... disease (doubled risk), chronic renal failure
(it is the main cause for dialysis ), retinal ... from unnoticed type 2 diabetes, including renal failure
, and coronary artery disease .
Type 2 ... to microangiopathy ) which can lead to renal failure
Large vessel disease complications:
... kidneys are incapable of this, i.e. in renal failure
Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") ...
The decision to dialyse
In acute renal failure
, dialysis is generally initiated when the renal ... the body's physiology.
In chronic renal failure
(or end-stage ...
... and throat, fever , vomiting , diarrhea , abdominal pain and kidney failure
. Death from respiratory failure
can follow. There is no antidote.
In laboratory ...
... is prominently reflected in human culture. (See also food science .) failure
to obtain food leads to hunger and eventually starvation , while failure
to obtain water leads to dehydration and thirst . Both starvation and ...
... others. Less commonly, liver transplantation is done for fulminant hepatic failure
, in which liver failure
occurs over days to weeks. Liver allografts for transplant usually ...
... in some genetic disorders ( inborn errors of metabolism ), and in liver failure
. The result in liver failure
is accumulation of nitrogenous waste, mainly ammonia, which leads to ...
... larger doses result in a state known as drunkenness or intoxication and, depending on the dose and regularity of use, can cause acute respiratory failure
or death and with chronic use can cause severe health problems, such as liver and brain damage.
Other alcohols are substantially more poisonous ...
... antibiotic misuse include taking an inappropriate antibiotic, in particular the use of antibacterials for viral infections like the common cold, and failure
to take the entire prescribed course of the antibiotic, usually because the patient feels better before the infecting organism is completely ...
... cell death, excess of apoptotic material and altered clearance may induce autoreactive immune responses. On the other side of the spectrum, failure
to die, as exemplified in MRL/1pr mice and human lymphoproliferative disorder, may allow persistence of autoreactive cells and prevent the resolution ...
... this is otherwise a generalization. Some types of cancer have a prognosis that is substantially better than nonmalignant diseases such as heart failure
and stroke . Nonetheless, in the late 1990's cancer overtook heart disease as the leading cause of death in the United Kingdom, and in 2002 the ...
S 0 gas
C p 65.21 J/molK
Nausea, vomiting, CNS depression. Respiratory failure
in severe cases.
Chronic effects Dependency. Liver cirrhosis.
Flash point 17C (62.6F)
Autoignition temperature 425C ...
... heart attack, blindness (from proliferative diabetic retinopathy ), toehr vascular damage, nerve damage from diabetic neuropathy , or kidney failure
from diabetic nephropathy . These studies have demonstrated beyond doubt that, if it is possible for a patient, so-called intensive ...
... nephrotic syndrome include swelling, low serum albumin, and high cholesterol.
Renal cell carcinoma
(acute and chronic)
Dialysis and kidney transplants
Generally, one can ...
Magnetic resonance imaging
... towards MRI scanning: interaction of the magnetic and radiofrequency fields with such an object can lead to mechanical or thermal injury, or failure
of an implanted device.
As a result of the very high strength of the magnetic field needed to produce scans (frequently up to 60,000 times the ...
... of muscular tissue due to any cause. While it may not lead to any muscular symptoms at all, the myoglobin thus released may cause acute renal failure
Tumors of muscle include:
Smooth muscle: leiomyoma (benign, very common in the uterus ), leiomyosarcoma (malignant, very rare)
... dopamine levels.
Diseases may affect specific neurotransmitter pathways. For example, Parkinson's disease is at least in part related to failure
of dopaminergic cells in deep-brain nuclei , for example the substantia nigra. Treatments potentiating the effect of dopamine precursors have been ...
... In biology , nondisjunction is the failure
of a chromosome to split correctly during meiosis .
This results in the production of gametes which have either more or less of the usual ...
... ABO and Rh. Blood transfusions from incompatible groups can cause an immunological transfusion reaction , resulting in hemolytic anemia , renal failure
, shock , and death.
... to become more autonomous. This autonomy went on increasing over the centuries, and with the slow rise of egalitarianism and individualism, the failure
adequately to separate economics, politics and culture was felt increasingly as a source of injustice.
Examples of the Kinds of Threefold ...
... and the heart. There may be hemorrhage from the digestive tract (bloody vomit). Later the disease is sometimes complicated by jaundice with liver failure
and/or renal insufficiency with proteinuria. If the disease progresses, delirium, seizures and coma ensue. Hypotension and dehydration are also ...