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Founder in Biological Definition

Marcello Malpighi

... He was pioneer in using a microscope and he has also been described as a founder of comparative physiology and microscopic anatomy . Malpighi was born ... and veins that had eluded William Harvey . Malpighi is regarded as the founder of microscopic anatomy and the first histologist . Many microscopic ...

Rudolf Steiner

... , playwright , educator , and social thinker, who is best known as the founder of Anthroposophy and its practical applications, including Waldorf ... teaching as foundational, has prompted some critics to see Steiner as a founder of a religion, not as a philosopher in the usual sense of the word. The ...

Cladistics

... based on their overall similarity, while more traditional approaches tend to rely on key characters. Willi Hennig is widely regarded as the founder of cladistics. Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 Introduction 2 Cladistic methods 3 Cladistic classification 4 ...

Eugenics

... in the post-war world, such as Robert Yerkes in the USA and Otmar von Verschuer in Germany. Californian eugenicist Paul Popenoe became the founder of 1950s marriage counseling , a career change which initially grew out of his eugenic interests (promoting "healthy marriages" between "fit" ...

Extinction

... can dramatically reduce genetic diversity by severly limiting the number of reproducing individuals and make inbreeding more frequent. The founder effect can cause rapid, individual-based speciation and is the most dramatic example of a population bottleneck. Habitat degradation The ...

Francis Galton

... ) was an English explorer , statistician , anthropologist , creator of modern eugenics (he coined the term), investigator of the human mind, founder of psychometrics, the science of measuring mental faculties. Historiometry and statistics He was born into the Darwin-Wedgwood family near ...

Ichthyology

... Girard George Brown Goode Albert Gnther Carl L. Hubbs David Starr Jordan Seth Meek John Treadwell Nicholls - China , founder of Copeia John Richardson Norman C. Tate Regan Donn E. Rosen Edwin C. Starks Franz Steindachner Achille Valenciennes ...

Kary Mullis

... of California, Berkeley in 1973 . He has been married four times (including his current marriage), and has two sons and one daughter. He is the founder of the company Altermune, LLC . Idiosyncratic views Mullis holds several highly idiosyncratic views. In his 1998 essay collection Dancing ...

Louis Pasteur

... Louis Pasteur . Johns Hopkins University Press, October 2000; ISBN 0-801-86529-8 . A biography in English. Tiner, John Hudson: "Louis Pasteur: founder of Modern Medicine". Mott Media, 1990; ISBN 0-88062-159-1 (paperback). A biography in English. ...

Population genetics

... -based population geneticist particularly interested in human population genetics. See also Ecological genetics Fitness landscape founder effect Genotype-phenotype distinction Hardy-Weinberg principle Microevolution Molecular evolution Muller's ratchet ...

Speciation

... pressures and b) they independently undergo genetic drift ; particularly when one of the subpopulations is small (a scenario that leads to the " founder effect "). This kind of speciation is evident in many vertebrates ' taxa . See also the issue of Ring species . Another proposed mechanism of ...

Taxonomy

... is Emile Durkheim 's The Elementary Forms of Religious Life . The theories of Kant and Durkheim also influenced Claude Lvi-Strauss , the founder of anthropological structuralism . Lvi-Strauss wrote two important books on taxonomies: Totemism and The Savage Mind . Such taxonomies as ...

Zoology

... of evolutionary theory in the 1940s. Desmond Morris ( ethology ) Thomas Say ( entomology ) E. O Wilson , b. 1929 , ( entomology , founder of sociobiology ) Jakob van Uexkll (animal behavior, invertebrate zoology ) See also botany - the area of biology which studies ...
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