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Disease in Biological Definition

Brain

... Neurodegenerative diseases , such as Alzheimer's disease , Parkinson's disease , and Huntington's disease , are caused by the gradual death of individual ...

Cancer

... malignancies , leukemia , lymphoma , Hodgkin's disease , non-Hodgkin's lymphoma , multiple myeloma , ... , hepatic, lymphomas (such as Hodgkin's disease ), epithelial. Diagnosing cancer Biopsy ... for staging, e.g. determining the extent of the disease and whether there has been metastasis to ...

Computed axial tomography

... in the diagnosis of a large number of different disease entities. Cranial CT Diagnosis of ... the lung parenchyma. For detection of airspace disease (such as pneumonia ) or cancer , ordinary ... Abdominal and pelvic CT Many abdominal disease processes require CT for proper diagnosis. The ...

Diabetes mellitus

... Longer-term complications include cardiovascular disease (doubled risk), chronic renal failure (it is ... Long-term complications 5 Management of the disease 5.1 Monitoring 6 Public ... in the United States alone. The Centers for disease Control has termed the change an epidemic . The ...

Ebola

... identified, severe, often fatal infectious disease occurring in humans and some primates caused ... area was quarantined , which soon brought the disease back under control. This quarantine simply meant ... then contacted the United States Centers for disease Control (CDC) for help. The CDC informed the ...

Foot and mouth disease

... Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), sometimes called hoof-and-mouth disease , is a highly contagious but non-fatal viral disease of cattle and pigs . It can also infect ...

Immune system

... of immune deficiency. Chronic granulomatous disease , in which phagocytes have trouble destroying ... Immune Deficiency Syndrome"), an infectious disease , caused by the HIV virus that destroys CD4 + ... Other examples of overzealous immune responses in disease include hypersensitivities such as allergies ...

Immunology

... who had recovered from a previous bout of the disease could nurse the sick without coming down with ... response (examples include chronic granulomatous disease ), and autoimmunity , in which the immune system ... , rheumatoid arthritis , Hashimoto's disease and myasthenia gravis ). Other immune system ...

Liver

... latter becomes the ligamentum venosum . In the disease state of cirrhosis and portal hypertension , ... or hepatitis Hemochromatosis , a hereditary disease causing the accumulation of iron in the body, ... of the gastrointestinal tract ) Wilson's disease , a ...

Louis Pasteur

... for his demonstration of the germ theory of disease and his development techniques of inoculation , ... antiseptic methods in surgery . In 1865 , a disease called pebrine was killing great numbers of ... bacteria had spoiled and failed to induce the disease in some chickens he was infecting with the ...

Malaria

... or marsh fever in English ) is an infectious disease which in humans causes about 500 million ... 1 Mechanism of the disease 2 Treatment and prevention 2.1 Prospects of disease control 2.2 DDT controversy 3 Sickle ...

Muscle

... 4.2 Afferent leg 5 Role in health and disease 5.1 Exercise 5.2 disease 6 The strongest human muscle 7 ... a smooth projection. Role in health and disease Exercise Exercise is often recommended as ...

Nutrition

... and to maintain the balance between health and disease . Also included is the idea of an optimal ... 'diseases of civilization' - diabetes , heart disease and cancer - than Europeans, and their varied ... Journal, February 21, 2004.) Alzheimer's disease may be linked to B vitamin deficiencies. (See ...

Prion

... diseases (TSEs) , including scrapie (a disease of sheep ), kuru (found in members of the ... tribe in Papua New Guinea ), Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), Chronic Wasting disease , and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (mad ...

Stem cell

... stem cells have been used to treat Gunther's disease , Hunter syndrome , Hurler syndrome , Acute ... due to spinal cord injuries , Parkinson's disease and other illnesses. Potential treatments ... and cures for diseases like Lou Gehrig's disease , muscular dystrophy , and spinal cord ...

Yellow fever

... a source of several devastating epidemics. The disease is caused by an arbovirus of the family ... are the primary in transmission of the disease from forest monkeys to man and in man-to-man ... and Sabethes genera. The course of the disease varies from an inapparent infection to an intense ...

Virus

... as the causative agent of neurological disease in horses, could be responsible for psychiatric ... humans. The relative ability of viruses to cause disease is described in terms of virulence . The ... may have been very large. The damage done by this disease may have significantly aided European attempts to ...

