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Growth in Biological Definition

Anabolism

... up" organs and tissues. These processes produce growth and differentiation of cells and increase in body ... molecules. Examples of anabolic processes include growth and mineralization of bone and increase of ... Classic anabolic hormones include growth hormone IGF1 and other ...

Bacterium

... in the large intestine can help prevent the growth of potentially harmful microbes. The ability of ... were fertilized in an attempt to facilitate the growth of such bacteria after the infamous 1989 Exxon ... and oak trees. See also Bacterial growth Bacteriocin Microorganism ...

Bone

... lamellar . Woven bone is put down rapidly during growth or repair. It is so called because its fibres are ... Woven bone is often replaced by lamellar bone as growth continues. Long bones are tubular in ... up the organic part of matrix include various growth factors, the functions of which are not fully ...

Cancer

... and environmental factors , leading to aberrant growth regulation of cells. Cell multiplication ( ... clonal proliferation of cells with unregulated growth potential occur very early in life and progress ... properties: evading apoptosis unlimited growth potential (immortalitization) self-sufficiency ...

Cartilage

... 2.3 Fibrocartilage 3 Perichondrium 4 growth / Development 4.1 Chondrification 4.2 ... the perichondrium becomes the periosteum. growth / Development Chondrification Most of the ... materials that form the matrix. Two types of growth can occur in cartilage: appositional and ...

Cell division

... dividing into two daughter cells . This leads to growth in multicellular organisms (the growth of tissue ) and to procreation ( vegetative ... See also Cell cycle Cell growth External link How Cells Divide: ...

Anabolism

... up" organs and tissues. These processes produce growth and differentiation of cells and increase in body ... molecules. Examples of anabolic processes include growth and mineralization of bone and increase of ... Classic anabolic hormones include growth hormone IGF1 and other ...

Cell growth

... The term cell growth is used in two different ways in biology . When ... increases in cell size that are important for the growth of some plant tissues. Most unicellular ... types of cell reproduction. Cell growth Comparison of the three types of cell ...

Bacterium

... in the large intestine can help prevent the growth of potentially harmful microbes. The ability of ... were fertilized in an attempt to facilitate the growth of such bacteria after the infamous 1989 Exxon ... and oak trees. See also Bacterial growth Bacteriocin Microorganism ...

Growth curve

... Figure 1: A "bi-phasic" bacterial growth curve. A growth curve in biology generally concerns a ... 1 Examples 1.1 Bacterial cell growth 1.2 Cancer ...

Hormone

... Examples of protein hormones include insulin and growth hormone. Steroid hormones are derived from ... gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) growth hormone (GH or hGH) insulin ...

Louis Pasteur

... that the fermentation process is caused by the growth of microorganisms , and that the growth of microorganisms in nutrient broths is not due ... prevent all particles from passing through to the growth medium and even in vessels with no filter at all, ...

Mitosis

... several stages, with the remainder of the cell's growth cycle considered interphase . Properly ... cycle involves a series of stages: G1, the first growth phase; S, where the genetic material is duplicated; G2, the second growth phase; and M, where the nucleus divides through ...

Oncogene

... 1.1 Activation 2 Oncogene 2.1 growth factors 2.2 Protein kinases and related ... of protein in the cell Oncogene growth factors growth factors are usually secreted by a few special ...

Parthenogenesis

... "birth") means the growth and development of an embryo or seed without ... have short term benefits when rapid population growth is important or in stable environments, over the ... will have roughly double the rate of population growth under ideal conditions. Organisms that can ...

Plant

... 2 Algae and Fungi 3 Importance 4 growth 5 Fossils 6 References and further ... including a variety of flowers . growth Simple plants like algae may have short life ... may be organized according to their seasonal growth pattern: Annual : live and reproduce within ...

Plant

... 2 Algae and Fungi 3 Importance 4 growth 5 Fossils 6 References and further ... including a variety of flowers . growth Simple plants like algae may have short life ... may be organized according to their seasonal growth pattern: Annual : live and reproduce within ...

Mitosis

... several stages, with the remainder of the cell's growth cycle considered interphase . Properly ... cycle involves a series of stages: G1, the first growth phase; S, where the genetic material is duplicated; G2, the second growth phase; and M, where the nucleus divides through ...

Antibiotic

... An antibiotic is a drug that kills or slows the growth of bacteria . Antibiotics are one class of "antimicrobials", a larger ... properties. Pyocyanase, secreted by Bacillus pyocyaneus, retarded the growth of other bacteria in situ and was toxic to many disease-causing bacteria. ...

Apoptosis

... play an important role in diverse biological processes, including cell growth and death, development, and immune responses. The link between TNF and ... peptide that selectively reversed apoptosis resistance - and hence tumor growth - in H460 cells in mice. (See also the role of Gefitinib and ...

