Navigation Links
U.S. FDA Approves Requip(R) XL(TM), the First and Only Oral Once-Daily Non-Ergot Dopamine Agonist for Parkinson's Disease

Requip XL Improved Symptoms in Patients Not Optimally Controlled with Levodopa and Reduced Patients' "Off" Time by Nearly Two Hours Per Day

RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C., June 13 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- GlaxoSmithKline (NYSE: GSK) today announced the approval of Requip(R) XL(TM) (ropinirole extended-release tablets) in the U.S. for the treatment of the signs and symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Requip XL is the first and only oral once-daily non-ergot dopamine agonist indicated for Parkinson's disease. The product should be available in pharmacies in mid-July 2008.

Patients with Parkinson's disease may experience what is commonly known as "off" time when their medication wears off and their symptoms return. Symptoms such as slowness of movement, tremor, and rigidity can be problematic for these patients, causing simple activities and movement to become difficult. Results from a pivotal efficacy and safety trial showed that adding Requip XL to patients' existing levodopa (l-dopa) therapy reduced the amount of "off" time experienced by patients with Parkinson's disease by 2.1 hours per day on average, compared to baseline. Specifically, comparing the experience of the group treated with Requip XL versus the placebo group, the adjusted mean difference in the reduction of "off" time was -1.7 hours, which was statistically significant.

"Many patients require multiple doses of one or more medications to control their Parkinson's symptoms, which makes taking their medicines correctly and at the right times challenging. In addition, patients with Parkinson's disease may have trouble completing routine activities of daily living and self-care," said clinical investigator Rajesh Pahwa, M.D., professor of Neurology and director of the Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorder Center at the University of Kansas Medical Center in Kansas City. "Requip XL provides continuous delivery of ropinirole over 24 hours to provide smoother blood levels without the peaks and troughs that multiple daily doses typically deliver. It is an important once-daily treatment option for patients with Parkinson's disease."

Requip XL is an extended-release, once-daily tablet formulation that uses SkyePharma PLC's (LSE: SKP) patented GEOMATRIX(TM) technology. This innovative tri-layer formulation allows for continuous delivery of ropinirole over 24 hours to provide smooth blood levels. Requip XL offers physicians and patients a simple titration regimen; it also offers a convenient, once-daily dosing schedule compared to other oral dopamine agonists, which are dosed multiple times a day.

Clinical Study

FDA approval was based primarily on results from the EASE-PD (Efficacy And Safety Evaluation in Parkinson Disease) Adjunct Study, a multi-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled study conducted in patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease not adequately controlled with l-dopa. A total of 393 patients in the study were randomized to receive either Requip XL (n=202) or placebo (n=191) once daily for 24 weeks in addition to l-dopa. The study's primary endpoint was the mean change from baseline at week 24 in awake time spent "off," which was measured via patient diaries. Results from the study showed that Requip XL significantly reduced "off" time by an average of 2.1 hours per day from baseline, compared to a reduction of 0.4 hours per day for placebo.

Once-daily use of Requip XL was generally well tolerated in the study. The withdrawal rate due to adverse reactions was low and similar between groups (6 percent Requip XL vs. 5 percent placebo). The most common adverse reactions reported in patients taking Requip XL compared to placebo were dyskinesia (13 percent vs. 3 percent), nausea (11 percent vs. 4 percent), dizziness (8 percent vs. 3 percent), hallucination (7 percent vs. 3 percent), somnolence (7 percent vs. 4 percent), abdominal pain/discomfort (6 percent vs. 3 percent) and orthostatic hypotension (5 percent vs. 1 percent).

A Progressively Disabling Disease

Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive, and often disabling neurological condition that eventually impairs the body's ability to move and balance. Researchers have determined that Parkinson's disease involves the degeneration of the cells in one of the brain areas responsible for motor control. Patients with Parkinson's disease experience a reduction in dopamine, a key chemical in the brain that communicates messages about movement, resulting in the symptoms of Parkinson's disease. These symptoms include tremor (involuntary shaking), rigidity (stiffness), akinesia (lack of movement or loss of spontaneous movement), bradykinesia (slower-than-normal voluntary movements), and problems with walking, balance and posture.

More than one million people in the United States have Parkinson's disease. The average age of onset of Parkinson's disease is about 60 years, but the disease can develop at an earlier age.

About Requip XL

Requip XL Tablets are indicated in the U.S. for the treatment of the signs and symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's disease and are administered once daily. Prescription Requip XL is not for everyone. Requip XL may cause patients to fall asleep or feel very sleepy during normal activities such as driving; or to faint or feel dizzy, nauseated, or sweaty when they stand up. Patients should tell their doctor if they experience these effects or the following problems, or if they drink alcohol or are taking other medicines that make them drowsy. Side effects may include nausea, dizziness, drowsiness or sleepiness, headache, and sudden uncontrolled movements (dyskinesia). Increase or decrease in blood pressure and heart rate may occur. Hallucinations may occur at anytime during treatment. Patients should also tell their doctor if they experience new or increased gambling, sexual, or other intense urges while taking Requip XL. Requip XL may increase the side effects of l-dopa. Most patients were not bothered enough to stop taking Requip XL.

