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Ecology in Biological Definition

Biology

... populations and their habitats are examined in ecology and evolutionary biology . A speculative new ... in an ecosystem , and is the province of ecology . Scope of biology Main article: List ... genetics and developmental biology . The ecology of animals is covered under ...

Fungus

... 3.1 Sexual 3.2 Asexual 4 Nutrition and ecology 4.1 Pathogenic species 5 Taxonomy ... fairy rings are an example. Nutrition and ecology Fungi are heterotrophic , that is they get ... Fungal molecular systematics. Annual Review of ecology and Systematics 22:525-564. Bruns, T. D., R. ...

Macroecology

... Macroecology is the subfield of ecology which deals with the study of relationships ... 0-632-05653-3 External links Global ecology and Biogeography - an important journal of macroecology Evolutionary ecology Research - a journal of macroecology ...

Parasitology

... molecular biology , immunology , genetics and ecology . The parasitic mode of life is the most ... 1.2 Veterinary parasitology 1.3 Parasite ecology and population genetics 1.4 Taxonomy and ... which are not resistant. Parasite ecology and population genetics The study of parasites ...

Parthenogenesis

... M. & Bogart, James P. (1989). Evolution and ecology of Unisexual Vertebrates . Albany, New York: New ... Rispe, Claude & Sunnucks, Paul. (2002). ecology and evolution of sex in aphids. Trends in ecology & Evolution, 17 , 34-39. Stearns, ...

Alga

... algae 1.2 Eukaryotic algae 2 Forms of algae 3 Algal ecology 4 External links Relationships among algal groups ... layers, a characteristic not found in the other algal groups. Algal ecology Algae are a significant part of aquatic ecology. Larger algae, called ...

Carolus Linnaeus

... scheme of taxonomy . He is also considered one of the fathers of modern ecology (see History of ecology ). Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 Biography ...

Drosophila

... 1 Name 2 Physique 3 Lifecycle and ecology 3.1 Habitat 3.2 Reproduction 3.3 Predators 4 External ... tubular network which provides the organs with oxygen. Lifecycle and ecology Habitat Drosophila is found primarily in tropical regions. "The ...

Ecological genetics

... ). Ecological Genetics Cain A.J. and W.B. Provine ( 1992 ). Genes and ecology in history. In: R.J. Berry, T.J. Crawford and G.M. Hewitt (eds). Genes in ecology . Blackwell Scientific: Oxford. (Provides a good historical background) ...

Lichen

... 1 Morphology and structure 2 Reproduction 3 ecology 4 Classification 5 External links Morphology and ... body types are the apothecia , perithecia and the pycnidia . ecology Because lichens are morphologically small relative to most terrestrial ...

Limnology

... Limnology , 3 vols. (1957-1975) - classic but dated H.B.N. Hynes , The ecology of Running Waters (1970) Jacob Kalff , Limnology (Prentice Hall , 2001) B. Moss , ecology of Fresh Waters ( Blackwell , 1998) Robert G. Wetzel , Limnology: ...

Metapopulation

... a species habitat will always be unoccupied. See also Landscape ecology Conservation biology References Levins, R. (1969) "Some ... Society of America , 71 , 237-240 Hanski, I. Metapopulation ecology Oxford University Press. 1999. ISBN 0198540655 ...

Natural selection

... in such conditions, or in any circumstance where survival is determined by ecology more than by the secondary sexual characteristics, an ecological ... to mating, and is of modern usage, having grown up with the field of ecology itself). Darwin's scientific theory of the evolution of species ...

Alga

... algae 1.2 Eukaryotic algae 2 Forms of algae 3 Algal ecology 4 External links Relationships among algal groups ... layers, a characteristic not found in the other algal groups. Algal ecology Algae are a significant part of aquatic ecology. Larger algae, called ...

Zoology

... biology , molecular genetics and developmental biology The ecology of animals is covered under behavioral ecology and other fields Evolutionary biology of both animals and plants is ...

Alfred Russel Wallace

... of ecology, and awards Wallace was the first to propose a "geography" of animal species, and as such is considered one of the precursors of ecology and biogeography . Awards Among the many awards presented to Wallace were the Order of Merit ( 1908 ), the Royal Society 's Copley Medal ...

Artificial life

... to animate natural forms such as plant life, animal movement, hair growth, and complicated organic textures. The Unit of Theoretical Behavioural ecology at the Free University of Brussels applied the self-organization theories of Ilya Prigogine and the work of entomologist E.O. Wilson to ...

Biochemistry

... publications in biochemistry (biology) Important publications in biochemistry (chemistry) List of geneticists & biochemists Chemical ecology External links The Virtual Library of Biochemistry and Cell Biology ...

Botany

... and the biodiversity of whole plants. At the top end of this scale, plants can be studied in populations, communities and ecosystems (as in ecology ). At each of these levels a botanist might be concerned with the classification ( taxonomy ), structure ( anatomy ), or function ( physiology ) of ...

