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Complete in Biological Definition

Full blood count

... A full blood count ( FBC ) or complete blood count ( CBC ) is a test requested by a ... greater part. Results from a blood count A complete blood count will normally include: Red cells ... and as an absolute number per litre. A complete blood count with differential will also include: ...

Hardy-Weinberg principle

... 5.2 Generalization for polyploidy 5.3 complete generalization 6 Applications 6.1 Application to cases of complete dominance 6.2 Significance tests for deviation ... 4 p q 3 q 4 complete generalization The completely generalized ...

Protein

... nutritional needs, proteins come in two forms: complete proteins contain all eight of the amino acids ... a nutrition label it only refers to the amount of complete proteins in the food, though the food may be very ... are typically stronger in some acids than others. complete proteins can be made in an all vegan diet by ...

Proteome

... It can also be useful to consider an organism's complete proteome . The complete proteome for an organism can be conceptualized as the complete set of proteins from all of the various cellular ...

Rudolf Steiner

... by Grand Duchess Sophie of Saxony to edit the complete edition of Goethe 's scientific works in Weimar ... 1896. During this time he also collaborated in a complete edition of Arthur Schopenhauer 's work. He ... of nature is not separate, self-contained, and complete in itself, so that the human mind can examine it ...

DNA

... strand plus the bases it collects from the soup will ideally end up as a complete replica of the original, unless a mutation occurs; Mutations are ... the approximate length of sequence in which the double helix makes one complete turn about its axis. This frequency of twist (known as the helical pitch ...

Gamete

... in plants . Gametes are haploid cells; that is, they contain one complete set of chromosomes (the actual number varies from species to species). ... a sperm and an egg), they form a zygote —a cell having two complete sets of chromosomes and therefore diploid . The zygote cell receives ...

Genome project

... , a bacterium , an archaean , a protist or a virus ), that is, the complete set of genes caried by this living being or virus. The Human Genome ... Many organisms have genome projects that have either completed or will complete in the 21st century , including: Homo sapiens Humans Mus ...

Stem cell

... the new treatment experienced repaired scar tissue and most had nearly complete return of proper heart function. As stated previously in the article, ... presently have, or have shown interest in, additional restrictions or even complete bans on embryonic stem cell research. These states include Arkansas, ...

Unsolved problems in biology

... the structural genes, which is the simpler part of the system? What is the complete structure and function of the proteome proteins expressed by a cell or organ at a particular time and under specific conditions? What is the complete function of the regulator genes ? The building block of life may be a ...

Anatomy

... anthropotomy . So intricate is the human body that only a small number of professional human anatomists, after years of patient observation, are complete masters of all its details; most of them specialize on certain parts, such as the brain or viscera, contenting themselves with a good working ...

Animal

... as well. Deuterostomes Deuterostomes differ from the other Bilateria, called protostomes , in several ways. In both cases there is a complete digestive tract. However, in protostomes the initial opening (the archenteron) develops into the mouth, and an anus forms separately. In ...

Antibiotic resistance

... meat, especially in ground form. Do not demand antibiotics from your physician. When given antibiotics, take them exactly as prescribed and complete the full course of treatment; do not hoard pills for later use or share leftover antibiotics. Vaccines Vaccines do not suffer the problem ...

Apoptosis

... summarily described are subject to regulatory mechanisms, and that there is not a 1-to-1 relationship between the reception of TNF or FasL and the complete execution of an apoptotic pathway. Fas, for instance, has been implicated - in a seemingly ironic way - in cell proliferation, through pathways that ...

Bioinformatics

... of thousands of small DNA fragments (each about 600 nucleotides long). The ends of these fragments overlap and, aligned in the right way, make up the complete genome. Shotgun sequencing yields sequence data quickly, but the task to re-align the fragments can be quite complicated for larger genomes. In the ...

Botany

... changes in on our environment in many ways. Understanding habitat destruction and species extinction is dependent on an accurate and complete catalogue of plants provided systematics and taxonomy . Plant responses to ultraviolet radiation can help us monitor problems like the holes ...

Carolus Linnaeus

... , the name (often partly abbreviated) of the person who described a species follows immediately after the binomial: Cocos nucifera L. is the complete scientific name for the coconut , with the "L." referring to Carolus Linnaeus. See also Linnaeus filius . Linnaeus's son, also named Carl ...

Chromatography

... distances according to how strongly they interact with the paper. Paper chromatography takes some time and the experiment is usually left to complete for some hours. The final chromatogram can be compared with other known mixture chromatograms to identify sample mixes. Two-way paper ...

Citric acid cycle

... that the cycle can continue. The citric acid cycle itself does not use oxygen, but oxidative phosphorylation does. The total energy gained from the complete breakdown of one molecule of glucose by glycolysis, the citric acid cycle and oxidative phosphorylation equals about 38 ATP molecules. The citric ...

Bioinformatics

... of thousands of small DNA fragments (each about 600 nucleotides long). The ends of these fragments overlap and, aligned in the right way, make up the complete genome. Shotgun sequencing yields sequence data quickly, but the task to re-align the fragments can be quite complicated for larger genomes. In the ...

