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Biochemistry in Biological Definition

Biology

... and molecular scale in molecular biology , biochemistry , and molecular genetics . At the level of ... in turn, are based on a common carbon -based biochemistry . All organisms pass on their heredity via ... areas of biology, particularly genetics and biochemistry . Molecular biology chiefly concerns itself with ...

Biochemistry

... biochemistry is the chemistry of life . Biochemists study ... molecular biology, and genetics . biochemistry is the study of the structure and function of ... acids , and other biomolecules . Recently biochemistry has focused more specifically on the chemistry of ...

Molecular biology

... areas of biology , particularly genetics and biochemistry . Molecular biology chiefly concerns itself with ... these with techniques and ideas from genetics , biochemistry and biophysics . There is not a hard-line ... of the relationship between the fields: biochemistry is the study of the chemical substances and ...

Protein

... amongst the most actively studied molecule in biochemistry and were discovered by Jns Jakob Berzelius , in ... class of organic compounds. See also biochemistry Crystallography Denatured protein ... to Degradation - The Virtual Library of biochemistry and Cell Biology ...

Starch

... Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 biochemistry 2 Household 3 Livestock 4 Tests for Starch 5 External links biochemistry In biochemistry , starch is a mix of two polymeric ...

Trait

... expression of genes in diploid organisms 5 biochemistry of dominance and extensions to expression of ... : long before the molecular theory of DNA . biochemistry of dominance and extensions to expression of traits The biochemistry of the intermediate proteins determines how ...

Antibiotic

... Antibiotic research led to great strides in our knowledge of basic biochemistry and to the current biological revolution; but in the process it was ... the cell to produce new viruses. Thus, the great bulk of viral metabolic biochemistry is not merely similar to human biochemistry, it actually is human ...

Biophysics

... presence as groups across departments within the fields of biology , biochemistry , chemistry , computer science , mathematics , medicine , ... proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, carbohydrates, and complexes thereof. biochemistry and chemistry - biomolecular structure, siRNA, nucleic acid structure, ...

Carbohydrate

... citric acid cycle oxidative phosphorylation See also biochemistry Macromolecules Glycolysis Gluconeogenesis Pentose ... Overview Carbohydrates and Glycosylation - The Virtual Library of biochemistry and Cell Biology ...

Cell biology

... cell types. Research in cell biology is closely related to genetics , biochemistry , molecular biology and developmental biology . Contents ... in cell biology External links The Virtual Library of biochemistry and Cell Biology Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology ...

Chromatography

... simply as HPLC , is a form of column chromatography used frequently in biochemistry . The analyte is forced through a column by liquid at high pressure, ... molecules. It is very specific, but not very robust . It is often used in biochemistry in the purification of proteins (or better: protein constructs). These ...

Lipid

... form the foundation of all biological membranes . See also biochemistry Fat External links Lipids, Membranes and Vesicle Trafficking - The Virtual Library of biochemistry and Cell Biology IUPAC glossary entry for the lipid class of molecules ...

Microbiology

... . Today, most of the work in microbiology is done using methods from biochemistry and genetics . It is also related to pathology , immunology , and ... a cellular environment. See also Archaea Bacterium biochemistry Eukaryote Genetics Geomicrobiology Immunology ...

Phospholipid

... through the lipid matrix and migrate over the membrane. See also biochemistry lipid lipid bilayer antiphospholipid syndrome References Berg, J.M., J.L. Tymoczko, and L. Stryer, biochemistry . 5th ed. 2002, New York: W.H. Freeman. xxxviii, 974, [976] (various ...

Signal transduction

... Press, 1999 , ISBN 0195140575 Technical Gerhard Krauss, biochemistry of Signal Transduction and Regulation , Wiley-VCH, 1999 , ISBN ... External links Signal Transduction - The Virtual Library of biochemistry and Cell Biology ...

Systems biology

... computer science on one side and the biological sciences on the other to biochemistry and genomics . Much of systems biology is within the realm of ... A global interactome DB Systems Biology - The Virtual Library of biochemistry and Cell Biology Science -- Special Issue: Systems Biology ...

Adenosine triphosphate

... For other uses of the initials ATP, see ATP (disambiguation) Adenosine triphosphate ( ATP ) is the nucleotide known in biochemistry as the " molecular currency" of intracellular energy transfer; that is, ATP is able to store and transport chemical energy within cells . ATP ...

Allostery

... In biochemistry , an enzyme or other protein is allosteric if its activity or efficiency changes in response to the binding of an effector molecule at a ...

Allostery

... In biochemistry , an enzyme or other protein is allosteric if its activity or efficiency changes in response to the binding of an effector molecule at a ...

