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Study Shows Improved Patient Management and Outcome Using Abbott's Sensitive Troponin Assay
Date:5/18/2011

BERLIN, May 18, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Research presented this week at the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry Congress and Laboratory Medicine showed that using a lower diagnostic threshold for troponin improves clinical outcomes and patient survival in patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes.  Troponin is a protein found inside of heart cells that is released when they are damaged by ischemia or reduced blood supply.  

Cardiac troponin is regarded by clinicians as one of the most specific biochemical markers for myocardial tissue injury, and the latest generation of more sensitive assays can identify patients with very small heart attacks.  By improving the ability to accurately triage patients presenting with chest pain, the use of sensitive troponin assays could provide physicians with important information to help reduce patient deaths.  

The diagnostic threshold used during the validation phase was 0.20 ng/mL.  During the implementation phase, the diagnostic threshold was lowered to 0.05 ng/mL.  The 2,092 patients with suspected ACS who presented at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh were stratified in three groups (troponin <0.05 ng/mL, 0.05 to 0.19 ng/mL, and greater than or equal to 0.20 ng/mL).  

During the validation phase, 39 percent of patients with troponin concentrations of 0.05 to 0.19 ng/mL died or were readmitted with MI at one year.  In contrast, only 21 percent of patients with troponin concentrations of 0.05 to 0.19 died or had a recurrent MI during the implementation phase.  Lowering the diagnostic threshold resulted in more referrals to specialists and better treatment, explaining the improvement in clinical outcomes in these patients.

Nicolas Mills, M.D., Ph.D., a cardiologist at the British Heart Foundation Centre for Cardiovascular Science, and Simon Walker, M.D., Ph.D., a senior lecturer and consultant in the Department of Clinical Biochemistry a
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