Charles Darwin

... an enormous number of specimens, many new to science, which established his reputation as a naturalist and made him one of the precursors of ecology . His detailed notes formed the basis for his later work as well as providing social, political, and anthropological insights into the areas he ...

Competitive exclusion principle

... stable coexistence allow for unlimited number of species to coexist, yet in nature, any community contains just a handful of species. See also: ecology References Gause, G. F. (1934). The struggle for existence . Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins. ...

Digital organism

... B. (2003). Digital Evolution. PLoS Biology 1 , 011-014. Wilke, C.O. & Adami, C. (2002). The biology of digital organisms. Trends in ecology and Evolution 17 , 528-532. ...

Cold-blooded

... often have much shorter generations than homeotherms: weeks rather than years. This energy difference also means that a given niche of a given ecology can support three to ten times the number of poikilothermic animals as homeothermic animals. However, in a given niche, homeotherms often drive ...

Endosymbiont

... Symbiodinium dinoflagellate endosymbionts in marine metazoa and protists Excellent review paper covering the role of Symbiodinium in reef ecology and the current state of research: FLEXIBILITY AND SPECIFICITY IN CORAL-ALGAL SYMBIOSIS: Diversity, Ecology, and Biogeography of Symbiodinium. ...

Endosymbiont

... Symbiodinium dinoflagellate endosymbionts in marine metazoa and protists Excellent review paper covering the role of Symbiodinium in reef ecology and the current state of research: FLEXIBILITY AND SPECIFICITY IN CORAL-ALGAL SYMBIOSIS: Diversity, Ecology, and Biogeography of Symbiodinium. ...

Entomology

... are directly beneficial or harmful to humans. The study of beneficial insects, such as honeybees and silkworms , is primarily focused on their ecology and life habits, the primary concern being the understanding of how to raise them and make them more productive. Conversely, much of the study of ...

Ernst Haeckel

... . He was one of the first to consider psychology as a branch of physiology . He also proposed many now ubiquitous terms including " phylum " and " ecology ." His chief interests lay in evolution and life development processes in general, including development of nonrandom form, which culminated in the ...

Evolution

... The central role of natural selection in evolutionary theory has given rise to a strong connection between that field and the study of ecology . Mutations that are not affected by natural selection are called neutral mutations . Their frequency in the population is governed entirely by ...

Evolutionary biology

... and cell biology , many universities have split (or aggregated) their biology departments into molecular and cell biology -style departments and ecology and evolutionary biology -style departments (which often have subsumed older departments in paleontology , zoology and the like). Microbiology ...

Extinction

... In biology and ecology , extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. The moment of extinction is generally considered to be the death of ...

Gamete

... is a current area of evolutionary research. Reference Randerson, J.P., and Hurst, L.D. 2001. The uncertain evolution of the sexes. Trends in ecology & Evolution 16(10):571-579 External link Gametogenesis (spermatogenesis, oogenesis) & fertilization ...

Herpetology

... interesting area of study in its own right, herpetology offers benefits to humanity in the study of the role of amphibians and reptiles in global ecology , in particular in the role of amphibians as long-range ecological warning devices (their decline worldwide is the subject of much study) and the use ...

Human

... See also Anthropology Culture Civilization homo (genus) , humanoid human behaviour human biology , human ecology , human evolution , human variability environmentalism space and survival world population , world hunger human rights , ...

Kinesiology

... The applications of kinesiology can also incorporate knowledge from other disciplines such as psychology , sociology , cultural studies , ecology , evolutionary biology , and anthropology . Related interdisciplinary fields in motor skills , skills research are graphonomics , i.e., the ...

Marine biology

... biomimetic materials . Related fields Marine biology is closely linked to both oceanography and biology . It also encompasses ideas from ecology . Fisheries science can be considered a partial offshoot of marine biology, as can marine conservation . Lifeforms Microscopic life ...

Paleontology

... of biodiversity . So paleontology overlaps with geology , the study of rocks and rock formations, and with botany , biology , zoology , and ecology , fields concerned with living creatures and how they interact. Palynology is the study of pollen, whether modern or geological. The major ...

Physiology

... of individual cells . Physiology also has many related and allied fields: Ecophysiology tries to understand how physiological traits affect the ecology of a given animal or plant and vice-versa. Genetics is not the only factor that affects the physiology of animals and plants. Environmental ...

Population

... are studied in sociology , economics , and geography . Plant and animal populations are studied in biology , in particular in that branch of ecology known as population biology , and in population genetics . In biology, a population denotes a breeding group whose members breed mostly or solely ...

Thermoregulation

... animal's internal environment and its external environment (the study of such processes in zoology has been called ecophysiology or physiological ecology ). Whereas an organism that thermoregulates is one that keeps its temperature constant and adapts to the temperature of the environment, ...
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