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Glycolysis in Biological Definition

Cellular respiration

... broken down into two basic metabolic pathways : glycolysis , anaerobic respiration or aerobic respiration ... Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 glycolysis 2 Breakdown of pyruvate 2.1 Aerobic ... 3 See also 4 External links glycolysis Main article: ...

Citric acid cycle

... . Fuel molecule catabolism (including glycolysis ) produces acetyl-CoA , a two- carbon acetyl ... catabolism (the breakdown of sugars). glycolysis breaks glucose (a six-carbon-molecule) down ... catabolism and anabolism . See also glycolysis Oxidative phosphorylation Reverse ...

Glycolysis

... glycolysis is the initial metabolic pathway of ... . The most common and well-known form of glycolysis is the Embden - Meyerhof pathway. The term can ... as the Entner-Doudoroff Pathway . However, glycolysis will be used here as a synonym for the ...

Citric acid cycle

... . Fuel molecule catabolism (including glycolysis ) produces acetyl-CoA , a two- carbon acetyl ... catabolism (the breakdown of sugars). glycolysis breaks glucose (a six-carbon-molecule) down ... catabolism and anabolism . See also glycolysis Oxidative phosphorylation Reverse ...

Metabolism

... conversion of glycogen into glucose . glycolysis , the conversion of glucose into pyruvate and ... . Embden-Meyerhof pathway , the common glycolysis pathway. Entner-Doudoroff Pathway , an alternative glycolysis pathway in few bacteria . Pentose ...

Mitochondrion

... is done by metabolizing the major products of glycolysis , pyruvate and NADH (glycolysis is performed ... cycle Each pyruvate molecule produced by glycolysis is actively transported across the inner ... DNA Electrochemical potential glycolysis Mitochondrial genetics ...

Mitochondrion

... is done by metabolizing the major products of glycolysis , pyruvate and NADH (glycolysis is performed ... cycle Each pyruvate molecule produced by glycolysis is actively transported across the inner ... DNA Electrochemical potential glycolysis Mitochondrial genetics ...

Carbohydrate

... There are three metabolic pathways of carbohydrate catabolism : glycolysis citric acid cycle oxidative phosphorylation See also Biochemistry Macromolecules glycolysis Gluconeogenesis Pentose phosphate pathway External links ...

Oxidative phosphorylation

... . It is the final metabolic pathway of cellular respiration , after glycolysis and the citric acid cycle . The process takes place at a biological ... 10 NADH and 2 FADH 2 molecules contributed through oxidation of glucose ( glycolysis , conversion of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA , and the Krebs cycle ) account ...

Aerobic

... "requiring air " (where "air" usually means oxygen ). The opposite of aerobic is anaerobic . See also: Aerobic exercise Aerobic glycolysis Aerobic metabolism Aerobic organism Aerobic respiration Aerobics ...

Anaerobic

... in water does not rot - rotting being a process requiring water and oxygen - see Seahenge . See also: Anaerobic exercise Anaerobic glycolysis Anaerobic metabolism Anaerobic organism Anaerobic respiration oxygen depletion ...

Biochemistry

... simulations. These techniques allowed for the discovery and detailed analysis of many molecules and metabolic pathways of the cell , such as glycolysis and the Krebs cycle (citric acid cycle). Today, the findings of biochemistry are used in many areas, from genetics to molecular biology and ...

Cell biology

... See also Active transport Adhesion Chloroplast Cilia Cytoplasm Cytoskeleton Endoplasmic reticulum Flagella glycolysis Golgi apparatus Lipid bilayer Membrane Mitochondrion Nucleus Organelle Passive transport Ribosome Signal ...

Cytoplasm

... is also a storage place for chemical substances indispensable to life. Vital metabolic reactions take place here, for example anaerobic glycolysis and proteic synthesis . See also : microtubules , vesicle ...

Cytosol

... cell , and a large part of cell metabolism occurs here. Proteins within the cytosol play an important role in signal transduction pathways, glycolysis , and they act as intracellular receptors and ribosomes . In prokaryotes, all chemical reactions take place in the cytosol. In eukaryotes , the ...

Fermentation

... or "pitched" with it. The yeast converts the sugars from the malt into alcohol, carbon dioxide and other components through a process called glycolysis . After a week or so, the fresh (or "green") beer is run off into conditioning tanks . After conditioning for a week or longer, the beer is often ...

Glucose

... ) of food energy per gram . Breakdown of carbohydrates (e.g. starch ) yields mono- and disaccharides, most of which are glucose. Through glycolysis , glucose is immediately involved in the production of ATP , the cell's energy carrier. In addition, it is critical in the production of protein ...

Insulin

... following mechanism (see figure to the right): Glucose enters the beta cells through the glucose transporter GLUT2 Glucose goes into the glycolysis and the respiratory cycle where the high-energy ATP molecule is produced by oxidation Dependent on blood glucose levels and hence ATP levels, ...

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

... ) are two important coenzymes found in cells . NADH is the reduced form and NAD + is the oxidized form of NAD. NAD is used extensively in glycolysis and the citric acid cycle of cellular respiration . It forms NADP with the addition of a phosphate group to the 2' position of the nucleotide ...

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

... ) are two important coenzymes found in cells . NADH is the reduced form and NAD + is the oxidized form of NAD. NAD is used extensively in glycolysis and the citric acid cycle of cellular respiration . It forms NADP with the addition of a phosphate group to the 2' position of the nucleotide ...

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

... ) are two important coenzymes found in cells . NADH is the reduced form and NAD + is the oxidized form of NAD. NAD is used extensively in glycolysis and the citric acid cycle of cellular respiration . It forms NADP with the addition of a phosphate group to the 2' position of the nucleotide ...

Phosphorylation

... phosphate group to ADP in a process referred to as oxidative phosphorylation . ATP is also synthesized by substrate level phosphorylation during glycolysis . ATP is synthesized at the expense of solar energy by photophosphorylation in the chloroplasts of plant cells. Phosphorylation of sugars is ...
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