Biology

... , today developmental biology studies the genetic control of cell growth , differentiation and " morphogenesis ," which is the process that gives ... . Botany covers a wide range of scientific disciplines that study the growth , reproduction , metabolism , development , diseases , and evolution ...

Biomechanics

... the properties of living tissue. There is much research in the field of growth and remodeling as a response to applied loads. For example, the effects of ... behavior of cardiomyocytes within a heart with a cardiac infarct, and bone growth in response to exercise have been widely regarded as instances in which ...

Botany

... . Botany covers a wide range of scientific disciplines that study the growth , reproduction , metabolism , development , diseases , and evolution ... of plants and humans External links Plant tissues , plant growth and the plant cell from Kimball's Biology Pages Botanical Society ...

Morphogenesis

... aspects of developmental biology along with the control of cell growth and cellular differentiation . Morphogenesis is concerned with the ... organisms and the positions of the various specialized cell types. Cell growth and differentiation can take place in cell culture or inside of tumor cell ...

Fermentation

... Fermentation is also used much more broadly to refer to the bulk growth of microorganisms on some medium . No distinction is made between ... in pickling the acid produced by the dominant bacteria inhibit the growth of all other microorganisms. Fermentated foods, by region World ...

Gene

... of polypeptides , proteins and other molecules that determine the growth and functioning of the organism . The word "gene" is shared by many ... Following the discovery that DNA is the genetic material, and with the growth of biotechnology and the project to sequence the human genome , the ...

Genomics

... Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 History 1.1 The growth of the "omics" 2 Comparative genomics 3 Genetic similarity ... by the Human Genome Project in early 2001 amid much fanfare. The growth of the "omics" Main article: -omics The original use of the suffix ...

Homeobox

... fetus or larva . Mutations in any one of these genes can lead to the growth of extra, typically non-functional body parts in invertebrates , but ... protein (purple) bound to DNA. Pit-1 is a regulator of growth hormone gene transcription. Pit-1 is a member of the POU DNA-binding ...

Kwashiorkor

... When a child is nursing, it receives certain amino acids vital to growth from its mother's milk. When the child is weaned, if the diet that ... be as high as 60% and it can have a long-term impact on a child's physical growth and, in severe cases, affect mental development. There are various ...

Lichen

... break up into fragments when they dry, dispersing themselves to resume growth when moisture returns. Lichens also reproduce sexually in a manner ... into soil. Classification Lichens are informally classified by growth form into: crustose (paint-like, flat), e.g., Caloplaca flavescens ...

Long-term potentiation

... neuroscientists to suggest that learning was not the product of new cell growth was the Spanish anatomist Santiago Ramn y Cajal . In 1894 he proposed ... a cell B and repeatedly or persistently takes part in firing it, some growth process or metabolic change takes place in one or both cells such that A's ...

Lytic cycle

... 1 Description 1.1 Infection 1.2 growth 1.3 Replication and lysis Description The lytic cycle is ... genetic material, which can be either DNA or RNA , into the cell. growth The viral nucleic acid takes over and uses the host cells organelles ...

Morphogenesis

... aspects of developmental biology along with the control of cell growth and cellular differentiation . Morphogenesis is concerned with the ... organisms and the positions of the various specialized cell types. Cell growth and differentiation can take place in cell culture or inside of tumor cell ...

Phloem

... part of the plant that is producing or releasing sugar. During the plant's growth period, usually during the spring, storage organs such as the roots are ... wheras in xylem cells, it is unidirectional (upward). After the growth period, when the meristems are dormant, the leaves are sources, and ...

Population

... , size, age and sex structure, mortality, reproductive behaviour, and growth of a population are studied. Demography is the study of human ... capacity also applies to human population, and that unchecked population growth can result in a " Malthusian catastrophe ". Others dispute this view. ...

Primary nutritional groups

... Carbon source refers to the source of carbon used by an organism for growth and development. An organism is defined as heterotrophic when using organic substrates to get its carbon for growth and development, whereas it is autotrophic , when its source of carbon ...

Species

... Darwin's work drew on Thomas Malthus ' insight that the rate of growth of a biological population will always outpace the rate of growth of the resources in the environment, such as the food supply. As a result, ...

Stem cell

... cells with another group of cells called stromal cells and then adding a growth factor to stimulate them. The study is outlined in Nature Biotechnology . ... cells, which provide the structure inside bone marrow, and 3. Add a growth factor called erythropoietin, which provides a signal to the stem cells to ...

Substrate

... which semiconductor devices can be fabricated using epitaxial crystal growth and photolithography . Depending on the material and application the ... For example, in many households, a bruised apple is a substrate for the growth of a fungus . In linguistics , a substrate or substratum refers ...

Tumor

... inflammation . However, the term is now primarily used to denote abnormal growth of tissue . This growth can be either malignant or benign . Malignant tumors are called ...
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