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Kidney in Biological Definition

Blood

... to the liver to be degraded and to the kidney to be excreted in urine . A buffer solution ... watery fraction maintained by the gut and the kidney . Blood cells are degraded by the spleen and ... liver also clears proteins and amino acids (the kidney secretes many small proteins into the urine ). ...

Dialysis

... transplant , complications of the malfunctioning kidney (e.g. hyperkalemia , uremia ) and personal ... to other dietary restrictions). This is because kidney failure usually includes an inability to properly ... should weigh without fluid built up because of kidney failure. Removing this much fluid can cause or ...

Kidney

... studies the kidneys and diseases affecting the kidney is called nephrology . Contents ... Organization 1.4 Homeostatic function of the kidney 1.5 Terms 2 Renal functions 3 ... diseases of the kidneys 4 Dialysis and kidney transplants ...

Nephron

... Nephron of the kidney A nephron is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney . It is a tiny tubule consisting of a cluster of ... , which connects to the ureter . Each human kidney has about a million nephrons. The basic ...

Diabetes mellitus

... amputation Diabetes mellitus is the most common cause of adult kidney failure worldwide. It also the most common cause of amputation in the US, ... a lower risk of the complications of uncontrolled diabetes which include kidney failure (requiring dialysis or transplant), blindness, heart disease and ...

Insulin

... is not common. Generally, it is performed in conjunction with liver or kidney transplant surgery. However, transplantation of only pancreatic beta ... ), toehr vascular damage, nerve damage from diabetic neuropathy , or kidney failure from diabetic nephropathy . These studies have demonstrated ...

Anatomy

... Immune system Organs : Anus Appendix Brain Breast Colon or large intestine Diaphragm Ear Eye Heart kidney Labia Larynx Liver Lung Nose Ovary Pharynx Pancreas Penis Placenta Rectum Skin Small intestine ...

Cilium

... disorder is Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD). In addition, a defect of the primary cilium in the renal tube cells can lead to polycystic kidney disease (PKD). In another genetic disorder called Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS), the mutant gene products are the components in the basal body and ...

Colchicine

... to 5 hours after the toxic dose has been ingested and include burning in the mouth and throat, fever , vomiting , diarrhea , abdominal pain and kidney failure . Death from respiratory failure can follow. There is no antidote. Laboratory use In laboratory setting colchicine is also used for ...

Ebola

... pains and headache . These symptoms progress to vomiting , diarrhea , oropharyngeal lesions , conjunctivitis , organ damage (notably the kidney and liver ) by co-localized necrosis , proteinuria (the presence of proteins in urine), and bleeding both internal and external, commonly ...

Glucose

... due to glucose's preference for the less reactive cyclic isomer . Nevertheless, many of the long-term complications of diabetes (e.g., blindness, kidney failure, and peripheral neuropathy) are probably due to the glycosylation of proteins. The chain form of D -Glucose In respiration, ...

Infertility

... Factors relating to female infertility are: General factors Diabetes mellitus , thyroid disorders, adrenal disease Significant liver , kidney disease Psychological factors Hypothalamic-pituitary factors: Kallmann syndrome Hypothalamic dysfunction Hyperprolactinemia ...

Liver

... immediately under the diaphragm on the right side of the upper abdomen. The liver lies anterior to the gallbladder and superior to the right kidney . The liver is supplied by two major blood vessels: the hepatic artery and the portal vein . The hepatic artery normally comes off the celiac ...

Marcello Malpighi

... became a fellow the next year, the first such recognition given to an Italian. Research Malpighi used the microscope for studies on skin , kidney , and for the first interspecies comparison of the liver . He greatly extended the science of embryology . The use of microscopes enabled him to ...

Osmoregulation

... such as antidiuretic hormone , aldosterone , and angiotensin II , the human body can increase permeability of the collecting ducts in the kidney to reabsorb water and prevent it from being excreted. A major way animals have evolved to osmoregulate is by controlling the amount of water ...

Stem cell

... into several different forms. Bone marrow stromal stem cells are known to be able to transform into liver , nerve , muscle , hair follicle and kidney cells. Adult stem cells may be even more versatile than this. Researchers at the New York University School of Medicine have extracted stem ...
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