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Children in Biological Definition

Charles Darwin

... Proposal 3.3 My theory 4 Marriage and children 5 Family, work and development of theory ... home, The Mount House . He was the fifth of six children of Robert and Susannah Darwin ( ne ... on the Roads of Glen Roy. Marriage and children On 29 January 1839 Darwin married his ...

Down syndrome

... as both offensive and medically meaningless. children with Down syndrome are at an immediate disadvantage compared with children who do not have DS. The IQ of a child with Down syndrome is rarely measured above 60. Brains of children with Down syndrome are usually small and ...

Eugenics

... selective reproduction with the intent to create children with desirable traits, especially those that best ... by Robert Klark Graham , from which nearly 230 children were conceived (the best known donor was Nobel ... in the 1970s , it has reduced the ratio of children born with the hereditary blood disease from 1 out ...

Growth curve

... 1.2 Cancer cell growth 1.3 The growth of children 1.4 Exponential growth Examples ... useful and is discontinued. The growth of children children who fall significantly below the normal range of ...

Rudolf Steiner

... in Scotland as a place to provide treatment for children with severe learning disabilities . There are ... have access to independent schools for their children and freedom of choice in education. ... meant education should be available to all children regardless of the ability of families to pay for ...

Albinism

... for the pupil to appear red rather than black. Growth and development of children with albinism should be (and is) normal however, as should their general ... span, intelligence , and ability to have children. The chance of albino children resulting from the marriage of an albino with a non-albino is very low and ...

Cancer

... life and progress very quickly. The age of peak incidence of cancer in children occurs during the first year of life. Neuroblastoma is the most common ... M, Tamra T, Young JL, Bunin GR (eds). Cancer Incidence and Survival among children and Adolescents: United States SEER Program 1975-1995, National Cancer ...

Diabetes mellitus

... Type 1 diabetes mellitus Type 1 diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in children and adolescents, but can occur in adults as well. It is an autoimmune ... in recent years has led to increased incidence of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents in the USA, and insulin is used in some type 2 cases. ...

Gene therapy

... first to be put in to practice. In 1990 trials were run designed to treat children with an inherited immune deficiency, as well as children or adults with high serum cholesterol . Cells were removed from the ...

Joint

... initially separate, fuse together as the child approaches adulthood. children whose craniums fuse too early may suffer deformities and brain damage, as ... In adults , these are not designed to allow any movement; however, in children , fibrous joints have not solidified and are movable. Examples of fibrous ...

Malaria

... Complications of malaria include coma and death if untreated—young children are especially vulnerable. Other mammals ( bats , rodents , non-human ... in poor rural areas of Africa which lack health care, the distribution to children of mosquito nets impregnated with insect repellants has been suggested as ...

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

... by the FDA as warranting a cautionary statement to the parents of children who may be prescribed SSRIs by a family doctor. [1] Effect not ... mid 2004, a Congressional hearing on prescription drugs noted that 1 in 6 children in the United States are being prescribed an anti-depressant product. At ...

Thermoregulation

... the rectum some 0.9 C higher still. The temperature of infants and young children has a much greater range than this, and is susceptible of wide ... old the temperature rises slightly, but in that of weakly, ill-developed children it either remains stationary or falls. The cause of the variable ...

Alfred Russel Wallace

... links 9 Books about Wallace 10 See also Early life Wallace was born at Usk , Monmouthshire . He was the eighth of nine children of Thomas Vere Wallace and Mary Anne Greenell. He attended grammar school in Hertford , but left when his family lost their remaining property. He ...

Edward's syndrome

... heart abnormalities. It is impossible to predict the prognosis of an Edward's Syndrome child during pregnancy or the neonatal period . Some children with Edward's Syndrome develop only a small degree, while others gain many of the skills of their Down's Syndrome peers - walking, talking, attending ...

