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Genomic in Biological Definition

Hfr cell

... bacterium with a conjugative plasmid (often F ) integrated into its genomic DNA. Hfr is the abbreviation for high frequency recombination . Unlike a ... the transfer is rarely complete. Thus, the F- cell uses only part of the genomic DNA of the F+ cell for recombination. ...

Human Genome Project

... Bioinformatics (and sister organizations in Europe and Japan) houses the genomic sequence, along with sequences of known and hypothetical genes and ... from computer science such as formal grammars . All humans have unique genomic sequence, as such, the data published by the HGP does not represent the ...

Major histocompatibility complex

... The major histocompatibility complex ( MHC ) is a large genomic region or gene family found in most vertebrates containing many ... found in essentially all vertebrates , though the gene composition and genomic arrangement varies widely. Chickens , for instance, have one of the ...

Apoptosis

... nucleus, is cell suicide triggered by the nuclear enzyme poli(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1, or PARP-1. This enzyme plays a crucial role in maintaining genomic integrity, and massive activation of PARP-1 can deplete the cell of energy-providing molecules, an event that sends signals from the nucleus for the ...

Bioinformatics

... protein folding are currently ( as of 2004 ) under development. One of the key ideas in bioinformatics research is the notion of homology . In the genomic branch of bioinformatics, homology is used to predict the function of a gene: if the sequence of gene A , whose function is known, is homologous to ...

Biotechnology

... to medical processes. An example would include an organism designed to produce an antibiotic , or engineering genetic cures to diseases through genomic manipulation . White biotechnology , also known as grey biotechnology , is biotechnology applied to industrial processes. An example would ...

Bioinformatics

... protein folding are currently ( as of 2004 ) under development. One of the key ideas in bioinformatics research is the notion of homology . In the genomic branch of bioinformatics, homology is used to predict the function of a gene: if the sequence of gene A , whose function is known, is homologous to ...

Experimental evolution

... Further reading W. H. Dallinger (1887). The president's address. J. Roy. Microscop. Soc. , 185-199. R. E. Lenski (2004). Phenotypic and genomic evolution during a 20,000-generation experiment with the bacterium Escherichia coli . Plant Breeding Reviews 24 , 225-265. S. F. Elena and R. ...

Genomics

... Genome Issue" Nature , February 15 , 2001 , no. 6822 Genomics Online Database - http://wit.integratedgenomics.com/GOLD The Institute for genomic Research - http://www.tigr.org The Sanger Institute - http://www.sanger.ac.uk The National Center for Biotechnology Information - ...

Hepatitis B

... enclosing a circular, double-stranded DNA genome. The virus is unique amongst the DNA viruses in that it uses a reverse transcriptase to generate the genomic DNA to deliver to its progeny. Additionally, the DNA genome is incomplete on one strand. Hepatitis D infection requires a concomitant infection ...

Molecular evolution

... sites model 3 Related fields 4 See also 5 References 6 External links Exceptions to the general description genomic imprinting (which is " epigenetic ") constitutes heritability that is not coded in DNA. Evolution is prevalent also in viruses , although these ...

Origin of life

... . Others have argued that a "top-down approach" is more feasible. One such approach attempted by Craig Venter and others at The Institute for genomic Research involved engineering existing prokaryotic cells with progressively fewer genes, attempting to discern at which point the most minimal ...

Systems biology

... For example, biologists must be able to converse with those people that can develop effective databases for storing and querying both clinical and genomic data. In general, systems biology requires biologists, computer scientists, chemists, engineers, mathematicians, and physicists. Approaches ...
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