... in a battlefield hospital with many of his
colleagues in the fronts of France . Being ... lysozyme, was discovered after mucus from his
nose dropped into a bacterium laced Petri dish ... labs were usually in disarray, which led to be to his
advantage. In September 1928 , he was sorting ...
Alfred Russel Wallace
... selection prompted Charles Darwin to reveal his
own more developed and researched, but ... grammar school in Hertford , but left when his
family lost their remaining property. He worked for his
older brother William ...
... 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his
work with Alan Lloyd Hodgkin on the basis of ... their theory in 1952 . He currently maintains his
position as a fellow at Trinity College, ... of the writer and editor Leonard Huxley by his
second wife Rosalind Bruce, and hence ...
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
... , in the Netherlands . He is best known for his
contribution to improvement of the microscope and his
contributions towards the establishment of cell biology . Using his
handcrafted microscope he was the first to ...
... cell lineage. In other words, Sulston and his
team had traced where each and every cell in the ... would go back to the US in 1978 to establish his
own lab at the Massachusetts Institute of ... programmed cell death", as Horvitz narrated in his
Nobel Lecture "Worms, Life and Death", delivered ...
... the position of Tom Ray who declared that his
program Tierra was not simulating life in a ... defined by Alan Turing . Von Neumann worked on his
automata theory intensively right up to his
death, and considered ...
... can refer to the worker's daily reproduction of his
own labor capacity. This consists of the tasks of ... and so forth — that maintain him and his
ability to show up at his
job as required. Much of this domestic labor has ...
Carl Linnaeus , also known after his
ennoblement as Carl von Linn , and who wrote ... of Smalandia in southern Sweden . Like his
father and maternal grandfather, Linnaeus was ... but he showed little enthusiasm for it. his
interest in botany impressed a physician ...
... the book The Origin of Species , which remains his
most famous work.
A worldwide sea voyage aboard ... and much of the data on which he based his
Contents ... See also Darwin–Wedgwood family .
mother died when he was only eight and the next ...
... first chromatography technique in 1901 during his
research on chlorophyll . He used ... the term chromatography in print in 1906 in his
two papers about chlorophyll in the German ... Geselschaft . In 1907 he demonstrated his
chromatogaph for the German Botanical Society. ...
... principles was proposed by Charles Darwin in his
book The Origin of Species ( 1859 ), and later ... Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (1698-1759) in his
work Vnus physique . Specifically:
"Could ... Kant (Knigsberg (Kaliningrad) 1724 - 1804), in his
Kritik der Urtheilskraft , states that the ...
... took the idea from Core War one step further in his
core world system. He introduced mutations, in ... issue of program brittleness was Tom Ray with his
Tierra system. Tierra was similar to core ... State University has used Avida extensively in his
work. Lenski, Adami, and their colleagues have ...
... home from the hospital and died, the women of his
family conducted a traditional African funeral ... they removed all the blood and excreta from his
body with their bare hands. Most of the women in his
family died soon afterwards (Draper 19).
... Gloucestershire , England , famous for his
work introducing the Smallpox vaccine .
... was named after him in later years to commemorate his
In Jenner's time, the practice of ... had made him immune to smallpox.
Jenner called his
method vaccination, as the original infective ...
... terms including " phylum " and " ecology ." his
chief interests lay in evolution and life ... and inaccurate.
Haeckel was also known for his
"biogenic theory ", in which he suggested that ... public was substantially greater than it was with his
scientific peers. Although Haeckel's ideas are ...
... of man and animals provided by the theory of his
cousin Charles Darwin . After reading Darwin's ... Galton's theory, which he first sketched out in his
1865 article "Hereditary Talent and Character," and elaborated in his
1869 book Hereditary Genius , began by ...
... by which evolutionary change could persist: his
theory of natural selection. Darwin was motivated to publish his
work on evolution after receiving a letter from Alfred Russel Wallace , in which Wallace revealed his
own discovery of natural selection. As such, ...
... by Charles Darwin . In fact, he started out his
book The Origin of Species with a chapter on ... at 158 °F. The organisms Dallinger had in his
incubator at the end of the experiment, on the ... found evidence for Darwinian adaptation in his
incubator, and that the organisms had adapted to ...
... and was Charles Darwin 's half first cousin, his
mother and Darwin's father having been children of Erasmus Darwin by separate marriages. his
father was Samuel Tertius Galton , son of ... natural selection when they came into print.
inquiries into the mind involved detailed ...
... by Richard Dawkins . He points out in his
book, The Selfish Gene , that to be successful ... he did not use the term gene , he explained his
results in terms of inherited characteristics. ... the chromosome. With this knowledge, Morgan and his
students began the first chromosomal map of the ...
