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Downstream in Biological Definition

Apoptosis

... loop that spirals into increasing release of pro-apoptotic factors from mitochondria (see below), and the amplified activation of caspase-8. downstream from TNF-R1 and Fas activation - at least in mammalian cells - a balance between pro- (like BAX, BID, or BAD) and anti-apoptotic (Bcl-Xl and Bcl-2) ...

Barr body

... evidence suggests that the maternally inherited gene may be imprinted . It is thought that this constitutes the mechanism of choice, and allows downstream processes to establish the compact state of the Barr body. These changes include histone modifications, such as histone H3 methylation and ...

Blood

... ( amino acids , lipids , hormones ) to be transported between tissues and organs. Problems with blood composition or circulation can lead to downstream tissue dysfunction. Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 Blood of different species 1.1 Humans 1.2 Small invertebrates ...

Enhancer

... transcription initiation site to affect its transcription, as some have been found to bind several hundreds of thousands base pairs upstream or downstream of the start site. Enhancers can also be found inside introns . An enhancer's orientation may even be reversed without affecting its function. ...

Promoter

... nucleotides TTGACA. Its presence allows a very high transcription rate. <-- upstream downstream 5'-XXXXXXXPPPPPXXXXXXPPPPPPXXXXGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGXXXX-3' -35 -10 Gene to be transcribed ...

Signal transduction

... pathway. Signal amplification at the transmembrane hormone receptor A receptor that has been activated by a hormone can activate many downstream effector proteins. For example, a rhodopsin molecule in the plasma membrane of a retina cell in the eye that was activated by a photon can ...
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(Date:9/2/2014)... New research suggests that professional baseball pitchers with poor ... days in a single season because of injury than are ... back and pelvis. , In the study, 347 pitchers were ... tilt in their pelvis as they raised a leg to ... miss at least 30 days cumulative, not consecutive ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... the University of Warwick in the UK and the ... Journal Early Human Development , has found that ... birth and the use of mechanical ventilation are key ... Mathematic abilities are crucial for lifelong academic attainment. Impairments ... Earlier studies of children who are born very preterm ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... the most ideal source of nutrition for infants ... in the evolution and civilizations of human beings. ... large number of bacterial species, including some opportunistic ... surprise to scientists and physicians. , Indeed, the ... the result of co-evolutionary and co-adaptive interactions between ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):In pro baseball pitchers, weak core linked to more missed days 2In pro baseball pitchers, weak core linked to more missed days 3Mechanical ventilation a key indicator for pre-term children's math problems 2Are human breast milk microbiome 'neutral'? 2Are human breast milk microbiome 'neutral'? 3
(Date:9/2/2014)... San Diego, CA (PRWEB) September 02, 2014 ... guide titled, β€œIs Group Therapy Right for Me?” The ... joining group therapy or counseling, in addition to common ... in group therapy improve not only from the interventions ... the group and receiving feedback from group members,” says ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... Friendship Village of Schaumburg is proud to introduce ... marketing presence and visually solidifies the relationship between ... Options,” said Stephen A. Yenchek, president and CEO ... we are making sure that our identity is ... , Friendship Village is a retirement community offering ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... Sept. 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Complications are ... and reconstruction, a new study indicates. However, ... was associated with a slightly higher risk for ... study included more than 18,000 breast cancer patients ... double mastectomy with breast reconstruction and were followed ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... the emergency department within a few days of discharge do ... have lost trust in other parts of the health care ... today in Annals of Emergency Medicine ( "Return ... , "When asked why they did not follow up ... too severe to wait until their scheduled appointment or being ...
(Date:9/2/2014)... 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Two new studies further confirm ... 6-year-olds who were breast-fed have a lower risk of ... while the other finds a similar trend when it ... benefits of breast-feeding in the immediate newborn period," said ... in New York City. She was not involved in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Friendship Village of Schaumburg In Illinois Announces New Logo 2Health News:Complication Rates Low With Mastectomy, Breast Reconstruction: Study 2Health News:Discharged patients return to the ER because 'better safe than sorry' 2Health News:More Evidence Breast-Feeding Lowers Child's Risk of Infections, Allergies 2
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