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Adenine in Biological Definition

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

... Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide ( NAD ) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate ( NADP ) are two ... acid or nicotinamide. See also adenine Nucleotide References and external ...

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

... Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide ( NAD ) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate ( NADP ) are two ... acid or nicotinamide. See also adenine Nucleotide References and external ...

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

... Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide ( NAD ) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate ( NADP ) are two ... acid or nicotinamide. See also adenine Nucleotide References and external ...

Purine

... . Two of the bases in nucleic acids , adenine and guanine , are purines. In DNA , these ... nucleotides (bases attached to ribose ). Both adenine and guanine are derived from the nucleotide ... and reused in new nucleotides. The enzyme adenine phosphoribosyltransferase salvages adenine, ...

DNA

... which are commonly referred to by the identity of their bases. These are adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C), and guanine (G). In a DNA ... DNA sample and the next, but that for particular pairs of nucleotides -- adenine and thymine, guanine and cytosine -- the two nucleotides are always ...

Flavin

... is often conjugated with an adenosine diphosphate to form flavin adenine dinucleotide ( FAD ), and in other circumstances, is found as flavin ... transfer electrons to the electron transfer chain . FAD Flavin adenine dinucleotide is a cofactor in the enzymes D-amino acid oxidase, glucose ...

Flavin

... is often conjugated with an adenosine diphosphate to form flavin adenine dinucleotide ( FAD ), and in other circumstances, is found as flavin ... transfer electrons to the electron transfer chain . FAD Flavin adenine dinucleotide is a cofactor in the enzymes D-amino acid oxidase, glucose ...

Polymerase chain reaction

... to the amino acid isoleucine might be "ATH", where A stands for adenine , T for thymine , and H for adenine , thymine , or cytosine . (See genetic code for further details about ...

Primer

... to the amino acid isoleucine might be "ATH", where A stands for adenine , T for thymine , and H for adenine , thymine , or cytosine . (See genetic code for further details about ...

Wobble base pair

... base is inosine which can basepair with three bases including uracil , adenine , and cytosine . Another critical base pair is the G-U base pair which allows uracil to base pair with two bases: guanine and adenine . Links Nature on Wobble base pair ...

Anticodon

... . The first base on the anticodon can be modified to another nucleotide such as inosine which allows that base to pair with cytosine , adenine , and uracil on the codon. The first base on the anticodon can also have a uracil which can base pair with guanine as well as adenine. ...

Cellular respiration

... such as butyric acid and acetone . Although fermentation produces no ATP, it is useful to the cell because it regenerates nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD + ), which is consumed by glycolysis . Ethanol fermentation (done by yeast and some types of bacteria ) breaks the ...

Genetic code

... , deoxyribose sugar and one of the 4 nitrogenous nucleotide bases grouped into 2 categories, purine and pyrimidine . The purine bases adenine ( A ) and guanine ( G ) are larger and consist of two aromatic rings . The pyrimidine bases cytosine ( C ) and thymine ( T ) are smaller and ...

DNA sequence

... DNA molecule or strand, The possible letters are A , C , G , and T , representing the four nucleotide subunits of a DNA strand ( adenine , cytosine , guanine , thymine ), and typically these are printed abutting one another without gaps, as in the sequence AAAGTCTGAC. This coded ...

Double helix

... by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953. They showed that DNA is made up of two complementary, antiparallel strands of the bases Guanine , adenine , Thymine , and Cytosine , covalently linked through phosphodiester bonds . Each strand forms a helix, and the two helices are held together ...

FAD

... In biochemistry , flavin adenine dinucleotide ( FAD ) is the precursor molecule to FADH2 . Upon bonding to two hydrogen atoms, FAD is reduced to FADH2 and is turned into an ...

Genetic code

... , deoxyribose sugar and one of the 4 nitrogenous nucleotide bases grouped into 2 categories, purine and pyrimidine . The purine bases adenine ( A ) and guanine ( G ) are larger and consist of two aromatic rings . The pyrimidine bases cytosine ( C ) and thymine ( T ) are smaller and ...

Nucleoside

... Nucleobase Nucleoside Deoxynucleoside adenine Adenosine A Deoxyadenosine dA Guanine Guanosine G Deoxyguanosine dG Thymine Thymidine T ...

Nucleotide

... the nucleotide in question is a ribonucleotide (r) or deoxyribonucleotide (d). The second letter indicates the nucleobase: G: Guanine A: adenine T: Thymine C: Cytosine U: Uracil not present in DNA, but takes the place of Thymine in RNA The third and fourth letters ...

Redox

... , oxidises/oxidizes sugars to produce carbon dioxide and water. As intermediate steps, the reduced carbon compounds are used to reduce Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD + ), which then contributes to the creation of a proton gradient , which drives the synthesis of Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) ...

Redox

... , oxidises/oxidizes sugars to produce carbon dioxide and water. As intermediate steps, the reduced carbon compounds are used to reduce Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD + ), which then contributes to the creation of a proton gradient , which drives the synthesis of Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) ...

RNA

... 5.2 Non-coding RNA or "RNA genes" 5.3 Double-stranded RNA 6 See also Chemical structure RNA has four different bases: adenine , guanine , cytosine , and uracil . The first three are the same as those found in DNA, but uracil replaces thymine as the base complementary to ...

Vitamin

... this. The less related a species is to mammals , the more different the organisms' requirements become. For example, some bacteria need adenine . Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) was reported as a vitamin for mice in 2003 . In general, plants can synthesize all the organic substances ...
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