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His in Biological Definition

Alexander Fleming

... in a battlefield hospital with many of his colleagues in the fronts of France . Being ... lysozyme, was discovered after mucus from his nose dropped into a bacterium laced Petri dish ... labs were usually in disarray, which led to be to his advantage. In September 1928 , he was sorting ...

Alfred Russel Wallace

... selection prompted Charles Darwin to reveal his own more developed and researched, but ... grammar school in Hertford , but left when his family lost their remaining property. He worked for his older brother William ...

Andrew Huxley

... 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work with Alan Lloyd Hodgkin on the basis of ... their theory in 1952 . He currently maintains his position as a fellow at Trinity College, ... of the writer and editor Leonard Huxley by his second wife Rosalind Bruce, and hence ...

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

... , in the Netherlands . He is best known for his contribution to improvement of the microscope and his contributions towards the establishment of cell biology . Using his handcrafted microscope he was the first to ...

Apoptosis

... cell lineage. In other words, Sulston and his team had traced where each and every cell in the ... would go back to the US in 1978 to establish his own lab at the Massachusetts Institute of ... programmed cell death", as Horvitz narrated in his Nobel Lecture "Worms, Life and Death", delivered ...

Artificial life

... the position of Tom Ray who declared that his program Tierra was not simulating life in a ... defined by Alan Turing . Von Neumann worked on his automata theory intensively right up to his death, and considered ...

Reproduction

... can refer to the worker's daily reproduction of his own labor capacity. This consists of the tasks of ... and so forth — that maintain him and his ability to show up at his job as required. Much of this domestic labor has ...

Carolus Linnaeus

... Linnaeus Carl Linnaeus , also known after his ennoblement as Carl von Linn , and who wrote ... of Smalandia in southern Sweden . Like his father and maternal grandfather, Linnaeus was ... but he showed little enthusiasm for it. his interest in botany impressed a physician ...

Charles Darwin

... the book The Origin of Species , which remains his most famous work. A worldwide sea voyage aboard ... and much of the data on which he based his theory. Contents ... See also Darwin–Wedgwood family . his mother died when he was only eight and the next ...

Chromatography

... first chromatography technique in 1901 during his research on chlorophyll . He used ... the term chromatography in print in 1906 in his two papers about chlorophyll in the German ... Geselschaft . In 1907 he demonstrated his chromatogaph for the German Botanical Society. ...

Common descent

... principles was proposed by Charles Darwin in his book The Origin of Species ( 1859 ), and later ... Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (1698-1759) in his work Vnus physique . Specifically: "Could ... Kant (Knigsberg (Kaliningrad) 1724 - 1804), in his Kritik der Urtheilskraft , states that the ...

Digital organism

... took the idea from Core War one step further in his core world system. He introduced mutations, in ... issue of program brittleness was Tom Ray with his Tierra system. Tierra was similar to core ... State University has used Avida extensively in his work. Lenski, Adami, and their colleagues have ...

Ebola

... home from the hospital and died, the women of his family conducted a traditional African funeral ... they removed all the blood and excreta from his body with their bare hands. Most of the women in his family died soon afterwards (Draper 19). ...

Edward Jenner

... Gloucestershire , England , famous for his work introducing the Smallpox vaccine . ... was named after him in later years to commemorate his achievements. In Jenner's time, the practice of ... had made him immune to smallpox. Jenner called his method vaccination, as the original infective ...

Ernst Haeckel

... terms including " phylum " and " ecology ." his chief interests lay in evolution and life ... and inaccurate. Haeckel was also known for his "biogenic theory ", in which he suggested that ... public was substantially greater than it was with his scientific peers. Although Haeckel's ideas are ...

Eugenics

... of man and animals provided by the theory of his cousin Charles Darwin . After reading Darwin's ... Galton's theory, which he first sketched out in his 1865 article "Hereditary Talent and Character," and elaborated in his 1869 book Hereditary Genius , began by ...

Evolution

... by which evolutionary change could persist: his theory of natural selection. Darwin was motivated to publish his work on evolution after receiving a letter from Alfred Russel Wallace , in which Wallace revealed his own discovery of natural selection. As such, ...

Experimental evolution

... by Charles Darwin . In fact, he started out his book The Origin of Species with a chapter on ... at 158 °F. The organisms Dallinger had in his incubator at the end of the experiment, on the ... found evidence for Darwinian adaptation in his incubator, and that the organisms had adapted to ...

Francis Galton

... and was Charles Darwin 's half first cousin, his mother and Darwin's father having been children of Erasmus Darwin by separate marriages. his father was Samuel Tertius Galton , son of ... natural selection when they came into print. his inquiries into the mind involved detailed ...

Gene

... by Richard Dawkins . He points out in his book, The Selfish Gene , that to be successful ... he did not use the term gene , he explained his results in terms of inherited characteristics. ... the chromosome. With this knowledge, Morgan and his students began the first chromosomal map of the ...

