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Channel in Biological Definition

Electrophysiology

... measure the current flowing through a single ion channel and study its behavior. There are different ... Advantages: Single channels can be recorded and channel properties are not changed. Disadvantages: ... can be changed. Disadvantages: Risk that channel properties are changed. Perforated patch. ...

Ion channel

... links Basic features An ion channel is an integral membrane protein or more ... more or less indiscriminately, the archetypal channel pore is just one or two atoms wide at its ... bees, sea snails and others) work by plugging ion channel pores. But ion channels figure in a wide variety ...

Signal transduction

... are ion channels A ligand-activated ion channel will recognize its ligand, and then undergo a ... on change of transmembrane potential An ion channel can also open when the receptor is activated by a ... of the membrane. If such a change occurs, the ion channel of the receptor will open and let ions pass ...

Active transport

... An example is the glucose symporter, which cotransports two sodiums for every molecule of glucose it imports into the cell. See also Ion channel ...

Bacterial conjugation

... seem to be the structures through which the actual exchange of DNA takes place; rather, some proteins coded in the tra or trb loci seem to open a channel between the bacteria. The transfer of DNA always runs from the F-positive towards the F-negative bacterium. If the F-plasmid is free, a nick ...

Biophysics

... slicing) as well as theoretically (computer models), membrane permitivity, gene therapy, understanding tumors. Pharmacology and physiology - channel biology, biomolecular interactions, cellular membranes, polyketides. Physics - biomolecular free energy, biomolecular structures and dynamics, ...

Cell membrane

... (non polar) and small polar molecules, or facilitated diffusion of polar and ionic molecules, which relies on a transport protein to provide a channel or bind to specific molecules. This spontaneous process decreases free energy, and increases entropy in a system. Unlike active transport, this ...

Intermembrane space

... region between the inner membrane and the outer membrane of a mitochondrion or a chloroplast . Its main function is nucleotide phosphorylation . channel proteins called porins in the outer membrane allow free movement of ions and small molecules into the intermembrane space. This means that it ...

Mitochondrion

... membranes . The outer mitochondrial membrane contains numerous integral proteins called porins , which contain a relatively large internal channel (about 2-3 nm ) and allow ions and small molecules to move in and out of the mitochondrion. Large molecules, however, cannot traverse the outer ...

Mitochondrion

... membranes . The outer mitochondrial membrane contains numerous integral proteins called porins , which contain a relatively large internal channel (about 2-3 nm ) and allow ions and small molecules to move in and out of the mitochondrion. Large molecules, however, cannot traverse the outer ...

Cell membrane

... (non polar) and small polar molecules, or facilitated diffusion of polar and ionic molecules, which relies on a transport protein to provide a channel or bind to specific molecules. This spontaneous process decreases free energy, and increases entropy in a system. Unlike active transport, this ...

Semen

... of semen (mucus and texturizing proteins) serve to increase the mobility of sperm cells in the vagina and cervix by creating a less viscous channel for the sperm cells to swim though, and preventing their diffusion out of the semen. Prostaglandin hormones are involved in supressing an immune ...

Synapse

... currents, or inhibitory in the case of hyperpolarizing currents. Whether a synapse is excitatory or inhibitory depends on what type(s) of ion channel conduct the post-synaptic current, which in turn is a function of the type of receptors and neurotransmitter employed at the synapse. Synaptic ...

Transmembrane receptor

... receptors, such as the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor , the transmembrane domain forms a protein-lined pore through the membrane, or ion channel . Upon activation of an extracellular domain by binding of the appropriate ligand, the pore becomes accessible to ions, which then pass through. In ...
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