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Aerobic in Biological Definition

Aerobic

... aerobic is an adjective that means "requiring air " ... usually means oxygen ). The opposite of aerobic is anaerobic . See also: aerobic exercise ...

Cellular respiration

... : glycolysis , anaerobic respiration or aerobic respiration . Contents ... 2 Breakdown of pyruvate 2.1 aerobic respiration (Cellular Respiration) 2.2 ... ways to break down the resulting pyruvate: aerobic respiration (Cellular Respiration) ...

Glycolysis

... is not considered part of glycolysis. Eukaryotic aerobic respiration produces an additional 34 molecules ... , where reactions more closely connected to aerobic metabolism occur). Glucose gets into the cell ... produce ethanol and carbon dioxide . In aerobic organisms , the pyruvate typically enters the ...

Anaerobic

... Anaerobic is a technical word which literally means without air , as opposed to aerobic . The presence or absence of air, or more precisely the presence or absence of oxygen in the air, affects various chemical and biological ....

Bacterium

... For example, the decomposition of cellulose , which is one of the most abundant constituents of plant tissues, is mainly brought about by aerobic bacteria that belong to the genus Cytophaga . This ability has also been utilized by humans for industrial uses and for bioremediation . Bacteria ...

Citric acid cycle

... ) is a series of chemical reactions of central importance in all living cells that utilize oxygen as part of cellular respiration . In these aerobic organisms , the citric acid cycle is a metabolic pathway that forms part of the break down of carbohydrates , fats and proteins into carbon ...

Escherichia coli

... ) are grouped together under the name " coliform " (meaning "like coli ") bacteria. Technically, the "coliform group" is defined to be all the aerobic and facultative anaerobic , non-spore-forming, Gram-negative , rod-shaped bacteria that ferment lactose with the production of gas within 48 ...

Endosymbiotic theory

... originated as prokaryotic endosymbionts , which came to live inside eukaryotic cells. The theory postulates that the mitochondria evolved from aerobic bacteria (probably proteobacteria , related to the rickettsias), and that the chloroplast evolved from endosymbiotic cyanobacteria (autotrophic ...

Bacterium

... For example, the decomposition of cellulose , which is one of the most abundant constituents of plant tissues, is mainly brought about by aerobic bacteria that belong to the genus Cytophaga . This ability has also been utilized by humans for industrial uses and for bioremediation . Bacteria ...

Evolution

... traced through the formation of banded iron deposits, and later red beds of iron oxides. This was a necessary prerequisite for the development of aerobic cellular respiration , believed to have emerged around 2 billion years ago. In the last billion years, simple multicellular plants and animals ...

Eukaryote

... found in nearly all eukaryotes. They are surrounded by double membranes, the inner of which is folded into invaginations called cristae, where aerobic respiration takes place. They contain their own DNA and are only formed by the fission of other mitochondria. They are now generally held to have ...

FAD

... This is used by organisms to carry out energy requiring processes. FAD, and the more common NAD , are reduced in the citric acid cycle during aerobic respiration . FAD also stands for Familial Alzheimer disease ...

Fermentation

... Fermentation is also used much more broadly to refer to the bulk growth of microorganisms on some medium . No distinction is made between aerobic and anaerobic metabolism when the word is used in this sense. This process is often used to produce or preserve food. Fermentation typically ...

Citric acid cycle

... ) is a series of chemical reactions of central importance in all living cells that utilize oxygen as part of cellular respiration . In these aerobic organisms , the citric acid cycle is a metabolic pathway that forms part of the break down of carbohydrates , fats and proteins into carbon ...

Metabolism

... (hexose monophosphate shunt), generation of NADPH from glucose. Protein catabolism , the hydrolysis of proteins into amino acids . aerobic respiration Electron transfer chain Oxidative phosphorylation Anaerobic respiration , Cori cycle Lactic acid ...

Mitochondrion

... The inner mitochondrial membrane is thrown into folds, or cristae , that project inward. The cristae surface houses the machinery needed for aerobic respiration and ATP formation, and their folded form increases that capacity by increasing the surface area of the inner mitochondrial membrane. ...

Mitochondrion

... The inner mitochondrial membrane is thrown into folds, or cristae , that project inward. The cristae surface houses the machinery needed for aerobic respiration and ATP formation, and their folded form increases that capacity by increasing the surface area of the inner mitochondrial membrane. ...

Muscle

... muscle are also divided into two subtypes: Slow twitch (type I or "red") - rich in myoglobin (which is red and carries oxygen ), higher aerobic metabolism and mitochondria and hence more capable of endurance activities (activities that don't require maximum strength). Fast twitch ...

Plant

... changed the composition of the Earth's atmosphere , which as a result contains a large proportion of oxygen . Animals and most other organisms are aerobic , relying on oxygen; those that do not are confined to relatively few, anaerobic environments. Much of human nutrition depends on cereals . ...

Plant

... changed the composition of the Earth's atmosphere , which as a result contains a large proportion of oxygen . Animals and most other organisms are aerobic , relying on oxygen; those that do not are confined to relatively few, anaerobic environments. Much of human nutrition depends on cereals . ...

Primary nutritional groups

... even catalyse highly endergonic reactions (e. g. the photosynthetic production of starch from water and CO 2 ). It should be noted that the terms aerobic respiration , anaerobic respiration and fermentation are not referring to primary nutritional groups, but simply reflect the different use ...

Thermoregulation

... at temperature extremes and metabolic reactions occur best at certain temperatures; both endotherms , which control the build-up of heat from aerobic respiration (homeotherms ) and ectotherms (poikilotherms ) can thermoregulate but only the endotherms (birds and mammals) can maintain a stable ...
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