... of Circulation
4 Biomechanics of the bones
5 Biomechanics of the Muscle
6 ... development of limbs , the vasculature , and bones
. An understanding of the physiological behavior ... modeled as a continuum.
Biomechanics of the bones
... into which it is formed, found in many animals . bones
support body structures, protect internal organs ... calcium metabolism , and mineral storage . The bones
of an animal are, collectively, known as the skeleton .
Evolutionary alternatives to bones
are shells and chitin .
... substance. Hyaline cartilage is found lining bones
in joints (articular cartilage) . It is also ... at sites connecting tendons or ligaments to bones
. There is rarely any clear line of demarcation ... below.
Arthritis : The cartilage covering bones
in joints (articular cartilage) is degraded, ...
A joint is the location at which two bones
make contact. Structurally, the joints are classified as:
fibrous - bones
are connected by fibrous connective tissue .
cartilaginous - bones
are connected by cartilage .
synovial - ...
... and other mammals, they are referred to as bones
. Cartilage is another common component of ... entirely of cartilage and without any calcified bones
at all, for example sharks . The bones
or other rigid structures are connected by ...
... , hepatomegaly (enlarged liver ), bone pain, fracture of affected bones
and neurological symptoms.
Systemic symptoms : weight loss , poor ... - in the pleura or pericardium , oral cancer , osteosarcoma - in bones
, ovarian cancer , pancreatic cancer , prostate cancer , renal cell ...
... Richard Owen , an up and coming anatomist who agreed to work on the fossil bones
at his Royal College of Surgeons . Owen's surprising revelations of ... arising from his theory. Experiments on seedlings and domestic animal bones
dominated, but when with his ill daughter at a seaside resort he became ...
in the human skeleton :
Collar bone (clavicle)
Thigh bone (femur)
... develop from the anterior section of a single dorsal nerve cord , which later becomes the spinal cord . In craniates, the brain is protected by the bones
of the skull . Vertebrates are characterized by increasing complexity in the cerebral cortex as one moves up the phylogenetic and ...
... just 2.2 percent. Translation of the percentage into an actual number results in an average of just three skeletal differences out of the total 338 bones
in the body. Amazingly, 58 percent of these differences occurred in the skull alone. "This is a lot less variation than I'd expected", said ..."