Navigation Links
Task Force Recommends Screening for Hearing Loss in All Newborns

ROCKVILLE, Md., July 3 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- All newborn infants should be screened for congenital hearing loss that is present at birth, according to a new recommendation from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. The recommendation and the accompanying summary of evidence appear in the July 7 issue of Pediatrics.

Children whose hearing is impaired at birth, during infancy or in early childhood can have problems with verbal and nonverbal communication and social skills, increased behavioral problems, and lower academic achievement compared with children with normal hearing. Infants at high risk for hearing loss include those who have spent more than 2 days in a neonatal intensive care unit; those diagnosed with certain syndromes, such as Waardenburg or Usher syndrome; and those with a family history of childhood hearing loss. Because half of infants with hearing loss have no identifiable risk factors, the Task Force proposes universal screening, rather than targeted screening. Detecting and treating infants for hearing loss, rather than detecting it at a later age, provides better chances for positive outcomes such as stronger language skills.

For every 1,000 infants born in the United States, congenital hearing loss occurs in between one and three infants. Congenital hearing loss happens more frequently than other conditions typically screened for as part of a health care evaluation. Infants should be screened before they are 1 month old; those who do not pass the screening should receive further hearing and medical evaluation before they are 3 months old. Thirty-nine U.S. states have enacted legislation related to universal newborn hearing screening. Laws differ on whether screening is mandated or encouraged, how results are reported and how screening is funded.

"Screening for hearing loss should be part of every newborn infant's health care evaluation," said Task Force Chair Ned Calonge, M.D., who is also chief medical officer for the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. "Screening at birth allows for hearing loss to be detected early and is associated with better outcomes for infants who test positive."

The Task Force recommends screening using a two-step screening process that includes otoacoustic emissions followed by auditory brainstem response in those infants who fail the first test. Otoacoustic emissions check the inner ear response to sound and are measured by placing a very sensitive microphone in the ear canal to measure the ear's response. The auditory brainstem response checks the brain's response to sound and is measured by placing electrodes on the infant's head to record the brain's response to sound. Good evidence was found that newborn hearing screening testing is highly accurate and leads to earlier identification and treatment of infants with hearing loss. Good evidence was also found demonstrating that early detection and treatment improve language outcomes.

The Task Force is the leading independent panel of experts in prevention and primary care. The Task Force, which is supported by AHRQ, conducts rigorous, impartial assessments of the scientific evidence for the effectiveness of a broad range of clinical preventive services, including screening, counseling, and preventive medications. Its recommendations are considered the gold standard for clinical preventive services. The Task Force based its conclusions on a report from a research team led by Heidi Nelson, M.D., at AHRQ's Evidence-based Practice Center at the Oregon Health & Science University in Portland.

The recommendations and materials for clinicians are available on the AHRQ Web site at Previous Task Force recommendations, summaries of the evidence, and related materials are available from the AHRQ Publications Clearinghouse by calling (800) 358-9295 or sending an e-mail to Clinical information is also available from AHRQ's National Guideline Clearinghouse at

SOURCE Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality
Copyright©2008 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine technology :

1. Stereotaxis Market Leadership Reinforced in Core Curriculum and Symposium Presentations at Heart Rhythm 2008
2. Multiple Studies Presented at San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium Reinforce Clinical Utility of Oncotype DX(R)
3. MJFF and Merck Serono (EMD Serono in North America) Join Forces on $2-Million Initiative to Drive Treatments for PD-Related Cognitive Dysfunction and Mood Disorders
4. Concentra Medical Centers Gears Up for Flu Season to Keep Area Workforce Healthy
5. Mitchell, Military TBI Task Force Highlight the Importance of Traumatic Brain Injury Research; Mitchell Endorses Ground Breaking Traumatic Brain Injury Study
6. FDA Advisory Committee Unanimously Recommends Approval of Ustekinumab for Treatment of Moderate to Severe Plaque Psoriasis
7. FDA Advisory Committee Unanimously Recommends U.S. Approval of Sugammadex, the First and Only Selective Relaxant Binding Agent
8. Independent Data Safety Monitoring Board Recommends Continuation of Sangarts Pivotal Phase III Trials of Hemospan(R) Following Second Interim Review
9. CHMP Recommends Expanded Use of Angiox(R) (Bivalirudin) in Europe for Patients With Acute Coronary Syndromes
10. Karmanos Doctors Urge Increased Screening for Previously Treated Lung Cancer Patients, Especially Young Women
11. Adding Breast Ultrasound Screening to Mammography Reveals Cancers not Seen on Mammography Alone in Women at Increased Risk for Breast Cancer
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 Research and Markets ( ... "2016 Future Horizons and Growth Strategies in ... Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, Emerging Opportunities" ... --> --> This new ... Japanese therapeutic drug monitoring market, including emerging tests, ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... Juntendo universitetssjukhus ser potential att använda ... magnetresonansbilder (MR-bilder) för patienter med multipel ... ett forskningsavtal med SyntheticMR AB för att ... forskningsprojekt på sjukhuset. Med SyMRI kan man ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ) has announced ... High Viscosity Drugs" report to their offering. ... addition of the "Self Administration of High ... --> Research and Markets ( ) ... Administration of High Viscosity Drugs" report to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... Inevitably when people think Thanksgiving, they also think ... during the Black Friday and Cyber Monday massage chair sales to receive ... high and low to find the best massage chair deals, they can see all ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Somu Sivaramakrishnan announced today that he joined ... offers travelers, value and care based Travel Services, including exclusive pricing on a ... cabin upgrades and special amenities such as, shore excursions, discounted fares, travel gifts ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... NE (PRWEB) , ... November 26, 2015 , ... Jobs ... searched by healthcare professionals and offered by healthcare staffing agency Aureus Medical Group ... during the month of October 2015 among those searching for healthcare jobs through the ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... WorldCare International, Inc., the first ... annual Employee Benefits Conference. The Employee Benefits Conference was hosted by the International ... November 11th, 2015. The conference was held at the Hawaii Convention Center in ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... for mental health and wellness consultation, has collaborated with Women’s Web – ... their reader’s queries on topics on mental and emotional well-being relationship, life ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):