... a criminal even planted fake DNA evidence in his
own body: Dr. Schneeberger of Canada raped one of his
sedated patients in 1992 and left semen on her underwear. his
DNA was tested on three occasions, never showing ...
... show these patterns of Mendelian inheritance , his
work acted as a proof that application of ... of inheritance have been demonstrated.
statistical analysis Mendel defined a concept ... until early in the twentieth century, after his
... is often called the "father of genetics " for his
study of the inheritance of traits in pea ... particulate inheritance of traits according to his
laws of inheritance . However, Mendel's work was ... of Nov Jičn, Czech Republic ). During his
childhood Mendel worked as a gardener, and as a ...
... whenever an agent does anything intelligently, his
act is preceded and steered by another internal ... a regulative proposition appropriate to his
"Must we then say that for ... old teacher, Dr. Praetorius, shows him his
own creations, a series of miniature humanoids ...
... may extend an individual's presence beyond his
physical lifespan (see immortality ).
... without diversion, without study. He then feels his
... the 1500s , when Guillaume Rondelet published his
De Piscibus Marinum describing 244 species. ... canal in 1735 , and Linnaeus published his
During the 18th and ... a series of volumes of plates, and after he died, his
associate Johann Gottlob Schneider published ...
... with pancreatic extract, but unable to continue his
work. Between 1911 and 1912 E.L. Scott at the ... of glycosuria , but was unable to convince his
director and the research was shut down. Israel ... effects at Rockefeller University in 1919, but his
work was interrupted by World War I and he was ...
... This justly celebrated naturalist first published his
views in 1801. . . he first did the eminent ... to develop an explanation, which he outlined in his
1809 work, Philosophie Zoologique .
Lamarck ... thus created being transmuted over time (by his
mechanism) becoming more complex and closer to ...
James D. Watson
... been emulated by almost all succeeding texbooks. his
next great success was Molecular Biology of the Cell although here his
role was more of coordinator of an outstanding group of scientist-writers. his
third textbook was Recombinant DNA which used ...
He has been married four times (including his
current marriage), and has two sons and one ... holds several highly idiosyncratic views. In his
1998 essay collection Dancing Naked in the Mind ... Kary Mullis ", Spin July 1994. Focuses on his
position regarding HIV and AIDS.
... Konrad Z. Lorenz being followed by his
Konrad Zacharias Lorenz ( ... began with an earlier generation, for example his
teacher Oskar Heinroth . He studied ... in the behaviour of nidifugous birds, and his
writings led to its adoption within psychology . ...
... chemist . He is known to the general public for his
demonstration of the germ theory of disease and his
development techniques of inoculation , most ... dpartement , France , the son of a tanner. his
parents were Jean Joseph and Jeanne Pasteur ...
... 29 , 1694 ) was an Italian doctor, who gave his
name to several physiological features. He was ... (Cavalcuore ), Italy , raised on the farm his
parents owned and entered the University of ... began to study Aristotelian philosophy . When his
father, mother and paternal grandmother died, he ...
... biologist .
He was born in Berlin , Germany. his
father was Hans Delbrck , a professor of history at the University of Berlin , his
mother was the granddaughter of Justus von ... at the University of Gttingen . After receiving his
Ph.D., he traveled through England , Denmark , ...
... cultivated and tested some 28,000 pea plants. his
experiments brought forth two generalizations ... Mendelian inheritance . These are described in his
paper " Experiments on Plant Hybridization " that ... in 1866 .
Before Gregor Mendel formulated his
theories of genetics in 1865, the prevailing ...
... traits does not matter.
Darwin first outlined his
theory in two unpublished manuscripts written in ... from what they formerly were.
Darwin ends his
book with an often quoted passage: "There is a ... of the principle of natural selection, as his
explanation for the origin of species, occurred ...
Origin of life
... experiment of 1953, by Harold Urey and his
graduate student Stanley Miller ) are performed ... provided in 1980s by Gnter Wchtershuser , in his
iron-sulfur world theory . In this theory, he ... that like many models of the origin of life, his
own also has its shortcomings (Horgan 1991).
... in Halifax, Nova Scotia , but the major part of his
career was spent in the United States at the ... in immunochemistry , but he is best known for his
discovery in 1944 with his
co-worker Maclyn McCarty that DNA is the ...
... fossils of South American mammals during his
trip on the Beagle and examined petrified forests ... the "Modern Synthesis" of evolutionary biology; his
book "Tempo and Mode" is a classic in the field. ... scientist Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger and his
discovery of the "Krapina Man ".
... test where the subject is required to touch his
nose with his
eyes closed. People with normal proprioception ... in Oliver Sacks ' book The Man Who Mistook his
Wife for a Hat .
Temporary impairment has also ...