Amino acid

... In chemistry , an amino acid is any molecule that contains both amino and carboxylic acid functional groups . In biochemistry , this shorter and more general term is frequently used to refer to alpha amino acids: those amino acids in which the amino and carboxylate ...

Antibody

... . Presently , many antibody-related therapies are undergoing extensive clinical trials for use in practice. Biochemical applications In biochemistry , antibodies are used for immunological identification of proteins, using the Western blot method. A similar technique is used in ELISPOT and ...

Apoptosis

... Library of Medicine, is a digital archive of life sciences journal literature ( [30] ). Apoptosis (Programmed Cell Death) - The Virtual Library of biochemistry and Cell Biology ...

Biotechnology

... . Star Wars The Yuuzhan Vong exclusively use organic technology and regard mechanical technology as blasphemy. See also biochemistry Bioreactor Biorobotics EU Directive on the patentability of biotechnological inventions Expression vector Genetic ...

Cell metabolism

... membrane and ultimately for the polymerisation into new proteins via the use of ribonucleic acids ( RNA ) and ribosomes . See also biochemistry Metabolism Metabolic pathway ...

Competitive inhibitor

... In biochemistry one distinguishes two ways in which a molecule may block the action of an enzymes : competitive and noncompetitive inhibition. In competitive ...

Cytoskeleton

... , Guilford, ISBN 0-89862-404-5 , LoC QP552.C96A46 1991 External links Cytoskeleton, Cell Motility and Motors - The Virtual Library of biochemistry and Cell Biology ...

Denaturation

... Denaturation in biochemistry refers to a structural change in macromolecules caused by extreme conditions. Denaturation can refer to the intentional adulteration of ...

Diffusion

... chromatography Hydrothermal circulation Isotope separation Kirkendall effect Laminar flow Liposomes List of biochemistry topics List of biology topics List of physics topics Mass transfer Materials science Mechanical ventilation NaKATPase ...

Gel electrophoresis

... is approximately inversely proportional to the log 10 of the size of the molecule. Types Gel electrophoresis is used in genetics and biochemistry : Gel electrophoresis of large DNA or RNA is usually done by agarose gel electrophoresis . See the " Chain termination method " page for an ...

Endosymbiotic theory

... absence of light without otherwise affecting the cell. In such a case, the chloroplasts will not regenerate. Much of the internal structure and biochemistry of chloroplasts, for instance the presence of thylakoids and particular chlorophylls , is very similar to that of cyanobacteria . Phylogenies ...

Enzyme

... Examples are alcohol dehydrogenase and DNA polymerase . Kinases are enzymes that transfer phosphate groups. The International Union of biochemistry and Molecular Biology has developed a nomenclature for enzymes, the EC numbers ; each enzyme is described by a sequence of four numbers, preceded ...

FAD

... In biochemistry , flavin adenine dinucleotide ( FAD ) is the precursor molecule to FADH2 . Upon bonding to two hydrogen atoms, FAD is reduced to FADH2 and is ...

Cell membrane

... 12, No 5, 1986, pp. 347-352 (In Russian, English summary) External links Lipids, Membranes and Vesicle Trafficking - The Virtual Library of biochemistry and Cell Biology ...

Gel electrophoresis

... is approximately inversely proportional to the log 10 of the size of the molecule. Types Gel electrophoresis is used in genetics and biochemistry : Gel electrophoresis of large DNA or RNA is usually done by agarose gel electrophoresis . See the " Chain termination method " page for an ...

Genetics

... in the field of bioinformatics for analysis of large set of data. Closely-related fields The science which grew out of the union of biochemistry and genetics is widely known as molecular biology . The term "genetics" is often widely conflated with the notion of genetic engineering , where ...

Glycolysis

... Glycolysis: Protein Data Bank Glycolytic cycle with animations Metabolism, Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis - The Virtual Library of biochemistry and Cell Biology ...

Photosynthesis

... See also Artificial photosynthesis External links Metabolism, Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis - The Virtual Library of biochemistry and Cell Biology ...

Ion channel

... of these operational states. Most of what researchers have deduced about channel operation so far they have established through electrophysiology , biochemistry , gene sequence comparison and mutagenesis . History The existence of ion channels was hypothesized by the British biophysicists Alan ...

Kary Mullis

... was born in North Carolina, and grew up in Columbia, South Carolina. He attended the Georgia Institute of Technology , and received a PhD in biochemistry from the University of California, Berkeley in 1973 . He has been married four times (including his current marriage), and has two sons and one ...

Life

... that the two cases of fire and stars fitting the definition of life can be simply remedied by defining metabolism in a more biochemically exact way. biochemistry by Voet and Voet defines metabolism as follows: "Metabolism is the overall process through which living systems acquire and utilize the free energy ...
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