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Family in Biological Definition

Apoptosis

... (Bcl-Xl and Bcl-2) members of the Bcl-2 family is compromised. This balance is the proportion ... permeable, aparently these members of the Bcl-2 family have a pore-forming domain. This results in the ... the articles on caspases and the Bcl-2 protein family ). The whole process requires energy and a ...

Charles Darwin

... , England , on 12 February 1809 at the family home, The Mount House . He was the fifth of six ... of Erasmus Darwin , and of Josiah Wedgwood , a family of the Unitarian church. See also Darwin–Wedgwood family . His mother died when he was only eight and ...

Morphogenesis

... products derived from members of the "gap" family of developmental control genes. Hunchback , ... of this page. The gap genes are part of a larger family called the segmentation genes . These genes ... for by segmentation genes regulate yet another family of developmental control genes, the homeotic ...

Foot and mouth disease

... disease is caused by an Aphthovirus of the viral family Picornaviridae . The members of this family are small (25-30 nm), nonenveloped icosahedral ... disease is caused by a different virus of the family Picornaviridae, namely, an Enterovirus called ...

Homeobox

... homeobox genes and form the homeobox gene family . A homeobox is about 180 base pairs long; it ... Pit-1 is a member of the POU DNA-binding domain family of transcription factors so it can bind to DNA ... yeasts and plants. This suggests that this gene family evolved very early and that the basic mechanisms ...

Morphogenesis

... products derived from members of the "gap" family of developmental control genes. Hunchback , ... of this page. The gap genes are part of a larger family called the segmentation genes . These genes ... for by segmentation genes regulate yet another family of developmental control genes, the homeotic ...

Virus classification

... cellular organisms: Order ( -virales ) family ( -viridae ) Subfamily ( -virinae ) Genus ... Caudovirales (tailed bacteriophages ). family Myoviridae - e.g. Enterobacteria phage T4 family Podoviridae ...

Ebola

... When Lokela returned home from the hospital and died, the women of his family conducted a traditional African funeral for him. In preparation for this ... and excreta from his body with their bare hands. Most of the women in his family died soon afterwards (Draper 19). Meanwhile, the nurses at the hospital ...

Endoplasmic reticulum

... proteins is made possible by several ER proteins including: PDI , Hsc70 family , calnexin , calreticulin , and the peptidylpropyl isomerase family . Only properly folded proteins are transported from the RER to the Golgi ...

Eugenics

... began to promote eugenics. In years to come the ERO collected a mass of family pedigrees, which concluded that those that were unfit were from ... as primary methods, Goddard favored segregation in his The Kallikak family , Grant favored all of the above and more -- even entertaining the idea ...

Gene

... symbol maintains parallel construction in different members of a gene family and can also be used in other species , especially the mouse . ... , Homeobox , Human Genome Project , Genomics , DNA , Protein , Gene family Genetic programming , Genetic algorithm Meme , Memetics List ...

Konrad Lorenz

... in 1973 but continued to research and publish from Altenberg (his family home, near Vienna) and Grnau in Austria. He died on February 27 , 1989 ... There are three Konrad Lorenz Institutes in Austria; one is housed in his family mansion at Altenberg, and another at his field station in Grnau. Lorenz ...

Oncogene

... etc. Cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases like the Src-family, Syk-ZAP-70 family and BTK family of tyrosine kinases. Regulatory GTPases , for example, the Ras ...

Endoplasmic reticulum

... proteins is made possible by several ER proteins including: PDI , Hsc70 family , calnexin , calreticulin , and the peptidylpropyl isomerase family . Only properly folded proteins are transported from the RER to the Golgi ...

Rudolf Steiner

... Croatia , then part of Austria-Hungary . When he was two years old, the family moved into Burgenland , Austria, in the foothills of the eastern Alps . ... level, should be provided for by private and|or state scholarships that a family could direct to the school of its choice. Steiner was a supporter of ...

Endoplasmic reticulum

... proteins is made possible by several ER proteins including: PDI , Hsc70 family , calnexin , calreticulin , and the peptidylpropyl isomerase family . Only properly folded proteins are transported from the RER to the Golgi ...

Endoplasmic reticulum

... proteins is made possible by several ER proteins including: PDI , Hsc70 family , calnexin , calreticulin , and the peptidylpropyl isomerase family . Only properly folded proteins are transported from the RER to the Golgi ...

Alfred Russel Wallace

... . He was the eighth of nine children of Thomas Vere Wallace and Mary Anne Greenell. He attended grammar school in Hertford , but left when his family lost their remaining property. He worked for his older brother William in his surveying business, and between 1840 and 1843 spent his time ...

Avian influenza

... Infection The causative agent is the avian influenza (AI) virus . AI viruses all belong to the influenza virus A genus of the Orthomyxoviridae family and are negative-stranded, segmented RNA viruses . Avian influenza spreads in the air and in manure . Wild fowl often act as resistant ...

BLAST

... searches against constantly updated databases of proteins and DNA that include most of the newly sequenced organisms. BLAST is actually a family of programs (all included in the blastall executable). The following are some of the programs, ranked mostly in order of importance: ...

