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Anadys Reports Preclinical Data Showing ANA773 Promotes Anti-Tumor,Activity of Natural Killer Cells

Poster Presentation on April 17, 2007 at AACR

SAN DIEGO, April 17 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Anadys Pharmaceuticals, Inc. presented data from an in vitro study showing that the active metabolite of ANA773 promotes natural killer (NK) cell-mediated anti-tumor response by inducing cytokine secretion, cytolysis of tumor cells and enhanced antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), during a poster presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Association of Cancer Research (AACR) in Los Angeles today at 8:00 a.m. PDT (11:00 a.m. EDT).

The study found that the active metabolite of ANA773, an oral Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist prodrug, induced the secretion of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) and various other cytokines from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) cultured in vitro. Human PBMC stimulated with the active metabolite of ANA773 increased NK cell cytotoxicity and cytokine secretion against both K562 erythroleukemic cells and transformed B cell lines. These in vitro effects were reduced by neutralization of IFN-alpha, confirming the role of cytokines induced by the TLR7 agonist in the killing of tumor cells.

In addition to enhancing direct NK cell killing of tumor cells, ANA773's active metabolite also enhanced ADCC. In this process, a specific antibody is used to identify tumor cells, which allows killer cells to target them for killing. This study showed that transformed B cells, targeted by addition of the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab, were killed more efficiently when PBMC containing the killer cells were treated with the active metabolite of ANA773.

"These data further support our belief that TLR7 is an attractive therapeutic target for the treatment of cancer," said Lawrence C. Fritz, Ph.D., president and chief executive officer of Anadys Pharmaceuticals. "We are excited about the possibility of combining ANA773, our next oral TLR7 prodrug agonist, with therap
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