Vitamin

... helped prevent scurvy , a particularly deadly disease characterized by bleeding and severe pain. In ... rice instead of polished helped prevent the disease beriberi . The following year, Frederick ... although prolonged vitamin deficit results in a disease state, often painful and potentially deadly. ...

X chromosome

... 1 Function 2 Role in disease 2.1 Numerical abnormalities 2.2 Other ... active that was previously supposed. Role in disease Numerical abnormalities Klinefelter ... insensitivity syndrome Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease Coffin-Lowry syndrome ...

Bacterium

... (1843-1910) described the role of bacteria as conveyors and causes of disease or pathogens . Originally the bacteria were considered microscopic ... environment , and animals , including humans . The role of bacteria in disease and infection is important. Some bacteria act as pathogens and cause ...

Blood

... of carbon dioxide 3.4 Transport of hydrogen ions 4 Health and disease 4.1 Ancient medicine 4.2 Diagnosis 4.3 Pathology 4.4 ... does oxyhemoglobin so it binds most of the hydrogen ions. Health and disease Ancient medicine Hippocratic medicine considered blood one of the ...

Bacterium

... (1843-1910) described the role of bacteria as conveyors and causes of disease or pathogens . Originally the bacteria were considered microscopic ... environment , and animals , including humans . The role of bacteria in disease and infection is important. Some bacteria act as pathogens and cause ...

Eugenics

... sexual criminals, lunatics, and those suffering from an incurable disease which would be passed on to their offspring . . ." [1] Sweden forcibly ... , it has reduced the ratio of children born with the hereditary blood disease from 1 out of every 158 births to almost zero. In modern bioethics ...

Extinction

... causes 2.2 Habitat degradation 2.3 Predation, competition, and disease 2.4 Coextinction 3 Effects 4 Mass extinctions 5 Human ... causing some species to become extinct. Predation, competition, and disease Coextinction Main article: Coextinction Effects Mass ...

Gene therapy

... of genes into an individual's cells and tissues to treat a disease , and hereditary diseases in particular. Gene therapy typically aims to ... in all the cells of the patient. The missing gene is now replaced and the disease is cured. This technique is called gene therapy . Three types of ...

Hepatitis B

... on. The primary method of transmission depends on the prevalence of the disease in a given area. In low prevalence areas, such as the continental United ... unprotected sex are the primary method. In moderate prevalence areas, the disease is predominantly spread among children. In high prevalence countries, ...

Lipase

... the gene encoding lipoprotein lipase [2] . Cholesteryl Ester Storage disease (CESD) and Wolman disease are both caused by mutations in the gene encoding lysosomal lipase, also ...

Marfan syndrome

... pediatrician Antoine Marfan , who first described it in 1896 . The disease is characterized by unusually long limbs . Contents ... which can have severe consequences on support and stability. A related disease has been found in mice , and it is hoped that the study of mouse ...

Outbreak

... of patients and suspected carriers of the disease. Hoof and mouth disease (UK foot and mouth disease ) is a major animal epidemic virus affecting the agricultural industry of ...

Robert Koch

... , which say that to establish that an organism is the cause of a disease , it must be : found in all cases of the disease examined prepared and maintained in a pure culture capable of ...

Semen

... 1 Composition 2 Semen and transmission of disease 3 Cultural views 4 See also 5 References 6 External ... by the female against the foreign semen. Semen and transmission of disease Semen is in itself harmless on the skin or if swallowed. However, ...

Skin

... 1 Layers 2 Types 3 Functions 4 Aging and disease 5 See also 6 External links Layers Skin is composed ... sebaceous glands and smooth arrector pili muscles . Aging and disease As skin ages, it becomes thinner and more easily damaged. Intensifying ...

Vaccine

... of people are vaccinated it is much more difficult for an outbreak of disease to occur, let alone spread. This effect is called herd immunity . ... - 'Thimerosal in Childhood Vaccines, Neurodevelopment Disorders, and Heart disease in the United States', Mark Geier, M.D., Ph.D., and David Geier, B.A., ...

Virus classification

... host organism they can infect, by mode of transmission, or by the type of disease they cause. The most useful classification is probably by the type of ... negative stranded viruses) Family Bornaviridae - Borna disease virus Family Filoviridae - Ebola viruses, Marburg virus ...

Antibiotic

... previous treatments for infections, which included poisons such as strychnine , antibiotics were labelled "magic bullets": drugs which targeted disease without harming the host. Antibiotics are not effective in viral , fungal and other nonbacterial infections, and individual antibiotics vary ...

