 1704, 1978. ...

Extinction

... The Skeptical Environmentalist Biodiversity Unified neutral theory of biodiversity Population genetics External links A mathematical model for mass extinction Species disappearing at an alarming rate (MSNBC) Red List of Threatened Species References Mass ...

Gene regulatory network

... next step for biology to attempt to deduce the functions for each gene "node", to assist in modeling behaviour of a cell (see systems biology ). mathematical models of GRNs have been developed to allow predictions of the models to be tested. Various modeling techniques have been used, including boolean ...

Hardy-Weinberg principle

... London. Hardy, G. H. ( 1908 ). "Mendelian proportions in a mixed population". Science 28 : 49–50. ESP copy Pearson, K. ( 1904 ). mathematical contributions to the theory of evolution. XI. On the influence of natural selection on the variability and correlation of organs. Philosophical ...

Human

... from the sperm , variations in human mitochondrial DNA provide a means of identifying those individuals who share a common matrilineal ancestor . A mathematical analysis of mitochondrial DNA from thousands of living individuals suggests that the matrilineal lines for the people analyzed converges on one ...

Mendelian inheritance

... and show a 3:1 ratio in the F 2 (second) generation Mendel's findings allowed other scientists to simplify the emergence of traits to mathematical probability. A large portion of Mendel's spectacular findings can be traced to his choice to start his experiments only with true breeding plants. He ...

Microevolution

... mutation , gene flow , genetic drift , as well as natural selection . Population genetics is the branch of biology that provides the mathematical structure for the study of the process of microevolution. Biologists distinguish between microevolution and macroevolution , which is the ...

Origin of life

... of thioesters . More abstract and theoretical arguments for the plausibility of the emergence of metabolism without the presence of genes include a mathematical model introduced by Freeman Dyson in the early 1980s , and Stuart Kauffman 's notion of collectively autocatalytic sets discussed later in that ...

Population dynamics

... or several populations , and biological and environmental processes influencing those changes. Population dynamics is the dominant branch of mathematical biology , which has a history of more than 200 years. The early period was dominated by demographic studies such as the work of Benjamin Gompertz ...

Population genetics

... and theoretical considerations Perhaps the most significant "formal" achievement of the modern evolutionary synthesis has been the framework of mathematical population genetics. Indeed some authors (Beatty 1986) would argue that it defines core of the modern synthesis. Lewontin (1974) outlined the ...

Sociobiology

... were not supported scientifically . Objections were raised to many of the ethnocentric assumptions of early sociobiology and to the sampling and mathematical methods used in forming conclusions. Many of the sloppier early conclusions were attacked. Sociobiologists were accused of being "super" ...
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