Blood

... Due to its importance to life, blood is associated with a large number of beliefs. One of the most basic is the use of blood as a symbol for family relationships; to be "related by blood" is to be related by ancestry or descendance, rather than marriage. This bears closely to bloodlines , and ...

Crassulacean acid metabolism

... CAM is usually found in plants living under arid conditions, including those found in the desert (for example, cactus). It is named after the plant family it was first discovered in, the crassulaceae . Synopsis Plants that are adapted to drier climates are called xerophytes . Some of these ...

Crassulacean acid metabolism

... CAM is usually found in plants living under arid conditions, including those found in the desert (for example, cactus). It is named after the plant family it was first discovered in, the crassulaceae . Synopsis Plants that are adapted to drier climates are called xerophytes . Some of these ...

Cancer

... treatments (such as chemotherapy ) may have severe side-effects. In the advanced stages of cancer, many patients need extensive care, affecting family members and friends. Palliative care solutions may include permanent or "respite" hospice nursing. Cancer research Cancer research is ...

Carolus Linnaeus

... as more appropriate for a clergyman on his matriculation at Lund University ; the name deriving from the lime [1] tree after which the family farm, Linnagrd, took its name. Linnaean taxonomy Although taxonomists, in almost any biological field, are familiar with the work of Carolus ...

Chromatography

... Chromatography is a family of analytical chemistry techniques for the separation of mixtures . It involves passing the sample, a mixture which contains the analyte , in ...

Cladistics

... Paraphyletic taxa are necessary for classifying earlier sections of the tree - for instance, the early vertebrates that would someday evolve into the family Hominidae can not be placed in any other monophyletic family. They also argue that paraphyletic taxa provide information about significant changes ...

Culture

... have more money and women have more freedom. Television not only brought similar visual programming into many homes, but also influenced how and when family members interact with each other. Contact between cultures can result in diffusion, or on a larger scale, acculturation . In diffusion ...

Diabetes mellitus

... at age 40 or 50 years, and sometimes occasionally thereafter. Earlier screening is recommended for those with risk factors such as obesity , family history of diabetes, high risk ethnicity (Hispanic [Latin American], American Indian, African American, Pacific Island, and South Asian ancestry). ...

Ploidy

... eggs: the sperm provides a second set of chromosomes when it fertilizes the egg. Haplodiploidy is found in many species of insects from the family Hymenoptera , particularly ants , bees , and wasps . It increases the significance of kin selection , which may explain the eusociality of ...

Down syndrome

... crease . Early educational intervention, screening for common problems such as thyroid functioning, medical treatment where indicated, a conducive family environment, vocational training, etc. can improve the overall development of children with Down syndrome. On the one hand, Down syndrome shows that ...

Escherichia coli

... or display). Severity of the illness varies considerably; it can, rarely, be fatal, but is more often mild. A "strain" of E. coli is a family with some particular characteristics that make it recognizable from other E. coli strains, the way poodles are recognizable from other strains ...

Edward Jenner

... until the infection from inoculation had run its course, the subject was infected, and infectious, with actual smallpox. This made them a risk to any family or acquaintances not already immune. There was a local folk tradition amongst those who milked cows, that an infection with the so-called ' ...

Entomology

... stage of the life cycle the insect/bug is in, et cetera. Taxonomic specialization Many entomologists specialize in a single order or even a family of insects, and a number of these subspecialties have their own names, derived from the scientific name of the group: Coleopterology - beetles ...

Evolutionary developmental biology

... and timing of the genetic network, as distinct from the functioning of the individual genes in the network The discovery of the homeotic Hox gene family in vertebrates in the 1980s , allowed researchers in developmental biology to empirically assess the relative roles of the above two factors, ...

Evolutionary tree

... phylogeny and biodiversity More examples http://www.aisee.com/graph_of_the_month/jura.htm — The most detailed and comprehensive family tree of dinosaurs yet available http://www.omne-vivum.com tree of life with lots of pictures ...

Ewens's sampling formula

... induced by a uniformly distributed random permutation . As the probability that no two of the n genes are the same approaches 1. This family of probability distributions enjoys the property that if after the sample of n is taken, m of the n gametes are chosen without replacement, ...

Flaviviridae

... Flavivirus Pestivirus Hepacivirus The Flaviviridae are a family of viruses that infect mammals . They include the following genera: Genus Flavivirus (type species Yellow fever virus , others ...

Francis Galton

... mind, founder of psychometrics, the science of measuring mental faculties. Historiometry and statistics He was born into the Darwin-Wedgwood family near Sparkbrook, Birmingham and was Charles Darwin 's half first cousin, his mother and Darwin's father having been children of Erasmus Darwin ...

Halobacteria

... Haloterrigena Natrialba Natrinema Natronobacterium Natronococcus Natronomonas Natronorubrum The halobacteria are a family of archaea , found in water saturated or nearly saturated with salt. They are also called halophiles , though this name is also used for other ...
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