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The Outlook for Pharmaceuticals in Central & Eastern Europe
Date:11/15/2011

ack the funding that is required for extensive R&D. Branded generics are particularly common in Central and Eastern Europe, especially in Russia, due to the tradition of self-medication which has encouraged companies to produce pharmaceuticals with recognisable names and the erroneous belief that pure generics are unsafe.

Different IP protection levels

Much of the pharmaceutical legislation within the region has been harmonised with that of the EU. However, the level of IP protection remains an international concern. Problems that are commonly raised include a lack of transparency in IP procedures and the lack of effective enforcement.

Highlights from the report

POLAND

In May 2011, President Komorowski signed a controversial Drug Reimbursement Act into law, which is designed to curb the growth of drug reimbursement expenditure. The measures in the Act, which are to take effect from January 2012, include limiting drug reimbursement expenditure to 17% of total public healthcare spending, forcing pharmaceutical companies to cover half of any drug reimbursement overspending, applying fixed retail prices to reimbursed medicines, introducing fixed margins for wholesalers and requiring certain physicians and wholesalers to sign contracts with the NFZ, agreeing to prescribe and sell medicines at the official, fixed price. There are concerns that the elderly and those on low incomes will not be able to afford the new official prices and the Office of Competition and Consumer Protection has stated that fixed prices and margins on reimbursed drugs contravene free market principles.

ROMANIA

The Romanian pharmaceutical market will be the fourth largest in Central & Eastern Europe by 2016. It is expected to expand at a moderate CAGR between 2011 and 2016, although growth may be affected by slow economic recovery. Imports constitute a large proportion of the market. The expansion of the Romanian pharmaceutical
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