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Fatty in Biological Definition

Insulin

... blood glucose levels in diabetes. increased fatty acid synthesis – insulin forces fat cells to take in glucose which is converted to fatty acids; lack of insulin causes the reverse increased esterification of fatty acids – forces adipose tissue to make ...

Lipid

... of biological origin, including waxes , fatty acids , fatty-acid derived phospholipids, ... built on a glycerol core to which are linked two fatty acid-derived "tails" by ester linkages and one "head" group by a phosphate ester linkage. fatty acids are unbranched hydrocarbon chains, ...

Nutrition

... called into question. The balance of essential fatty acids (linoleic and linolenic oil) has been ... Some examples are : Obesity results in fatty deposits in the abdomen which in turn affect the ... disorders. Imbalances in omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids is thought to be related to autism and ...

Vitamin

... nutrients such as dietary minerals , essential fatty acids or essential amino acids . Nor is it used ... the designation originally given to essential fatty acids that the body cannot manufacture. They were "de-vitaminized" because they are fatty acids ....

Albumin

... Transports other hormones, particularly fat soluble ones Transports fatty acids ("free" fatty acids) Transports unconjugated bilirubin Transports many drugs ...

Citric acid cycle

... In fat catabolism , triglycerides are hydrolyzed to break them into fatty acids and glycerol . In the liver the glycerol can be converted into ... by way of gluconeogenesis. In many tissues, especially heart, fatty acids are broken down through a process known as beta oxidation which ...

Diabetes mellitus

... . Fat in adipose tissue is reduced to triglycerides and fatty acids by lipolysis . Muscle is degraded to release amino acids for gluconeogenesis. The rise of fatty acid levels is accompanied by a rise of ketones ( acetone , ...

Citric acid cycle

... In fat catabolism , triglycerides are hydrolyzed to break them into fatty acids and glycerol . In the liver the glycerol can be converted into ... by way of gluconeogenesis. In many tissues, especially heart, fatty acids are broken down through a process known as beta oxidation which ...

Lipase

... substrates found in oils from food to mono glycerides and free fatty acids . A myriad of other lipase activities exist in nature , especially ... L., and J. P. Arm. 2003. Phospholipase A(2). Prostaglandins Leukot Essent fatty Acids 69:87-97. Egmond, M. R., and C. J. van Bemmel. 1997. Impact of ...

Peroxisome

... function to rid the cell of toxic substances. Peroxisomes also degrade fatty acids and toxic compounds and catalyze the first two steps in the ... build membranes. Peroxisomes are responsible for oxidation of long-chain fatty acids and thereby generating acetyl groups. See Also Zellweger ...

Phospholipid

... of a phospholipid. Phospholipids are formed from four components: fatty acids , a negatively charged phosphate group, an alcohol and a ... Phosphoglycerides In phosphoglycerides, the carboxyl group of each fatty acid is esterified to the hydroxyl groups on carbon-1 and carbon-2. The ...

Coenzyme A

... Coenzyme A ( CoA , CoASH , or HSCoA ) is adapted from pantothenic acid and adenosine triphosphate and used in metabolism in areas such as fatty acid oxidization and the citric acid cycle . Its main function is to carry acyl groups such as acetyl as thioesters . A molecule of ...

Adenosine triphosphate

... influence of ATP synthase or in the case of plants in chloroplasts by photosynthesis . The main fuels for ATP synthesis are glucose and fatty acids . Initially glucose is broken down into pyruvate in the cytosol . Two molecules of ATP are generated for each molecule of glucose. The ...

Alcohol

... natural fats and oils, which are triglycerides (triacylglycerols) Phenol , an alcohol where the hydroxyl group is bound to a benzene ring fatty alcohols are derived from natural fats and oils , for example lauryl alcohol (1-dodecanol, 12 carbons) or stearyl alcohol (1-octadecanol, 18 ...

Anabolism

... for gluconeogenesis (much like burning furniture in your house as fuel because you are out of firewood), and breakdown of fat in adipose to fatty acids for fuel. Because it is counterproductive to have anabolic and catabolic processes occurring in cells simultaneously, there are many signals ...

Anabolism

... for gluconeogenesis (much like burning furniture in your house as fuel because you are out of firewood), and breakdown of fat in adipose to fatty acids for fuel. Because it is counterproductive to have anabolic and catabolic processes occurring in cells simultaneously, there are many signals ...

Endoplasmic reticulum

... functions in several metabolic processes. It takes part in the synthesis of various lipids (e.g., for building membranes such as phospholipids ), fatty acids and steroids (e.g., hormones ), and also plays an important role in carbohydrate metabolism , detoxification of the cell (enzymes in the ...

Fermentation

... acetic acid , and alkaline fermentations " "Enrichment of food substrates biologically with protein, essential amino acids , essential fatty acids , and vitamins" "Detoxification during food fermentation processing" "A decrease in cooking times and fuel requirements" Fermentation ...

Fungus

... have a high level of innate immunity to fungi and most of the infections they cause are mild and self-limiting. This resistance is due to: fatty acid content of the skin . pH of the skin, mucosal surfaces and body fluids Epithelial turnover Normal flora Transferrin ...

Kwashiorkor

... Important anti-oxidants in the body that are reduced in children with kwashiorkor include glutathione , albumin , vitamin E and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Therefore, if a child with reduced type I nutrients or anti-oxidants is exposed to stress (e.g. an infection or toxin) he/she is more liable ...

Metabolism

... 4 External links Metabolic pathways Important metabolic pathways are: General pathways Carbohydrate metabolism fatty acid metabolism Citric acid cycle (Krebs cycle, tricarboxylic acid cycle) Catabolism Catabolic pathways that breakdown complex ...

Mitochondrion

... involved in such diverse activities such as the oxidation of epinephrine (adrenaline), the degradation of tryptophan , and the elongation of fatty acids . The inner mitochondrial membrane, in contrast, contains more than 100 different polypeptides , and has a very high protein to phospholipid ...

Mitochondrion

... involved in such diverse activities such as the oxidation of epinephrine (adrenaline), the degradation of tryptophan , and the elongation of fatty acids . The inner mitochondrial membrane, in contrast, contains more than 100 different polypeptides , and has a very high protein to phospholipid ...

Endoplasmic reticulum

... functions in several metabolic processes. It takes part in the synthesis of various lipids (e.g., for building membranes such as phospholipids ), fatty acids and steroids (e.g., hormones ), and also plays an important role in carbohydrate metabolism , detoxification of the cell (enzymes in the ...

Endoplasmic reticulum

... functions in several metabolic processes. It takes part in the synthesis of various lipids (e.g., for building membranes such as phospholipids ), fatty acids and steroids (e.g., hormones ), and also plays an important role in carbohydrate metabolism , detoxification of the cell (enzymes in the ...

Endoplasmic reticulum

... functions in several metabolic processes. It takes part in the synthesis of various lipids (e.g., for building membranes such as phospholipids ), fatty acids and steroids (e.g., hormones ), and also plays an important role in carbohydrate metabolism , detoxification of the cell (enzymes in the ...
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