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Algae in Biological Definition

Alga

... The algae (singular is alga ) comprise several different ... photosynthesis from cyanobacteria . All algae lack true leaves , roots , flowers , and other ... in that they are photoautotrophic . Thus, the algae are no longer considered a natural grouping, but ...

Eukaryote

... and mitosomes . Plants and various groups of algae also have plastids . Again, these have their ... sensu lato Land plants , green and red algae Chromista Brown algae , diatoms , water moulds , etc. ...

Photosynthesis

... is a biochemical process in which plants , algae , and some bacteria harness the energy of light ... Photosynthesis in plants 2 Photosynthesis in algae and bacteria 3 At the molecular level 4 ... takes place. Photosynthesis in algae and bacteria ...

Photosynthesis

... is a biochemical process in which plants , algae , and some bacteria harness the energy of light ... Photosynthesis in plants 2 Photosynthesis in algae and bacteria 3 At the molecular level 4 ... takes place. Photosynthesis in algae and bacteria ...

Alga

... The algae (singular is alga ) comprise several different ... photosynthesis from cyanobacteria . All algae lack true leaves , roots , flowers , and other ... in that they are photoautotrophic . Thus, the algae are no longer considered a natural grouping, but ...

Plant

... Green algae land plants (embryophytes) ... groups, and the fungi and several groups of algae were removed to new kingdoms. However, these are ... 1 Embryophytes 2 algae and Fungi 3 Importance 4 Growth 5 ...

Plant

... Green algae land plants (embryophytes) ... groups, and the fungi and several groups of algae were removed to new kingdoms. However, these are ... 1 Embryophytes 2 algae and Fungi 3 Importance 4 Growth 5 ...

Protist

... e.g. Plasmodium The plant-like algae produce energy through photosynthesis . They ... multicellular. Of these, the green and red algae appear to be close relatives of other plants, ... may be included among the Plantae, but the brown algae developed separately. These are also a few ...

Protist

... e.g. Plasmodium The plant-like algae produce energy through photosynthesis . They ... multicellular. Of these, the green and red algae appear to be close relatives of other plants, ... may be included among the Plantae, but the brown algae developed separately. These are also a few ...

Bacterium

... for the photosynthetic cyanobacteria , which were considered a group of algae (called Cyanophyta or blue-green algae ). It was only with the study of detailed cell structure that it was ...

Botany

... mycology ); bacteria and viruses (studied in microbiology ); and algae (studied in phycology ). Most algae, fungi, and microbes are no longer ... attention is still given to them by botanists; and bacteria, fungi, and algae are usually covered, somewhat superficially, in introductory botany ...

Centriole

... organelle found in most animal cells , and cells of fungi and algae though not frequently in plants . The walls of each centriole are ... other end points slightly inwards. In animal cells as well as certain algae and fungi, there exists a pair of centrioles arranged perpendicularly to ...

Chlorophyll

... = leaf. It is a green photosynthetic pigment found in plants , algae , and cyanobacteria . The first step in photosynthesis is when incoming ... Mostly in land plants Various algae Various algae Some red algae Common structure of chlorophyll a , b and d ...

Ploidy

... ) cells bear one copy of each chromosome . Most fungi , and a few algae exist as haploid organisms, male bees, wasps and ants are also haploid. ... monoploid can be used interchangably with haploid. Plants and other algae switch between a haploid and a diploid or polyploid state, with one of ...

Bacterium

... for the photosynthetic cyanobacteria , which were considered a group of algae (called Cyanophyta or blue-green algae ). It was only with the study of detailed cell structure that it was ...

Fungus

... belong among a group called the heterokonts , together with the golden algae , diatoms , brown algae and allies. The chytrids were also formerly excluded from the fungi due ...

Ploidy

... ) cells bear one copy of each chromosome . Most fungi , and a few algae exist as haploid organisms, male bees, wasps and ants are also haploid. ... monoploid can be used interchangably with haploid. Plants and other algae switch between a haploid and a diploid or polyploid state, with one of ...

Marine biology

... cyanobacteria (also called blue-green algae/bacteria), various types of algae : red, green, brown, and yellow-green, diatoms, dinoflagellates, ... niche occupied by plants on land is actually occupied by macroscopic algae in the ocean, such as Sargassum and kelp . The plants that do survive ...

Protozoa

... are often grouped in the kingdom Protista together with the plant-like algae . In some newer schemes, however, most algae are classified in the kingdoms Plantae and Chromista , and in such ...

Actin

... slower than an ADP-actin complex. Actin is also one of the most highly conserved proteins, differing by no more than 5% in species as diverse as algae and humans. Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 Microfilaments assembly 2 Organization 2.1 Bundles 2.1.1 ...

Centrosome

... manufactured. Its structure, since it acts as a nexus for cell activity, facilitates cell division . In animal cells, as well as those of certain algae and fungi, the centrosome is located close to the nucleus, and consists of a pair of centrioles arranged perpenidcularly to each other (in this ...

Chloroplast

... Chloroplasts are organelles found in plant cells and eukaryotic algae which conduct photosynthesis . Chloroplasts are similar to mitochondria but are found only in plants. Both organelles are surrounded by a ...

Genetic code

... . Ciliate protozoa also have some variation in the genetic code: UAG and often UAA code for Glutamine (a variant also found in some green algae ), or UGA codes for Cysteine. Another variant is found in some species of the yeast candida , where CUG codes for Serine. In some species of ...

Endosymbiotic theory

... that of a prokaryotic cell membrane. New mitochondria and chloroplasts are formed only through a process similar to binary fission . In some algae , such as Euglena , the chloroplasts can be destroyed by certain chemicals or prolonged absence of light without otherwise affecting the cell. In ...

Evolutionary tree

... Oxymonads Parabasalids Jakobids Heterolobosea Euglenozoa "Plants" Kingdom Plantae - green plants Red algae Glaucophytes Heterokonts Alveolates Ciliates Apicomplexa Dinoflagellates Ellobiopsids Stephanopogon ...

Genetic code

... . Ciliate protozoa also have some variation in the genetic code: UAG and often UAA code for Glutamine (a variant also found in some green algae ), or UGA codes for Cysteine. Another variant is found in some species of the yeast candida , where CUG codes for Serine. In some species of ...

Granum

... A granum (plural grana ) is a stack of thylakoids in the chloroplast , an organelle found in plants and eukaryotic algae where photosynthesis takes place. Chloroplasts can have from 10 to 100 grana. ...

Lichen

... australis , a fruticose form, growing on a tree branch Lichens are symbiotic organisms made up by the association of microscopic green algae or cyanobacteria and filamentous fungi . Lichens take the external shape of the fungal partner and hence are named based on the fungus. The ...

Actin

... slower than an ADP-actin complex. Actin is also one of the most highly conserved proteins, differing by no more than 5% in species as diverse as algae and humans. Contents showTocToggle("show","hide") 1 Microfilaments assembly 2 Organization 2.1 Bundles 2.1.1 ...

Primary nutritional groups

... Plants are photoautotrophic . However, some eucaryotic microorganisms are not limited to just one nutritional mode. For example, there are some algae that live photolithoautotrophically in the light, but shift to chemoorganoheterotophic life in the dark, and even higher plants retained their ...
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