About SkyePharma PLC

Using its proprietary drug delivery technologies, SkyePharma develops new formulations of existing products to provide a clinical advantage and life-cycle extension. The company has 12 approved products in the areas of oral, inhalation, and topical delivery. The Group's products are marketed throughout the world by leading pharmaceutical companies. For more information, visit

About GlaxoSmithKline

Requip XL was developed and is marketed by GlaxoSmithKline, one of the world's leading research-based pharmaceutical and healthcare companies. More information on GlaxoSmithKline is available at the company's Web site at

Cautionary statement regarding forward-looking statements

Under the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, GSK cautions investors that any forward-looking statements or projections made by GSK, including those made in this announcement, are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. Factors that may affect GSK's operations are described under 'Risk Factors' in the 'Business Review' in the company's Annual Report on Form 20-F for 2007.

For Full Prescribing Information for Requip XL in the U.S., please call +1 919 483 2839 or visit

Editor's Note: Requip(R) XL(TM) is a trademark of the GlaxoSmithKline group of companies.

GEOMATRIX(TM) is a trademark of SkyePharma PLC.

SOURCE GlaxoSmithKline
Copyright©2008 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine technology :

1. EPA Approves XDS-CALUX(R) as Alternate Dioxin Test Method 4435
2. FDA Approves HIFU Clinical Trial for Recurrent Prostate Cancer
3. U.S. Food and Drug Administration Approves ORENCIA(R) (abatacept) for the Treatment of Moderate-to-Severe Polyarticular Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) in Patients Six Years and Older
4. U.S. Food and Drug Administration Approves ABILIFY(R) (aripiprazole) for the Acute Treatment of Manic and Mixed Episodes Associated With Bipolar I Disorder in Pediatric Patients (10 to 17 Years of Age)
5. UM Maryland Industrial Partnerships Program Approves 18 Collaborative Research Projects, Worth $4.4 Million, Between University Faculty, State Technology Companies
6. FDA Approves XYZAL(R) (levocetirizine dihydrochloride) Oral Solution for the Relief of Seasonal and Year Round Allergies and Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria
7. FDA Approves MiddleBrooks Amoxicillin PULSYS for Pharyngitis/Tonsillitis in Adolescents and Adults
8. European Commission Approves ATRIPLA(R) (efavirenz 600 mg/emtricitabine 200 mg/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 300 mg), the First Once-Daily Single Tablet Regimen for Virologically Suppressed Adults With HIV-1 Infection
9. FDA Approves Cymbalta(R) for Maintenance Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder
10. Health Canada Approves ATRIPLA(R) (efavirenz 600 mg/emtricitabine 200 mg/ tenofovir disoproxil fumarate 300 mg), the First Once-Daily Single Tablet Regimen for HIV
11. FDA Approves Lillys Osteoporosis Drug EVISTA(R) (raloxifene HCl) to Reduce The Risk of Invasive Breast Cancer in Two Populations of Postmenopausal Women
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... Juntendo universitetssjukhus ser potential att använda ... magnetresonansbilder (MR-bilder) för patienter med multipel ... ett forskningsavtal med SyntheticMR AB för att ... forskningsprojekt på sjukhuset. Med SyMRI kan man ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... the addition of the  "2016 Future ... European Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) Market: ... Intelligence, Emerging Opportunities"  report to their ... has announced the addition of the  ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... DUBLIN , November 26, 2015 ... of the "Self Administration of High Viscosity ... ) has announced the addition of ... report to their offering. --> ... the addition of the "Self Administration of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... According to an article ... the way that they are handling security in light of the recent terrorist attacks ... in an attempt to stop an attack from reaching U.S. soil. Especially around special ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... Lizzie’s Lice Pickers just ... is offering customers 10% off of their purchase of lice treatment product. In addition, ... price. According to a company spokesperson. “Finding lice is a sure way to ruin ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... well-respected Microsoft Dynamics SL User Group (MSDSLUG). Recognized as Microsoft’s official group for ... of Microsoft Dynamics SL software users, partners, industry experts and representatives. Intellitec Solutions’ ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... The men and ... nonprofit healthcare organizations in the country. They have overseen financial turnarounds, shown commitment ... advance the healthcare industry as a whole through their advocacy and professional efforts. ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... Inevitably when people think ... customers choose to buy during the Black Friday and Cyber Monday massage chair ... to search the Internet high and low to find the best massage chair deals, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):