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General in Biological Definition

Alcohol

... In general usage, alcohol (from Arabic al-khwl ... . In chemistry , alcohol is a more general term, applied to any organic compound in which ... to other hydrogen and/or carbon atoms. The general formula for a simple alcohol containing no rings ...

Amino acid

... groups . In biochemistry , this shorter and more general term is frequently used to refer to alpha amino ... 1 Overview 2 general structure of an amino acid 2.1 Isomerism ... (in children) histidine and arginine . general structure of an amino acid ...

Bone

... Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 general overview 2 Forms and structure of bone ... 7 See also 8 External links general overview It is a relatively hard and light- ... and other crafts. Terminology general Features Process a relatively large ...

Molecular evolution

... molecular evolution must be seen as part of general evolution . The boundary between molecular and ... 1 Exceptions to the general description 2 Principles of molecular ... 6 External links Exceptions to the general description Genomic imprinting (which is " ...

Operator

... Q ( fg ). Later on we will use Q to denote a general operator, and x i to denote the i -th ... If f ( x ) is a function of x and Q is the general operator we can write Q acting on f as (Qf)( ... which satisfy the following conditions; take the general operator T , the function acted on under the ...

Adaptive radiation

... There are three basic types of adaptive radiation. They are : general adaptation. A species that develops a radically new ability can reach new parts of its environment. An example of general adaptation is bird flight. Environmental change. A species that can, ...

Albinism

... children with albinism should be (and is) normal however, as should their general health , life span, intelligence , and ability to have children. The ... rapid, involuntary "shaking" of the eyes) or stigmatism, though this and general vision often improves towards middle age , when most "normally" sighted ...

Affinity chromatography

... in a mixture. Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 general Procedure 2 Specific Uses 3 Batch verses column 4 Affinity Chromatography Protocols general Procedure Usually the starting point is an undefined heterogeneous group ...

Cryptozoology

... monsters 2.7 Reptiles 2.8 Birds 2.9 Plants 2.10 Others 2.11 general terms for cryptids 3 See also 4 Lakes in which sea monsters ... Mermecolion Naree Pons Rod Squonk Yppotryl general terms for cryptids New Jersey Vegetable Monster UMA There ...

Enzyme

... its shape are complex, and still not completely understood, although general principles have been identified. Individual monomers may then combine ... ATP from ADP, inorganic phosphate and some form of energy Autolysin : general term for enzymes that cause cells to die Beta-galactosidase: See ....

Equilibrium

... as temperature and pressure). In economics , static equilibrium and general equilibrium Nash equilibrium in game theory, an optimum strategy for ... equilibrium in ethics, a state in which the consequences of one's general principles are consistent with one's opinions about individual cases. ...

Eugenics

... influx of foreigners. Some who disagree with the idea of eugenics in general contend that eugenics legislation still had benefits; namely, that ... Many early scientific journals devoted to the study of heredity in general were run by eugenicists and featured eugenics articles alongside studies ...

Insulin

... which insulin disturbance is pathologic: diabetes mellitus – general term referring to all states characterized by hyperglycemia type 1 ... of insulin release. All such decisions by a diabetic must be based on general experience and training (ie, at the direction of a physician or PA, or in ...

Metabolism

... showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 Metabolic pathways 1.1 general pathways 1.2 Catabolism 1.3 Anabolism 1.4 Drug metabolism 1.5 ... Metabolic pathways Important metabolic pathways are: general pathways Carbohydrate metabolism Fatty acid metabolism ...

Nutrition

... research has identified many components of good nutrition, so that in general a wide variety of unprocessed food is recommended as a natural preventive ... industry. ( See Wall Street Journal reference ). Detailed information on general nutrition is available from the Department of Agriculture's Food and ...

Population dynamics

... who refined and adjusted the Malthusian demograhical model. A more general model formulation was proposed by F.J. Richards in 1959 , by which the ... and also Ludwig von Bertalanffy are covered as special cases of the general formulation. The computer game SimCity tries to simulate some of ...

Vaccine

... the use of vaccines 3.1 Potential for adverse side effects in general 4 Economics of vaccine development 5 See also 6 External ... development of autism [7] . Potential for adverse side effects in general Some people refuse to immunize themselves or their children, because ...

Abiogenesis

... Abiogenesis , in its most general sense, is the hypothetical generation of life from non-living matter. Today, the term is primarily used in the context of biology and the origin ...

Actin

... of G-actin trimers. All of these three proteins are regulated by cell signaling mechanism. Organization Actin filaments are assembled in two general types of structures: bundles and networks. Actin-binding proteins dictate the formation of either structure since they cross-link actin filaments. ...

Alfred Russel Wallace

... In 1855 , Wallace published a paper, "On the Law Which has Regulated the Introduction of Species" (1855) , in which he gathers and enumerates general observations regarding the geographic and geologic distribution of species, and concludes that "Every species has come into existence coincident both ...