Genetic fingerprinting

... a criminal even planted fake DNA evidence in his own body: Dr. Schneeberger of Canada raped one of his sedated patients in 1992 and left semen on her underwear. his DNA was tested on three occasions, never showing ...

Genetics

... show these patterns of Mendelian inheritance , his work acted as a proof that application of ... of inheritance have been demonstrated. From his statistical analysis Mendel defined a concept ... until early in the twentieth century, after his death, ...

Gregor Mendel

... is often called the "father of genetics " for his study of the inheritance of traits in pea ... particulate inheritance of traits according to his laws of inheritance . However, Mendel's work was ... of Nov Jičn, Czech Republic ). During his childhood Mendel worked as a gardener, and as a ...

Homunculus

... whenever an agent does anything intelligently, his act is preceded and steered by another internal ... a regulative proposition appropriate to his practical problem." "Must we then say that for ... old teacher, Dr. Praetorius, shows him his own creations, a series of miniature humanoids ...

Human

... may extend an individual's presence beyond his physical lifespan (see immortality ). ... without diversion, without study. He then feels his nothingness, his ...

Ichthyology

... the 1500s , when Guillaume Rondelet published his De Piscibus Marinum describing 244 species. ... canal in 1735 , and Linnaeus published his manuscripts posthumously. During the 18th and ... a series of volumes of plates, and after he died, his associate Johann Gottlob Schneider published ...

Insulin

... with pancreatic extract, but unable to continue his work. Between 1911 and 1912 E.L. Scott at the ... of glycosuria , but was unable to convince his director and the research was shut down. Israel ... effects at Rockefeller University in 1919, but his work was interrupted by World War I and he was ...

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

... This justly celebrated naturalist first published his views in 1801. . . he first did the eminent ... to develop an explanation, which he outlined in his 1809 work, Philosophie Zoologique . Lamarck ... thus created being transmuted over time (by his mechanism) becoming more complex and closer to ...

James D. Watson

... been emulated by almost all succeeding texbooks. his next great success was Molecular Biology of the Cell although here his role was more of coordinator of an outstanding group of scientist-writers. his third textbook was Recombinant DNA which used ...

Kary Mullis

... . He has been married four times (including his current marriage), and has two sons and one ... holds several highly idiosyncratic views. In his 1998 essay collection Dancing Naked in the Mind ... Kary Mullis ", Spin July 1994. Focuses on his position regarding HIV and AIDS. Personal ...

Konrad Lorenz

... Konrad Z. Lorenz being followed by his imprinted geese Konrad Zacharias Lorenz ( ... began with an earlier generation, for example his teacher Oskar Heinroth . He studied ... in the behaviour of nidifugous birds, and his writings led to its adoption within psychology . ...

Louis Pasteur

... chemist . He is known to the general public for his demonstration of the germ theory of disease and his development techniques of inoculation , most ... dpartement , France , the son of a tanner. his parents were Jean Joseph and Jeanne Pasteur ...

Marcello Malpighi

... 29 , 1694 ) was an Italian doctor, who gave his name to several physiological features. He was ... (Cavalcuore ), Italy , raised on the farm his parents owned and entered the University of ... began to study Aristotelian philosophy . When his father, mother and paternal grandmother died, he ...

Max Delbr

... biologist . He was born in Berlin , Germany. his father was Hans Delbrck , a professor of history at the University of Berlin , his mother was the granddaughter of Justus von ... at the University of Gttingen . After receiving his Ph.D., he traveled through England , Denmark , ...

Mendelian inheritance

... cultivated and tested some 28,000 pea plants. his experiments brought forth two generalizations ... Mendelian inheritance . These are described in his paper " Experiments on Plant Hybridization " that ... in 1866 . Before Gregor Mendel formulated his theories of genetics in 1865, the prevailing ...

Natural selection

... traits does not matter. Darwin first outlined his theory in two unpublished manuscripts written in ... from what they formerly were. Darwin ends his book with an often quoted passage: "There is a ... of the principle of natural selection, as his explanation for the origin of species, occurred ...

Origin of life

... experiment of 1953, by Harold Urey and his graduate student Stanley Miller ) are performed ... provided in 1980s by Gnter Wchtershuser , in his iron-sulfur world theory . In this theory, he ... that like many models of the origin of life, his own also has its shortcomings (Horgan 1991). ...

Oswald Avery

... in Halifax, Nova Scotia , but the major part of his career was spent in the United States at the ... in immunochemistry , but he is best known for his discovery in 1944 with his co-worker Maclyn McCarty that DNA is the ...

Paleontology

... fossils of South American mammals during his trip on the Beagle and examined petrified forests ... the "Modern Synthesis" of evolutionary biology; his book "Tempo and Mode" is a classic in the field. ... scientist Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger and his discovery of the "Krapina Man ". Other ...

Proprioception

... test where the subject is required to touch his nose with his eyes closed. People with normal proprioception ... in Oliver Sacks ' book The Man Who Mistook his Wife for a Hat . Temporary impairment has also ...
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