Computed axial tomography

... imaging ). The first scanner took several hours to acquire the raw data and several days to produce the images. Modern multi-detector CT systems can complete a scan of the chest in less time than it takes for a single breath (useful if the patient cannot hold his/her breath) and display the computed images ...

Developmental biology

... descriptive science until the 20th century . Embryology and developmental biology today deal with the various steps necessary for the correct and complete formation of the body of a living organism. The related field of evolutionary developmental biology was formed largely in the 1990s and is a ...

Dialysis

... other arrangements that can be made as well. When access has been setup, the patient is then connected to the preconfigured plumbing - creating a complete loop through the pump and filter. The pump and a timer are started. Hemodialysis is underway. Periodically (every half hour, nominally) blood ...

Drug

... Modern World (2002) ISBN 0674010035 Pharmako/Dynamis: Stimulating Plants, Potions and Herbcraft (2002) ISBN 1562791257 Illegal Drugs: A complete Guide to Their History, Chemistry, Use and Abuse (2001) ISBN 0970313012 The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Substances (2000) ISBN 0312263171 ...

Endosymbiotic theory

... theories on how mitochondria and chloroplast genes are transferred into the nucleus, and also what steps a gene needs to go through in order to complete this process.) [1] Paul Jarvis (2001), "Intracellular signalling: The chloroplast talks!", Current Biology , 11 (8), pp. R307-R310. ...

Enzyme

... EC 5 Isomerases : catalyze isomerization changes within a single molecule EC 6 Ligases : join two molecules with covalent bonds The complete nomenclature can be browsed at http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iubmb/enzyme/ Enzymes and classes of enzyme Adenylate cyclase : participate in ...

Equilibrium

... important, especially in the long run. Psychologically some balance between desires and satisfaction is important; somewhat paradoxically complete satisfaction may not be ideal, it can be argued that perhaps it is better if things are left to be desired. In various practical matters an ...

Exon

... a gene that are not spliced out and which are retained in the final mRNA molecule. In many genes, each exon codes for a specific portion of the complete protein , however, not all exons in a given gene will end up in the final protein due to the process of alternative splicing . Some mRNA ...

Gene pool

... The gene pool of a species or a population is the complete set of unique alleles that would be found by inspecting the genetic material of every living member of that species or population. A large gene ...

Genetics

... and paste DNA 1977 DNA is sequenced for the first time by Fred Sanger , Walter Gilbert , and Allan Maxam working independently. Sanger's lab complete the entire genome of sequence of Bacteriophage Φ-X174; . 1983 Kary Banks Mullis discovers the polymerase chain reaction enabling the ...

Genomics

... article: -omics The original use of the suffix "ome" (from the Greek for 'all', 'every' or 'complete') was " genome ", which refers to the complete genetic makeup of an organism. Because of the success of large-scale quantitative biology projects such as genome sequencing, the suffix "ome" has ...

Herbivore

... Some rodents such as guinea pigs , porcupines , beavers , and capybaras Rabbits Grasshoppers Snails and slugs For a complete further list of herbivorous animals see list of herbivorous animals . ...

Human Genome Project

... from 1989 to 2002 by the US Department of Energy, this newsletter was a major communications method for coordination of the Human Genome Project. complete online archives are available. Project Gutenberg hosts e-texts for Human Genome Project, titled Human Genome Project, Chromosome Number # (# ...

Immune system

... response is artificially introduced into a host. With the adjuvant, the response is much more robust. Historically, a commonly used formula Freund's complete Adjuvant , an emulsion of oil and mycobacterium . It was later discovered that toll-like receptors, expressed on innate immune cells, are critical ...

Infertility

... another 15%, and the remainder of cases are "unexplained" 2 . A Robertsonian translocation in either partner may cause recurrent abortions or complete infertility. Female infertility Factors relating to female infertility are: General factors Diabetes mellitus , thyroid disorders, ...

Isozyme

... Plant Population Genetics, Breeding, and Genetic Resources. Sinauer, Sunderland External links Allozyme Electrophoresis Techniques - a complete guide to starch gel eletrophoresis ...

Karyotype

... Karyogram of human female A karyotype is the complete set of all chromosomes of a cell of any living organism. The chromosomes are arranged and displayed (often on a photo) in a standard format: in ...

Citric acid cycle

... that the cycle can continue. The citric acid cycle itself does not use oxygen, but oxidative phosphorylation does. The total energy gained from the complete breakdown of one molecule of glucose by glycolysis, the citric acid cycle and oxidative phosphorylation equals about 38 ATP molecules. The citric ...

Leaf

... bases 7 Hairiness 8 Leaf surfaces 9 Adaptations 10 See Also 11 External link Leaf structure A structurally complete leaf of an angiosperm consists of a petiole (leaf stem), a lamina (leaf blade), and stipules (small processes located to either side ...

Long-term potentiation

... water's surface. Rats in the control group were able to locate the platform and escape from the pool, whereas the ability of APV-treated rats to complete the task was significantly impaired. Moreover, when slices of the hippocampus were taken from both groups of rats, LTP was easily induced in ...
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