Ames test

... if it causes a change in the DNA (deoxyriboneucleic acid) of a living cell or organism. The test is named after its inventor, Bruce Ames . general procedure This assay is carried out using strains of bacteria , generally Escherichia coli or Salmonella that already have a single mutation, ...

Animal

... (mollusks) Annelida (segmented worms) Animals are a major group of organisms , classified as the kingdom Animalia or Metazoa. In general they are multicellular , capable of locomotion and responsive to their environment, and feed by consuming other organisms. Their body plan becomes ...

Antigenic shift

... shift is contrasted with antigenic drift which is the natural mutation over time of known strains of influenza (or other things, in a more general sense) to evade the immune system. Antigenic drift occurs in all types of influenza including influenza A, B and C. Antigenic shift, however, ...

Artificial life

... . At the Hixon Symposium , hosted by Linus Pauling in Pasadena, California in the late 1940s , Von Neumann delivered a lecture titled "The general and Logical Theory of Automata." He defined an "automata" as any machine whose behavior proceeded logically from step to step by combining ...

ATP synthase

... An ATP synthase ( EC 3.6.3.14) is a general term for an enzyme that can synthesize adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and inorganic phosphate by utilizing ...

Biology

... a specialist training in particular organisms such as mammalogy , ornithology , or herpetology but use those organisms as systems to answer general questions in evolution. It also generally includes paleontologists who use fossils to answer questions about the mode and tempo of evolution, as ...

Bacterium

... Bacteriology . 9th ed. Baltimore, Maryland: Williams and Wilkins, 1994. Stanier, R.Y., J. L. Ingraham, M. L. Wheelis, and P. R. Painter. general Microbiology . 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1986. Hugenholtz P, Goebel BM, Pace NR. Impact of Culture-Independent ...

Biological membrane

... by itself, but is still needed by a cell, it could either go through one of the protein channels, or be taken in by means of endocytosis . More general information on this topic may be found in the article at cell membrane . See also membrane protein ...

Biologist

... research but a bachelor's or master's degree is sufficient for most non-research positions. Training on the undergraduate level usually is very general while later training involves a specialization in a specific area of biology . (U.S. Department of Labor) See also: List of biologists ...

Biomechanics

... of the forces that act on limbs, the aerodynamics of bird and insect flight , the hydrodynamics of swimming in fish and locomotion in general across all forms of life, from individual cells to whole organisms. The biomechanics of human beings is a core part of kinesiology . Applied ...

Brain

... processes, and cognitive processes alike can exert strong influence on the regulation of brain activities. Stimulus from any source can trigger a general arousal process that decreases reliance on cortical processes, or that enhances and focuses cortical processes. Such diverse causes as hunger, ...

Cancer

... radiation from the sun , leads to melanoma and other skin malignancies. Breathing asbestos fibers is associated with mesothelioma . In more general terms, chemicals called carcinogens and free radicals are known to cause mutations. Chronic inflammation may induce malignancy, as neutrophil ...

Carbohydrate

... Fructose ( Fischer projection ) Pure carbohydrates contain carbon , hydrogen , and oxygen atoms , in a 1:2:1 molar ratio , giving the general formula C n H 2n O n . However, many important carbohydrates deviate from this, such as deoxyribose . Sometimes compounds containing other ...

Chromatography

... dye is added to the adsorbent that allows the visualization of UV absorbing spots under a blacklight ("UV 254 "). Iodine vapors are a general unspecific color reagent. Specific color reagents exist into which the TLC plate is dipped or which are sprayed onto the plate. Once visible, ...

Cladistics

... may produce widely different trees. However, by and large the phylogenetic approach to systematics has proven useful and coherent and has gained general support. As DNA sequencing has become easier, phylogenies are increasingly often constructed with the aid of molecular data. Computational ...

Cloning

... century; the final e came into use to indicate the vowel is a "long o" instead of a "short o". Since the term entered the popular lexicon in a more general context, the spelling clone has been used exclusively. In biology , cloning is used in two contexts: cloning a gene , or cloning an organism . ...

Culture

... in the relationship between these two dimensions. Moreover, anthropologists understand "culture" to refer not only to consumption goods , but to the general processes which produce such goods and give them meaning, and to the social relationships and practices in which such objects and processes become ...

Endoplasmic reticulum

... and calcium storage. It also is a large transporter of nutrient found in each cell. Functions The endoplasmic reticulum serves many general functions, including the facilitation of protein folding, and the transport of proteins. Correct folding of newly made proteins is made possible by ...

Endosymbiont

... Endosymbiosis: lessons in conflict resolution http://www.plosbiology.org/plosonline/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371/journal.pbio.0020068 A general review of bacterial endosymbionts in insects. P. Baumann, N. A. Moran and L. Baumann, Bacteriocyte-associated endosymbionts of insects in M. ...

Endosymbiont

... Endosymbiosis: lessons in conflict resolution http://www.plosbiology.org/plosonline/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371/journal.pbio.0020068 A general review of bacterial endosymbionts in insects. P. Baumann, N. A. Moran and L. Baumann, Bacteriocyte-associated endosymbionts of insects in M. ...
Other Contents
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