Francis Galton

... the Darwin-Wedgwood family near Sparkbrook, Birmingham and was Charles Darwin 's half first cousin, his mother and Darwin's father having been children of Erasmus Darwin by separate marriages. His father was Samuel Tertius Galton , son of Samuel "John" Galton . He was advised at a young age by ...

HACEK organism

... that form a normal part of the human flora . They are a frequent cause of inflammation of the inner layer of the heart, ( endocarditis ) in children . The name is formed from their initials: H aemophilus aphrophilus and Haemophilus paraphrophilus A ctinobacillus ...

Hepatitis B

... at the time of infection, the greater the chance their body will clear the infection. More than 95% of people who become infected as adults or older children will stage a full recovery and develop protective immunity to the virus. However, only 5% of neonates that acquire the infection from their mother ...

Human

... in ) and the mean weight is 62 kg (137 lb ). North American adult males are typically larger: 175 cm (69 in) and 78 kilograms (172 lb). Human children are born after a nine-month gestation period, with typically 3-4 kilograms (6-9 pounds) in weight and 50-60 centimetres (20-24 inches) in height. ...

Kwashiorkor

... , selenium , vitamin C ), particularly those involved with anti-oxidant protection. Important anti-oxidants in the body that are reduced in children with kwashiorkor include glutathione , albumin , vitamin E and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Therefore, if a child with reduced type I nutrients ...

Magnetic resonance imaging

... this to CT scans and traditional X-rays which involve doses of ionizing radiation and may increase the chance of malignancy, expecially in children receiving multiple examinations. While CT provides superior spatial resolution (the ability to distinguish two structures an arbitrarily small ...

Neural tube

... a neural tube defect, but this is only one factor. Folic acid is not a cure, as some women taking folic acid supplements have been known to have children with the defect. ...

Olfaction

... opposite immunological sexual compatibility. Finding a partner of non-similar immunological background may be evolutionarily advantageous because children born with a mixture of immunological systems are more likely to survive. It has been suggested that human females unconsciously use this process to ...

Patau syndrome

... 13. Although they do not have signs of Patau syndrome, people who carry this type of balanced translocation are at an increased risk of having children with the condition. External links Patau's Syndrome BBC Health - Ask the Doctor - Patau's Syndrome Patau's syndrome This ...

Restriction fragment length polymorphism

... polymorphism ). This can be used to genetically tell individuals apart. It can also show the genetic relationship between individuals, because children inherit genetic elements from their parents. It is also used to determine the relationships among species . See also Amplified fragment ...

Stem cell

... called somatic (Greek σωμα sōma = body) stem cells, because they need not come from adults but can also come from children or umbilical cords. Embryonic stem cells are cultured cells obtained from the inner mass cells of a blastocyst . Embryonic stem cell research ...

Twin

... of multiple births ". In 2001 , for the first time ever in the US , the twinning rate exceeded 3% of all births. Thus, approximately 6% of children born in the US in 2001 were twins. Multiple births Main article: Multiple birth Sometimes multiple births may involve more than two ...

Vaccine

... The main risk of rubella, for example, is to the fetuses of pregnant women, but this risk can be effectively reduced by the immunization of children to prevent transmission to pregnant women. Economics of vaccine development One challenge in vaccine development is economic: many of the ...

Varicella zoster virus

... and Drugs Administration for approval in 1990 and was approved in 1995. Since then, it has been added to the recommended vaccination schedules for children in Australia , the United States , and many other countries. ...

X chromosome

... often affect sex determination (whether a person has the sexual characteristics of a male or a female), sexual development, and the ability to have children (fertility). The signs and symptoms of these conditions vary widely and may range from mild to severe. They can be caused by missing or extra copies ...

Y chromosome

... often affect sex determination (whether a person has the sexual characteristics of a male or a female), sexual development, and the ability to have children (fertility). The signs and symptoms of these conditions vary widely and range from mild to severe. They can be caused by missing or extra copies of ...
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