... Originally known as serum hepatitis, hepatitis
B has only been recognized as such since World ... epidemics in parts of Asia and Africa . hepatitis
B is recognized as endemic in China and various ... population has been or is actively infected by hepatitis
... the blood and excretes it through bile.
, inflammation of the liver, caused mainly by ... diseases leading to cirrhosis , such as chronic hepatitis
C, alcoholism, autoimmune hepatitis, and many ...
Melissa Palmer. Dr. Melissa Palmer's Guide to hepatitis
and Liver Disease: What You Need to Know , Avery ...
... Yellow fever virus , West Nile virus , hepatitis
Family Hepeviridae - e.g. hepatitis
Family ... - e.g. Poliovirus , Rhinovirus , hepatitis
... two genera included here:
Genus Orthohepadnavirus ; type species: hepatitis
Genus Avihepadnavirus ; type species: Duck hepatitis
Hepadnaviruses have very small genomes of circular, ...
... passes through an RNA intermediate during replication. For example, hepatitis
B virus is classified as an RNA virus, even though its genome is ...
Flaviviridae : Yellow fever - hepatitis
Orthomyxoviridae : Influenza
Paramyxoviridae : Mumps
... AIDS , the virus of which, HIV , is transmitted through contact between blood, semen , or the bodily secretions of an infected person. hepatitis
B and C are transmitted primarily through blood contact. Owing to blood-borne infections, bloodstained objects are treated as a biohazard .
Genus Flavivirus (type species Yellow fever virus , others include West Nile virus )
Genus Hepacivirus (type species hepatitis
C virus )
Genus Pestivirus (type species Bovine viral diarrhea virus , others include classical swine fever or hog cholera)
The genome ...
... are previously virulent micro-organisms that have been killed with chemicals or heat. Examples are vaccines against flu , cholera , plague , and hepatitis
A . Most such vaccines may have incomplete or short-lived immune responses and are likely to require booster shots.
Live, attenuated - these are ...
... The number of proteins required to form a spherical virus capsid is denoted by the 'T-number' whereby 60t proteins are necessary. In the case of hepatitis
B virus the T-number is 4, therefore 240 proteins assemble to form the capsid. As in the helical viruses, the spherical virus capsid may be enclosed ...
... in their environment within months. Virus evolution is an important aspect of the epidemiology of viral diseases such as influenza , HIV , hepatitis
, and many others. It also causes problems in the development of successful antiviral drugs , as resistant mutations often appear within weeks to ...