Antibody

... alpha-globulins (1 and 2), beta-globulins (1 and 2) and gamma-globulins according to weight. Immunoglobulins are all in the gamma region. In some disease states ( myeloma ) a very high concentration of one particular immunoglobulin will show up as a monoclonal band. Isotypes According to ...

Avian influenza

... seen several isolated cases where human-to-human transmission of the virus has been suspected. In one case the original carrier, who received the disease from a bird, was held by her mother for roughly 5 days as the young girl died. Shortly afterwards, the mother became ill and perished as well. In ...

Full blood count

... A manual count will also give information about other cells that are not normally present in peripheral blood, but may be released in certain disease processes. Platelets Platelet numbers are given, as well as information about their size and the range of sizes in the blood. ...

Charles Darwin

... raising the land, then saw seashells high in the Andes . While in South America he was laid up by an illness which may have been Chagas' disease contracted from insect bites. For the rest of his life he suffered recurring episodes of illness and disability. An Australian marsupial ...

Chromosome

... been left undetermined, as have a small number of unclonable gaps. [1] Chromosomal aberrations Some chromosome abnormalities do not cause disease in carriers, such as translocations , or chromosomal inversions , although it may lead to a higher chance of having a child with an chromosome ...
Other Contents
(Date:9/22/2014)... key molecular cog in a plant,s biological clock ... based on temperature. , Transcription factors, or genetic switches, ... such as light, rain, soil quality, or even ... USC has isolated one, called FBH1, that reacts to ... needed while in keeping it on a consistent track. ...
(Date:9/22/2014)... the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) held ... prioritize the scientific research needed to understand the risks ... environment. The effort was extended, and results were ... international journal, Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management ... podcast interviewing the lead author of the study, Murray ...
(Date:9/22/2014)... YORK CITY (September 22, 2014)The Brain & ... the award of NARSAD Young Investigator Grants ... 200 of the world,s most promising young ... for groundbreaking neurobiological research will seek to ... strategies for psychiatric disorders that affect one ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Genetic switch regulates a plant's internal clock based on temperature 2Priorities for research on pharmaceutical and personal care products in the environment 2Brain & Behavior Research Foundation awards 200 NARSAD Young Investigator grants 2
(Date:9/22/2014)... McMaster scientists have found that an anticonvulsant drug may ... , Although dozens of antibiotics target what bacteria do, ... of bacteria are created, and they found there is ... is important as there is growing concern worldwide about ... ineffective. The World Health Organization has declared that antibiotic ...
(Date:9/22/2014)... US (PRWEB) September 22, 2014 This ... perspectives on stakeholder management needs for the Prostate Cancer ... Heartbeat Experts on stakeholder strategies for any launching Prostate ... points of differentiation within an increasingly crowded market , ... The impact of identifying community-based thought leaders and ...
(Date:9/22/2014)... Kessler researchers have published a pilot study showing ... in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Improvements ... stress, and pain. "Development and effectiveness of ... MS: Description and outcomes" was epublished ahead of ... Journal of MS Care (doi: 10.7224/1537-2073.2013-045). The ...
(Date:9/22/2014)... New York, New York (PRWEB) September 22, 2014 ... risks associated with the use of power morcellators ... Liebhard LLP notes a new report detailing the ... despite warnings from federal regulators that specifically discouraged ... these physicians believe that the potential cancer risks ...
(Date:9/22/2014)... Barbara Bronson Gray HealthDay Reporter ... every pregnant woman wonders: What can I do to help ... iron supplements as prescribed may play a role in reducing ... (ASD). The researchers found that mothers of children with ... before and during pregnancy than those whose children seem to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Download HeartBeat Experts White Paper: Stakeholder Management for new Prostate Cancer Products 2Health News:Power Morcellator News: Bernstein Liebhard LLP Notes New Report Detailing Continued Use of Uterine Morcellation Despite FDA Warning 2Health News:Power Morcellator News: Bernstein Liebhard LLP Notes New Report Detailing Continued Use of Uterine Morcellation Despite FDA Warning 3Health News:Power Morcellator News: Bernstein Liebhard LLP Notes New Report Detailing Continued Use of Uterine Morcellation Despite FDA Warning 4Health News:Could Low Iron Intake During Pregnancy Raise Autism Risk? 2Health News:Could Low Iron Intake During Pregnancy Raise Autism Risk? 3
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